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Full text of "Maryland Statistical Abstract"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://archive.org/details/marylandstatisti1979mary 



MARYLAND 

STATISTICAL 

ABSTRACT 

1979 



DECD 



Department of/Economic and Community Development 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 



The 1979 edition of the Maryland Statistical Abstract was prepared 
by the Division of Research of the Department, PADRAIC P. FRUCHT, Director 
of Research. NEIL M. SHPRITZ, Chief, Office of Statistical Information 
Services, was responsible for general supervision and compilation, ably 
assisted by IRENE TASHLICK. ROBERTA HOLLINGSHEAD and ANN SCHWARTZ, summer 
student interns, who worked long and hard hours on this project, provided 
valuable service in collecting and organizing data. MIRIAM BUTLER, 
CECELIA CLARK, VICTORIA JONGENEEL and PATRICIA PARKS had responsibility 
for clerical operations. 

We thank the many contributors to this volume. Notes below each 
table credit its sources. Where indicated, contributors have requested 
copyright protection. Permission to use copyright material must be ob- 
tained directly from each source so cited. 



1777 

folio 



State 



^^^Department of 
ijjll^ Economic & 
t^W Community 

$1 ^development 



Office of the Secretary 

2525 Riva Road, Annapolis, Maryland 21401 < 



Harry Hughes 

Governor 

James Roberson 

Secretary 



February 15, 1980 



The Honorable Harry Hughes 
Governor of Maryland 
State House 
Annapolis, Maryland 21404 

Dear Governor Hughes : 

I am pleased to transmit to you the "1979 Maryland Statistical 
Abstract", which was prepared and published by the Department as part of 
its continuing effort to maintain, on as current a basis as feasible, a 
data base on which sound decisions affecting the welfare of our citizens 
can be made by government and private enterprise. 

We update this publication every two years , thus providing a 
statistical record of the composition, changes and trends in population, 
incomes and employment in business and industry, governmental receipts 
and expenditures, agriculture, natural resources, and many other aspects 
of life in Maryland. Hopefully, State and local government agencies, 
individuals, and business firms will find the data useful to them. 

We believe this edition to be the most complete compendium of 
State data yet produced in Maryland. In updating and expanding the 
coverage of the last Statistical Abstract, we have added many pages of 
newly developed data and a special series of political subdivision pro- 
files. Also, in the Appendix to this volume, we have reproduced a number 
of historical time series, by month, of significant economic indicators. 

Great care has been taken to insure the usefulness and accuracy 
of this publication. As with previous editions, this report has benefited 
from suggestions and comments from interested users. We anticipate a con- 
tinuation of such support in the future. 

Sincerely, 



Dames 0. Roberson 



An Equal Opportunity Employer 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

POLITICAL SUBDIVISION MAP OF MARYLAND 1 

Table No. 

Geographical Regions of Maryland Grouped by Political 
Subdivisions 2 

2 Maryland Highlights 3 

3a Selected Indicators for the Baltimore SMSA by 

Political Subdivisions 6 

3b Selected Indicators for the Washington, D.C. SMSA by 

Political Subdivisions 9 

3c Selected Indicators for Western Maryland by 

Political Subdivisions 12 

3d Selected Indicators for Southern Maryland by 

Political Subdivisions 15 

3e Selected Indicators for the Upper Eastern Shore by 

Political Subdivisions 18 

3f Selected Indicators for the Lower Eastern Shore by 

Political Subdivisions 21 

POPULATION AND VITAL STATISTICS 24 

A Population; State of Maryland and Political Subdivisions, 

Rank by Percent of Change: 1978 and 1970 26 

5 Population of the 50 States and the District of Columbia 

Rank by Percent of Change: 1978 and 1970 27 

6 Population Density in the United States, by State: 1977. ... 28 

7 Population Density of Maryland Subdivisions; Ranked by 

Density: July 1, 1978 29 

8 Maryland Population Growth: 1890-1978 30 

9 Components of Population Change Due to Migration and 

Natural Increase by Political Subdivision: 1970-1977 31 

10 Migration to and from Maryland: 1965-1970 

by State 32 



Table No. Page 

11 Population, State of Maryland, by Race and Political Sub- 
division: July 1977 and April 1, 1970 33 

12 Estimated Maryland Population by Sex and R.ace and 

Detailed Age Group, July 1977 34 

13 Comparative Population Estimates and Vital Statistics Data, 

by Race for Maryland Regions: 1976. 35 

14 Estimated White Population, by Age Group and Political 
Subdivision: July 1, 1977 36 

15 Estimated Maryland Nonwhite Population, bv Age Group and 
Political Subdivision: July 1, 1977 37 

16 Marriage by Resident Status and Type of Ceremony, by 

Political Subdivision of Occurrence: 1976 38 

17 Birth and Birth Rates by Race for Maryland and Political 
Subdivisions: 1976 39 

18 Absolute Divorces and Annulments bv Legal Grounds for 

Decree and Political Subdivisions of Occurrence: 1976 .... 40 

19 Selected Mortality Data by Race, Maryland and the United 

States: 1973-1976 41 

20 Deaths for Ten Leading Causes, by Sex and Race, 

Maryland: 1976 42 

21 Deaths and Death Rates by Race for Maryland and Political 
Subdivisions: 1976 43 

EDUCATION 44 

22 Number of Public Schools in Maryland, by Political Sub- 
division: September 30, 1978 45 

23 Enrollment in Public and Nonpublic Schools, All Levels, 
Maryland: 1978, 1977 and 1976 46 

24 Number of Pupils Attending Public Schools in Maryland, 

by Political Subdivision: 1978, 1977 and 1973 47 

25 Average Number of Pupils Belonging per Teacher and 
Principal, Maryland Public Schools, by Political Sub- 
division: 1977-1978 School Year 48 



Table No. Page 

26 Elementary and Secondary Teachers and Principals in 
Maryland Public Schools, by Political Subdivision: 

1979 and 1974 49 

27 Cost per Pupil Belonging: Current Expenses, Maryland Public 
Schools, by Political Subdivision: 1978-1979 School Year. . 50 

28 Average Salary per Teacher and Principal, Maryland Public 
Schools, by Political Subdivision: 1977-1978 School Year. . 51 

29 Holding Power of Public High Schools in Maryland, by 
Political Subdivision: 1968-1978 52 

30 Public High School Graduates in Maryland and Percent 
Intending to Continue Education, by Political Subdivision: 

1978, 1976 and 1974 53 

31 Source of Current Funds and Disbursements, Maryland 

Public Schools: School Year 1978-1979 54 

32 Capital Expenditures, Maryland Public Schools, by 

Political Subdivision: 1977-1978 School Year 55 

33 Enrollment in State Accredited Two Year Colleges: 1978. . . 56 

34 Enrollment in State Accredited Four Year Colleges and 
Universities: 1978 57 

35 Four Year State Accredited Colleges and Universities 

in Maryland: 1978 59 

HEALTH SERVICES 61 

36 Distribution of Physicians, and Number of Beds in Hospitals 

in Maryland, by Political Subdivision 62 

37 Patient Population, State Psychiatric Inpatient Facilities, 
Fiscal Years 1974-1978 63 

CLIMATE OF MARYLAND 64 

38 Location of Maryland Weather Stations for Which Clima- 
tological Data are Presented 66 

39 Spring and Fall Freeze Data Based on Thirty Year Periods 
1941-1970, and Average Length of Freeze-Free Periods .... 68 

40 Average Temperature, Precipitation and Snowfall at Selected 
Locations Within the State of Maryland: 1941-1970 70 



Table No. Page 

41 Cloud Cover Conditions in Maryland, Sunrise to Sunset, by 
Region, Normal Annual Period and Total Days Per Month 
1976-1979 83 

NATURAL RESOURCES 85 

42 Commercial Forest Land Area by Stand-Size Class in Maryland 
and Neighboring States and the Continental United States: 
January 1, 1977 86 

43 Forest Land Area in Maryland and Neighboring States and 

the Continental United States: January 1, 1977 86 

44 Commercial Forest Land Ownership by Type of Owner in 
Maryland and Neighboring States and the Continental United 
States: January 1, 1977 87 

45 Net Volume of Growing Stock and Sawtimber on Commercial 
Forest Land by Ownership and Net Annual Growth in Maryland 
and Neighboring States and the Continental United 

States: 1977 88 

46 Net Volume of Live Sawtimber in Sawtimber Stands on 
Commercial Forest Land in Maryland and Neighboring States 

and the Continental United States: 1977 89 

47 Net Volume of Sawtimber on Commercial Timberland in Maryland, 

by Species as of January 1, 1977 90 

48 Annual Cut and Net Annual Growth of Growing Stock on 
Commercial Forest Land, Maryland, by Species Group: 1976. . 91 

49 Annual Cut and Net Annual Growth of Live Sawtimber on 
Commercial Forest Land, Maryland, by Species Group: 1976 91 

50 Volume of Forest Products Harvested in Maryland: 1977 ... 92 

51 Number of Forest Fires and Area Burned in Maryland, by 
Political Subdivision: 1978 and 1977 93 

52 Forest Fires in Maryland by Cause, by Political Subdivision: 
1978 94 

53 Number of Commercial Fishermen and Gear in Maryland: 

1975, 1974 and 1973 95 

54 Fish Catch in Maryland, by Quantity: 1978 and 1977 96 

55 Fish Catch in Maryland, by Value: 1978 and 1977 98 



Table No. Page 

56 Seafood Processed Products, Maryland: 1978, 1977 and 1972 . 100 

57 Hunting and Fishing License Sales, Maryland: Fiscal Years 

1978, 1977 and 1976 101 

58 Mineral Production in Maryland 1975 and 1974 102 

59 Value of Mineral Production in Maryland, by Political 
Subdivision: 1975 and 1974 103 

LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT, AND UNEMPLOYMENT 104 

60 Civilian Labor Force, Total Employment and Unemployment 

in Maryland by Region and Political Subdivision: 1978 . . . 105 

61 Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Annual Average Employment 

in Maryland: 1978, 1977 and 1976 by Place of Work 106 

62 Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Annual Average Employment 
Baltimore SMSA: 1978, 1977 and 1976 by Place of Work. ... 107 

63 Percentage Distribution of Nonagricultural Wage and 
Salary Employment in Maryland: 1978, 1977 and 1976 

by Place of Work 108 

64 Nonagricultural, Non-Manufacturing Wage and Salary Annual 
Average Employment in Maryland: 1978 and 1976 

by Place of Work 109 

65 Percentage Distribution in Major Categories of Non- 
agricultural Wage and Salary Employment by Political 
Subdivision and the Baltimore SMSA: 1977 by Place of Work . 110 

66 Percentage Distribution of Major Categories of Selected 
Nonmanufacturing Employment: 1976 by Political Subdivision. Ill 

67 Federal Civilian Employment by Political Subdivision 

December 31, 1978 112 

68 Federal Civilian Government Employment by State, 

December 31, 1978 113 

69 Proportion of Labor Force Working Outside County of 
Residence: 1960 and 1970 114 

70 Destination of Commuters, by Political Subdivision: 1970. . 115 

71 Armed Services Personnel in Maryland and United States: 
September 30, 1978 121 



Table No. Page 

72 Weekly Average of State Insured Unemployed, by Industry 
Attachment and by Sex: Fiscal Years 1978 and 1977 122 

73 Employment Security Administration Summary of State 
Activities: Fiscal Years 1978 and 1977 123 

74 Nonagricultural Employment Service Activities Relating to 

All Persons and Veterans; Fiscal Years 1978 and 1977 124 

75 Distribution of Maryland and State Employees, by Political 
Subdivision: November 1979 125 

76 Distribution of Maryland State Roads Commission Employees, 

by Working Locations: May 1979 126 

77 Work Stoppages in Maryland and United States: 1970-1977 . . 127 
MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND PAYROLLS 128 

78 Number of Employees in Manufacturing, Maryland 

and Selected Other Areas: 1963-1977 129 

79 Manufacturing Employment in Maryland by Standard Industrial 
Classification, by Place of Work, Annual Averages: 1978, 

1977 and 1976 Ranked by Number of Employees in 1978 130 

80 Manufacturing Employment in the Baltimore SMSA by Selected 
Standard Industrial Classification Annual Averages: 1978, 

1977 and 1976 Ranked by Number of Employees in 1978 131 

81 Manufacturing and Non-Manufacturing Payrolls in Maryland: 

1978, 1976 and 1974 132 

82 Manufacturing Payrolls in Maryland, Rank by Dollar Value 

in 1977: 1977 and 1976 133 

83 Number of Manufacturing Firms in Maryland, by Political 
Subdivision: 1978, 1977, 1970, 1960, 1950 134 

84 Manufacturing Payrolls, Maryland and Selected Eastern 

States, Regionally Ranked by Rate of Growth: 1978 and 1976. 135 

85 Number of Employees Engaged in Manufacturing, Maryland and 
Selected Eastern States, Regionally Ranked by Rate of 

Growth in Total Employees: 1977 and 1972 136 

86 Value Added by Manufacture, Maryland and Selected Eastern 
States, Regionally Ranked by Rate of Growth: 1977 and 

1972 137 

87 Value Added by Principal Manufacturing Industries in 
Maryland, Rank by Dollar Volume: 1977 and 1972 138 



Page 



Average Weekly and Average Hourly Earnings in Manufacturing 
Industries in Maryland by Place of Work: 1978 and 1976, 
Rank by 1978 Dollar Value of Average Weekly Earnings . . . . 



92 
93 
94 
95 
96 



98 



139 
140 



PERSONAL 
101 



Estimated Travel Expenditures and Travel Generated 

Employment in Maryland, by Political Subdivision: 1976. . . 141 

Trade Activity in Maryland, Establishments with Payroll 

Only: 1977 142 

Trade Activity in Maryland, Number of Establishments and 

Total Sales or Receipts: 1977 and 1972 143 

Maryland Retail Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1977 ... 146 

Maryland Retail Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1972 . . . 147 

Maryland Wholesale Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1977. . 148 

Maryland Wholesale Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1972. . 149 

Selected Services in Maryland by Political Subdivision: 

1977 150 

Selected Services in Maryland by Political Subdivision: 

1972 . 151 

Number of Establishments, by Selected Kind-Of -Business 

Groups Maryland Selected Services by Political Subdivision: 

1977 152 

Number of Establishments, by Kind of Business Group, 

Maryland Selected Services by Political Subdivision With 

500 or More Establishments: 1977 153 

Number of Establishments, by Kind of Business Group, 

Maryland Selected Services, by Political Subdivision With 

300 or More Establishments: 1972 154 

INCOME 155 

Gross State Product, Maryland, Current and Constant 

Dollars: 1950-1978 156 

Total Personal Income, United States and the 51 Political 
Jurisdictions, Rank Order: 1978 157 



Table No. Page 

103 Per Capita Income by Jurisdiction and the United States, 

Rank Order: 1978 158 

104 Total Personal Income, Maryland and Selected Eastern 

States: 1978 and 1976 159 

105 Per Capita Income, Maryland and Selected Eastern States: 

1978 and 1976 160 

106 Personal Income by Major Source, Maryland: 1978 and 1976 . . 161 

107 Personal Income and Per Capita Personal Income, by 

Political Subdivision: 1977 and 1972 162 

108 Consumer Spendable Income Rank Order for States: 1978 . . . 163 

109 Buying Power, by Political Subdivision: 1978 164 

110 Estimated Per Capita and Average Household Consumer 
Spendable Income by Political Subdivision, Ranked by Per 

Capita Consumer Spendable Income: 1978 165 

111 Average Household Consumer Spendable Income, Maryland and 
Selected Eastern States: 1978 166 

112 Retail Sales Per Household Rank Order for States: 1978. . . 167 

113 Retail Sales in Maryland, by Political Subdivision: 1978. . 168 

114 Families Below Poverty Level in Maryland by Political 
Subdivision: 1969 169 

115 Transfer Payments by State for 1976 170 

CITY WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET 172 

116 Consumer Price Indices U.S., Baltimore, Md., and 

Washington, D. C. Metropolitan Areas: 1974-1978 173 

117 Urban Worker's Family Budget, Baltimore Metropolitan Area 

and Selected U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Autumn 1978 173 

118 Food Component of Consumer Price Index, Baltimore SMSA 

and United States: Jan., 1974- July, 1979 174 

119 Indices of Average Earnings of Workers in Selected 
Occupational Groups, and Relative Advance in 29 Metro- 
politan Areas: January-December 1977 175 



viii 



Table No. Page 

STATE FINANCE 176 

120 Total Receipts and Total Available Revenues, Maryland: 

Fiscal Years 1978, 1976 and 1974 177 

121 Retail Sales Tax Receipts, Maryland, Rank Order by Major 

Class of Business: Fiscal Year 1978 178 

122 Retail Sales Tax Receipts by Major Categories, 

by Political Subdivision: Fiscal Year 1978 179 

123 Retail Sales and Use Tax Receipts, by Subdivision: 

Fiscal Years 1978 and 1973 180 

124 Total Expenditures, Maryland: Fiscal Years 1978, 1976, 1974 181 

125 Percentage Distribution of Local Government Revenues and 
Current Expenses: Fiscal Year 1978, by Political 
Subdivision 182 

126 General Revenue Sharing Payments to Maryland, Baltimore 
City and All Counties: Entitlement Period 8 and 

Entitlement Period 10 184 

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 185 

127 All Active Banks in Maryland, Summary of Assets and 
Liabilities: 1977, 1976 and 1975 186 

128 All Active National Banks in Maryland, Summary of 

Assets and Liabilities: 1977, 1976, and 1975 187 

129 All Active State Banks and Trust Companies in Maryland, 
Summary of Assets and Liabilities: 1977, 1976, and 1975 . . 188 

130 All Active Mutual Savings Banks in Maryland, Summary 

of Assets and Liabilities: 1977, 1976, and 1975 188 

131 Credit Unions in Maryland: 1977, 1976, and 1975 189 

132 Consumer Loan and Small Loan Licensees in Maryland: 

1978 and 1977 189 

133 Combined Statement of Condition of All Building, Savings, 
and Loan Associations Domiciled in Maryland as of December 

31, 1978 190 

LIFE INSURANCE 192 

134 Life Insurance in Force in Maryland: 1977 193 



Table No. Page 

135 Purchases of Ordinary Life Insurance, Maryland: 1971-1977 193 
MASS MEDIA 194 

136 Television Stations in Maryland: 1979 196 

137 Television Broadcast Revenues, Expenses and Income by 

Market, Baltimore and Washington, D. C: 1978 197 

138 AM and AM/EM Broadcast Revenues, Expenses and Income, 

Maryland and Baltimore Metropolitan Area: 1977 198 

139 AM Radio Stations in Maryland: 1979 199 

140 FM Radio Stations in Maryland: 1979 201 

141 Daily Newspapers of General Circulation in Maryland: 1979 . . 203 

142 Weekly Newspapers of General Circulation in Maryland: 1979. 203 

143 Newspaper Circulation by Source of Daily Paper, 

by Political Subdivision: 1978-1979 206 

COURTS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT 207 

144 Number of Judges, Population and Case Load Per Judge, 
Maryland Circuit Courts, by Political Subdivision: 

Fiscal Year 1978 209 

145 Cases Filed in Circuit Courts, Maryland: Fiscal Years 

1978 and 1976 210 

146 Average Time Intervals, Dispositions of Appeals, Maryland 

Court of Appeals, in Months: 1964-1977 211 

147 Average Days From Filing to Disposition, Maryland Circuit 
Courts, by Political Subdivision: 1977-1978 212 

148 United States District Court for Maryland, Civil and 
Criminal Cases and Bankruptcy, Administrative, and 

Citizen Matters: Fiscal Years 1978 and 1976 213 

149 Offenses of Persons Committed to State Institutions: 

Fiscal 1978 214 

150 Jurisdictions From Which Committed Persons Were Received: 
Fiscal Year 1978 215 

151 Age Groups of Committed Persons, All Adult Institutions: 

Fiscal Year 1978 216 



Table No. Page 

152 Lengths of Sentences of Committed Persons, All Adult 
Institutions: Fiscal Year 1978 216 

153 Disposition of All Juvenile Court Cases, by Political 
Subdivision: Fiscal Years 1978, 1976 and 1974 217 

154 Maryland Circuit Court Juvenile Dispositions: Fiscal 1978 . 218 

155 Average Daily Total Population of Juvenile Institutions, 

by Institution: Fiscal Years 1979 and 1978 219 

156 Capacity, Average Daily Population and Annual Per Capita 
Costs of Adult Correctional Institutions by Institution: 

Fiscal Year 1978 220 

SOCIAL SERVICES 221 

157 Net Expenditures for Social Services Administration 

by Funding and by Local Department: Fiscal Year 1978. . . . 222 

158 Selected Social Services Administration Expenditures: 

Fiscal Years 1978 and 1977 223 

159 Percent and Source of Funds by Type of Expenditure, 

Selected Programs: Fiscal Years 1978 and 1977 224 

160 Selected Social Services Caseload for Maryland and 

Baltimore City: Average for Fiscal Years 1978 and 1977. . . 225 

161 Food Stamp Distribution: July 1, 1977-June 30, 1978 .... 226 

162 Administrative Expenditures for the Employment Security 
Administration by Program: Fiscal Years 1978 and 1977 . . . 227 

ENERGY 228 

163 Retail Fuel and Utilities Component of Consumer Price 
Index, Baltimore SMSA and United States: Jan., 1973- 

July 1979 229 

164 Gas Utility Industry, Customers and Revenues, Maryland: 
1970-1978 230 

165 Natural Gas Consumption, in the United States, South 
Atlantic Region, Maryland and District of Columbia: 

1977, 1976, 1975 231 

166 Installed Generating Capacity and Production of Electric 
Utilities and Industrial Plants by Class of Ownership and 
Type of Prime Mover, and Production of Electric Utilities 

by Source, Maryland: 1978 and 1977 232 



Table No. Page 

167 Commercial and Industrial Electric Sales in Maryland: 
1968-1978 233 

168 Gross Gallons of Motor Gasoline Sold, Maryland and the 

United States: 1972-1978 234 

169 Regular Gasoline Retail Sales Prices, Baltimore SMSA and 

the United States: 1975-1979 235 

170 Unleaded Gasoline Retail Sales Prices, Baltimore SMSA and 

the United States: 1975-1979 236 

171 Premium Gasoline Retail Sales Prices, Baltimore SMSA and 

the United States: 1975-1979 237 

172 Telephone System in Maryland, Selected Data: 1976-1978 

and 1974 238 

PORT OF BALTIMORE 239 

173 Import and Export Tonnage and Value, Port of Baltimore: 
1969-1978 240 

174 Import Trade of the Port of Baltimore Arranged by 

Principal Countries and by Trade Areas: 1978 241 

175 Export Trade of the Port of Baltimore Arranged by 

Principal Countries and by Trade Areas: 1978 242 

176 Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Import Tonnage: 1978, 1977 and 1976 ... 243 

177 Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Import Value: 1978, 1977 and 1976 .... 243 

178 Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Export Tonnage: 1978, 1977 and 1976 . . . 244 

179 Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Export Value: 1978, 1977 and 1976 .... 244 

180 Value of Principal Categories of Commodities Exported 

from and Imported into the Port of Baltimore: 1978 245 

181 Leading Commodities in Waterborne Commerce, Baltimore 

Harbor and Channels, in Short Tons: 1977 246 

182 Waterborne Commerce of the Principal Waterways in 

Maryland, in Short Tons: 1977 and 1972 247 



Table No. Page 

183 Waterborne Commerce of the Baltimore Harbor and 

Channels, in Short Tons: 1968-1977 248 

AIR TRAVEL 249 

184 Baltimore-Washington International Airport Operations: 

1978 and 1977 250 

185 Commercial Airports and Heliports in the State of 

Maryland, by Political Subdivision 251 

MOTOR VEHICLES 252 

186 Motor Vehicle-Related Employment in Maryland and the 

United States 253 

187 New Motor Vehicle Registration and Number of Licensed 

Dirvers in Maryland: 1978 and 1977 253 

188 Motor Vehicle Registration in Maryland, by Type and 

Political Subdivision: 1979 and 1978 254 

189 Average Daily Vehicle Miles, State Maintained Roads: 

1978 and 1977 255 

190 Traffic Volume at Toll Facilities in Maryland, Annual 

Totals: 1968-1978 256 

191 Highway Mileages Between Selected Locations in Maryland. . . 257 

192 Total Highway Mileage by Type of System in Maryland: 

1978 and 1977 258 

AGRICULTURE 259 

193 Cash Receipts from Farming, Maryland: 1977, 1976 

and 1975 260 

194 Selected Commodities Indices, Prices Received by Farmers, 
Maryland: 1971-1978 262 

195 Number of Farms and Lands in Farms, Maryland: 1970-1979 . . . 262 

196 Workers on Farms in Maryland: 1974-1978 262 

197 Livestock and Poultry in Maryland, Number on Farms: 

1976-1979 263 

198 Livestock and Poultry in Maryland, Value by Species: 

1976-1979 265 



Table No. Page 

HOUSING AND CONSTRUCTION 266 

199 Selected Characteristics of Housing in Maryland, by 

Political Subdivision: 1970 267 

200 Value of Construction Contract Awards, United States 

and Maryland: 1976-1978 268 

201 New Building Permits for Private and Public Residential 
Dwelling Units Authorized in Maryland: 1969-1978 268 

202 Annual Value of Non-Residential and Residential 

Construction Contracts Awarded in Maryland: 1967-1978 . . . 269 

203 Mobile Home Shipments into Maryland: 1962-1978 270 

REAL ESTATE 271 

204 Number of Real Properties and Real Property Assessed 

Values, by Political Subdivision: 1979 272 

205 Real Property Assessment Level Ratios, by Political 
Subdivision: 1979, 1978 and 1977 273 

206 Real Property Leased to the Federal Government in 

Maryland: 1977 and 1976 274 

207 Federally Owned Real Property in Maryland: 1977 and 1976. . 274 
FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND 275 

208 Relative Position of the State: FY 1977 276 

209 Functional Summary of Federal Outlays, Maryland: FY 1977. . 277 

210 Federal Outlays in Maryland, by Political Subdivision: 

FY 1977 279 

211 Political Subdivision Summary of Federal Outlays by 

Agency: FY 1977 280 

212 Federal Expenditures by Functional Category in the 
Appalachian Portion of Maryland: FY 1977 286 

ELECTIONS 287 

213 Voter Registration in Maryland, by Party and Political 
Subdivision: October 9, 1978 288 

214 Maryland General Election Returns - November 2, 1976 

for President of the United States 289 



Table No. Page 

215 Maryland General Election Returns - November 7, 1978 

for Governor of Maryland 290 

216 Maryland General Election Returns - November 5, 1974 

for United States Senator 291 

217 Maryland General Election Returns - November 2, 1976 

for United States Senator 292 

218 Maryland General Election Returns - November 7, 1978 

for Representative in the 96th Congress of the United States 294 

RECREATION AREAS 295 

219 Recreation Homes, by Political Subdivisions: 1970 296 

220 Open Land and Selected Recreation Facilities 297 



Table No. Page 

STATISTICAL APPENDIX 

NOTES TO STATISTICAL APPENDIX A-l 

A-l Maryland Total Civilian Workforce, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - December 1978 .... A-2 

A-2 Maryland Employment, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally 

Adjusted: January 1970 - December 1978 A-3 

A-3 Maryland Unemployment, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally 

Adjusted: January 1970 - December 1978 A-4 

A-A Maryland Unemployment Rate, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - December 1978 A-5 

A-5 Maryland Manufacturing Employment, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - December 1978 .... A-6 

A-6 Maryland Durable Goods Manufacturing Employment, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - 
December 1978 A-7 

A-7 Maryland Nondurable Goods Manufacturing Employment, by 

Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - 
December 1978 A-8 

A-8 Maryland Nonmanufacturing Employment, by Month, 

Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - 

December 1978 A-9 

A-9 Maryland Contract Construction Employment, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - 
December 1978 A-10 

A-10 Maryland Transportation and Public Utilities Employment, by 
Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - 
December 1978 A-ll 

A-ll Maryland Wholesale and Retail Trade Employment, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - 
December 1978 A-12 

A-12 Maryland Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate Employment, 
by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: 
January 1972 - December 1978 A-13 

A- 13 Maryland Federal Government Employment, by Month, 

Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - 

December 1978 A_1 ^ 



Table No. Page 

A- 14 Maryland State and Local Government Employment, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - 
December 1978 A-15 

A-15 Maryland Total Government Employment, by Month, 

Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - 

December 1978 A-16 

A- 16 Maryland Service Employment, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - December 1978 A-17 

A- 17 Maryland Nonagricultural Employment, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1972 - December 1978 . . . A-18 

A- 18 Maryland Average Weekly Initial Unemployment Claims, by 

Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
December 1978 A-19 

A- 19 Maryland Accession Rate in Manufacturing, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
December 1978 A-20 

A-20 Maryland Layoff Rate in Manufacturing, by Month, 

Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 

December 1978 A-21 

A-21 Number of Business Failures in Maryland, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1965 - 
December 1978 A-22 

A-22 Current Liabilities of Business Failures in Maryland, by 

Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
December 1978 A-23 

A-23 Maryland Total Construction Contract Awards Valuation, by 
Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1965 - 
December 1978 A-24 

A-24 Maryland Total Building Construction Contract Awards 

Valuation, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: 

January 1966 - December 1978 A-25 

A-25 Maryland Nonresidential Building Construction Contract 
Awards Valuation, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally 
Adjusted: January 1966 - December 1978 A-26 

A-26 Maryland Residential Building Construction Contract Awards 
Valuation, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: 
January 1966 - December 1978 A-27 



Table No. 



Page 



A- 2 7 New Car Registrations in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1966 - December 1978 .... A-28 

A-28 Estimated Retail Sales in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - December 1978 .... A-29 

A-29 Time Deposits in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - December 1978 A-30 

A- 30 Demand Deposits in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - December 1978 A-31 

Gross Energy Consumption, United States: 1960 - 1977 .... A-32 

Gross Energy Consumption, Maryland: 1960 - 1977 A-33 

Transportation Energy Consumption, United States: 

1960 - 1977 A-34 

Transportation Energy Consumption, Maryland: 1960 - 197 7 . . A-35 

Prime Contract Awards by the Department of Defense, Net 

Value by Department: October 1978 - March 1979 A-36 

A-36 Prime Contract Awards by the Department of Defense, Net 

Value by Fiscal Years: 1976, 1977 and 1978 A-37 

A- 37 Prime Contract Awards by the Department of Defense, Net 
Value of Civil Functions: Fiscal Years 1976, 1977 and 
1978 and Fiscal Years 1978 and 1979 to Date A-38 

Footnotes to Tables A-35 - A-37 A-39 

A-38 State Rankings of Selected Demographic Characteristics .... A-40 

A-39 State Rankings of Federal Outlays by Major 

Functional Classifications A-41 



A- 


-31 


A- 


-32 


A- 


-33 


A- 


-34 


A- 


-35 




;w 



ii 



$& 



NO. 1 
GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS OF MARYLAND GROUPED BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



SUB-REGIONS 



BALTIMORE AREA WASHINGTON SUBURBS 

Baltimore City Charles 

Baltimore Montgomery 

Anne Arundel Prince George's 

Howard 

Harford 

Carroll 



WESTERN MARYLAND SOUTHERN MARYLAND 

Frederick St. Mary's 

Washington Calvert 

Allegany 
Garrett 



EASTERN SHORE 
UPPER EASTERN SHORE LOWER EASTERN SHORE 

Caroline Dorchester 

Cecil Somerset 

Kent Wicomico 

Queen Anne's Worcester 
Talbot 



NO. 2 
MARYLAND HIGHLIGHTS 



SIZE IN SQUARE MILES 

Land 

Chesapeake Bay 
Inland Water 
Total 



9,874 

1,726 

703 

12,303 



POPULATION ESTIMATE: JULY 1, 1978 



Maryland 
Baltimore SMSA 
Washington, D.C. 

EDUCATION: 1978 



SMSA , Maryland Portion 



4,143,000 
2,145,200 
1,305,200 



Percent Change 
Over 1970 Census 
5.6 
3.6 
5.9 



Enrollment in Public and Nonpublic Schools 

Total All Levels 1,151,674 

Pre-Kindergarten through High School 936,105 

Four-Year Colleges and Universities 128,506 

Two-Year Colleges 87,063 

Public High School Graduates and 

Percent Intending to Continue Education 55,880; 42.1% 

LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT: 1978 



By Place of Residence 

Civilian Labor Force 

Total Employment 

Unemployment and Percentage Rate 

Non-Agricultural Wage and Salary 
Annual Average Employment, 
By Place of Work 

Total Non-Agricultural Employment 
Manufacturing 

Durable Goods 

Non-Durable Goods 
Non-Manufacturing 

Contract Construction 

Transportation and Utilities 

Wholesale Trade 

Retail Trade 

Finance, Insurance and Real Estate 

Services and Mining 

Federal Government 

State and Local Government 



,032,000 
,918,000 
114,000; 5.6% 



(1,000) 


1,593 


6 


242 





133 


9 


108 


1 


1,351 


6 


102 


5 


84 


6 


80 





298 


6 


85 


6 


317 


3 


131 


1 


251 


9 



Percent of Total 
100.0 
15.2 

8.4 



84.8 
6.4 
5.3 
5.0 

18.7 
5.4 

19.9 
8.2 

15.8 



NO. 2 
MARYLAND HIGHLIGHTS 
PERSONAL INCOME: 1978 

Gross State Product 

(In billions of currer-i: dollars) $ 38. 
Total Personal Income 

(In millions of dollars) 34,646 

Per Capita Personal Income 8,363 

Average Household Consumer Spendable Income 20,407 

LEADING MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 
BY VALUE ADDED: 1977 



(In millions of dollars) 



All Industries $ 7,108.7 

Food and Kindred Products 1,021.9 

Electrical Machinery 957.1 

Primary Metal Industries 843.4 

STATE FINANCE: FISCAL YEAR 1978 
(In thousands of dollars) 

Total Receipts $ 4,154,45'/ 

Total Available Revenues 4,544,473 

Total Expenditures 4,030,109 

Surplus and Fund Balances - End of Year 514,364 

TOTAL RETAIL SALES ESTIMATED: 19 78 

(In thousands of dollars) $ 14,834,981 

CASH RECEIPTS FROM FARMING: 1977 
(In thousands of dollars) 

All Crops 229,185 

Livestock and Livestock Products 428,282 

Government Payments 3,398 

Total Receipts 660,865 

VALUE OF CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT AWARDS: 1978 

(In millions of dollars) $ 2,836 

PORT OF BALTIMORE TRADE: 1978 

Imports 

Tonnage (2,000 lbs.) 19,184,697 

Value ($1,000) $ 4,898,415 

Exports 

Tonnage (2,000 lbs.) 14,339,178 

Value ($1,000) $ 6,444,505 

ASSESSABLE BASE FOR TAXATION: FISCAL YEAR 1980 

Total Assessable Tax Base $ 40.4 

Real Property Tax Base 30.5 

(In billions of dollars) _4_ 



NO. 2 
MARYLAND HIGHLIGHTS 

ALL ACTIVE BANKS IN MARYLAND: DECEMBER 31, 1977 
(In millions of dollars) 

Total Assets $ 13,791 

Total Liabilities 12,762 

NUMBER OF MOTOR VEHICLES REGISTERED : 

MARCH 1, 19 78 THROUGH APRIL 30, 1979 2,856,781 

VOTER REGISTRATION: OCTOBER 9, 1978 1,888,313 



SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE BALTIMORE SMSA 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 

NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 

Baltimore Anne 

City Arundel Baltimore Carroll Harford Howard 

Population Indicators 

Population 

1978 789,700 361,200 638,900 92,500 146,200 116,600 

Rank 15 3 10 6 7 

Percent Change: 

1970-78 -1.7 2.4 0.4 3.7 3.0 8.1 

Rank 24 8 19 4 7 1 

Employment Indicators : By Place of Residence 
Civilian Labor Force 



1978 


405,200 


164,700 


309,900 


40,000 


66, 1( 


Percent Change: 
1975-78 
Rank 


-2.9 
23 


8.3 

4 


-0.1 
21 


7.0 
6 


11.2 

3 


Total Employment 
1978 


374,200 


157,200 


290,900 


38,000 


62, 8( 


Percent Change: 
1975-78 
Rank 


-2.2 
24 


8.7 
4 


-0.4 
22 


7.0 

7 


12.0 
3 


Unemployment Rate 
1978 
Rank 


7.6 
15 


4.6 
6 


6.1 
10 


5.0 
8 


5.0 
9 



(continued on following page) 



Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 

Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



ZZ8 

ih 

% S3 






= e & 3 6 



gas £=£££* 






Income Indicators 



Per Capita 


Persona] 


Income 


1977 




Rank 




Percent 


Change : 


1972- 


77 


Rank 





NO. 3a 
SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE BALTIMORE SMSA 



altimore Anne 
City Arundel 



6,567 
7 



8.3 
12 



7,163 
6 



Baltimore Carroll Harford 



7,965 
3 



6,380 
11 



Public Sector Revenue 

and Expenditure Indicators 

Operating Budget: FY 1979 
($000,000) 

Tax Base: FY 197 9 
($000,000) 

Property Tax Rates Per $100 
of Assessed Valuation: FY 19 

Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 

Transfer Revenue 
as a Fraction of 
Total Revenue 



1,113.5 



.(a) 



6.9 

19 



$2.15 



9.3 



5,16 



$391 



6.5 

21 



$2.41 



$280 

14 



9.5 
7 



$492 
4 



Fiscal 1978 
Rank 

Per Pupil School 
Expenditures 








0.61 
3 

$1,730 
10 


0.39 

17 

$1,684 
11 




0.29 
20 

$1,978 
2 




0.39 
18 

$1,410 
24 


0.50 
10 

$1,573 
18 


0.2' 

21 

$1,81 
9 


Fiscal 1978 
Rank 


(a) 

These rates are 


set 


by 


the 


political subdivisions and 


do 


not incl 


lid 


s the State 


tax rate 


which 



is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1980. Also, the user is cautioned that there are certain ad- 
ditional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 

Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 
Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development, Digest of Maryland Taxes 

and Fees 1979-1980 . 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 



SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE WASHINGTON, D.C. SMSA 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 



Population Indicators 

Population 
1978 
Rank 



67,100 
12 



Montgomery 



Prince 
George 's 



662,200 



Percent Change: 
1970-78 
Rank 



4.4 
3 



1.2 
15 



Employment Indicators : By Place of Residence 
Civilian Labor Force 



304,900 



358,600 



Percent Change: 
1975-78 
Rank 



21.1 
1 



7.1 

5 



4.7 
11 



Total Employment 
1978 



32,300 



294,200 



Percent Change: 
1975-78 
Rank 



22.0 
1 



7.2 
6 



4.8 
15 



Unemployment Rate 
1978 
Rank 



3.4 
2 



3.5 
3 



4.0 

4 



(continued on following page) 



*Less than 0.05 percent. 

Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 

Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 

-9- 






X> O 0J 



•^ ^ o\ <t \. 



» p « .> « • « 

f ^ oo vo <r r- <i- r 



Hi; 

3 O C 

•H OJ OJ 

' 6 tj | 
O CO >> 



momooiot 



00 -* vOH c 



- C ^ 4J C 



?> OJ CO 

P. }) K O 



O CD CO -H H 
< 4J 4J f- M 



•^ 



3 !> e -h 1 

O U U i _ 

i-l .H CO 60 fc -H 







p 


X> 




H 














O J-> cfl 






W 


0X3 


H (0 


c 




CL-H CO 








C 




o 


3 


CO .H OJ 




c 






n a 


2 


Q 


C "H r-l 




CO 


CO 


c 


c c 






to W O 




C 




§ 


cS£ 






£ S £ 


£ 


fa 


OS 



ceo 

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o o 



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« .8 S I 

C co OJ O 

i H m & 

O 3 C OJ 

nam 



NO. 3b 
SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE WASHINGTON, D.C. SMSA 



Cncome Indicators 



Per Capita 
Personal Income 

1977 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1972-77 
Rank 



6,253 
12 



Montgomery 



11,055 

1 



9.4 
3 



Prince 
George' s 



7,749 
4 



9.7 

1 



Public Sector Revenue 

and Expenditure Indicators 

Operating Budget: FY 1979 
($000,000) 

Tax Base: FY 1979 
($000,000) 

Property Tax Rates Per $100 

of Assessed Valuation: FY 1980 ^ a ^ 

Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 

Transfer Revenue 
as a Fraction of 
Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 

Rank 

Per Pupil School 
Expenditures 
Fiscal 1978 
Rank 



26.6 



667.5 



$2.24 



$318 
9 



4.8 
23 



0.53 



$1,655 
12 



$2.35 



$602 
2 



9.3 
9 



0.23 
24 



$2,328 
1 



443.6 

5,045.6 

$3.04 



$426 
5 



9.0 
13 



0.36 
19 



$1,929 



(a) 

v These rates are set by the political subdivisions and do not include the State tax rate which 

is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1980. Also, the user is cautioned that there are certain ad- 
ditional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 

Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 
Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development, Digest of Maryland Taxes 

and Fees 1979-1980 . 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 



SELECTED INDICATORS FOR WESTERN MARYLAND 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 



Allegany Garrett Washington 



Population Indicators 



Population 

1978 107,900 79,600 25,900 

Rank 9 11 20 



79,600 


11 


-0.7 


23 



Percent Change: 

1970-78 3.0 -0.7 2.4 0.7 

Rank 6 23 9 17 

Employment Indicators : By Place of Residence 

Civilian Labor Force 

1978 44,400 31,000 11,400 50,70 

Percent Change: 

1975-78 2.7 -2.9 4.1 2.6 

Rank 18 24 16 19 

Total Employment 

1978 " 42,100 27,900 10,100 47,20 

Percent Change: 

1975-78 3.9 0.5 3.6 4.2 

Rank 

Unemployment Rate 
1978 
Rank 



19 21 20 17 



6.8 
13 



(continued on following page) 



Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 

Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



H CO r-t o -H 



. Q Q . Q Q 



"jgS 



■> O O — I r- 



HE 



o vo m '/i * vo < 



o o o-i o < 



r O co r- o r 



£■3 3 % 



a; cu 



11 



1.-0 e 






tj B a : 



3 6 -H CO -H to 3 2 Q (J i 

a oo fa -h o rt u : 

- < S u s H 

O S o o , - 

H H H -U- 



U Q) CD 

C E u C 



NO. 3c 
SELECTED INDICATORS FOR WESTERN MARYLAND 



Income Indicators 



Allegany 



Per Capita 
Personal Income 

1977 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1972-77 
Rank 



Public Sector Revenue 

and Expenditure Indicators 



Operating Budget: FY 1979 
($000,000) 



Tax Base: FY 1979 
($000,000) 

Property Tax Rates Per $100 

of Assessed Valuation: FY 1980 

Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 

Transfer Revenue 
as a Fraction of 
Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 

Rank 



Per Pupil School 
Expenditures 
Fiscal 1978 
Rank 



(a) 



6,400 
10 



$2.11 



$309 
10 



0.43 
15 



$1,548 
19 



5,656 
18 



$2.19 



$243 
19 



6.2 
22 



0.56 
6 



$1,648 
14 



4,224 



8.1 
15 



8.6 



$2.37 



$253 
18 



9.1 

11 



0.59 
4 



$1,437 
23 



9.6 
2 



$275 
15 



9.2 
10 



^ a ' These rates are set by the political subdivisions and do not include the State tax rate whic' 
is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1980. Also, the user is cautioned that there are certain ad- 
ditional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 

Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 
Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development, Digest of Maryland Taxes 

and Fees 1979-1980 . 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 

-14- 



NO. 3d 



SELECTED INDICATORS FOR SOUTHERN MARYLAND 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 



Population Indicators 



St. Mary's 



Population 

1978 31,500 54,100 

Rank 16 15 

Percent Change: 

1970-78 5.4 1.7 

Rank 2 10 



Employment Indicators : By Place of Residence 

Civilian Labor Force 

1978 12,900 15,000 

Percent Change: 

1975-78 5.3 -1.0 

Rank 9 22 

Total Employment 

1978 11,900 14,100 

Percent Change: 

1975-78 6.9 -0.6 

Rank 8 23 

Unemployment Rate 

1978 8.1 6.5 

Rank 17 11 



(continued on following page) 



Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 

Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



a 


<u r- 


cu 


60 1 


o 


C CM 


u 


co r-- 


CD 


£ ON 


Ph 


O --I 



vo i— i oo in — i ^,-Ninr-^/-^^-v 

Q Q . . Q Q 

— < o cn h oo w w r^ ^o ^ -^ 



O —< on o r^ 
r^ — i m *o co 
<r o <r eg cn 



on -d- ^h m 

Q q on — I 



i ,-H in r^ — i 

I O (M vO <f 



r-> o o> on co 

CM HvD 00 M 
ro O ro cni O 



CD 


-,r 


1 




C 


OJ 


1-1 






01 


-C 


0> 


Ph 


u 


<— 1 



5 • • 



co 0) 

CD 42 

H 4-1 

o o 



G c 42 o • 



i 3 U M 

CJ 42 fl 

E -H CO -H 



4-1 <4-i O 3 CO rH CD • 
CO 3 2 Q C'HH 



(1) Q) d)H r 



I W 0) CD CD 4-1 



^ CO 3 • 
}-i -H -n CO 
cfl CO X> CD 



, a) co oo co 



c cu 


rn 


e 








c n 


en 


CD CO 




h - 




4-1 CD 




H P 


j^ 


CO 


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a-Td 


o 



4-i CD C S 



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Q) -H | 

42 !-i S 

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NO. 3d 
SELECTED INDICATORS FOR SOUTHERN MARYLAND 



Dcome Indicators 



Per Capita 


Personal Income 


1977 




Rank 




'ercent 


Change : 


1972- 


77 


Rank 





St. Mary's 



5,909 5,104 

15 22 



7.4 6.8 

21 24 

* blic Sector Revenue 

i d Expenditure Indicators 

Operating Budget: FY 1979 

($000,000) 20.6 20.1 

Tax Base: FY 1979 
K$000,000) 782.3 358.6 

Property Tax Rates Per $100 

: of Assessed Valuation: FY 1980 ( a ) $2.00 $2.01 

iPer Capita 

: Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 $584 $219 

Rank 3 21 

Percent Change: 

1973-78 26.8 14.6 

Rank 1 2 

Transfer Revenue 

as a Fraction of 

Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 0.40 0.58 

Rank 16 5 

Per Pupil School 
Expenditures 
Fiscal 1978 $1,850 $1,626 

Rank 7 16 



is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1980. Also, the user is cautioned that there are certain ad- 
ditional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland, 
urce: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 
Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development, Digest of Maryland Taxes 

and Fees 1979-1980 . 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 

-17- 



SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE UPPER EASTERN SHORE 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 



Population Indicators 



Queen Anne's 



Population 
1978 
Rank 

Percent Change: 
1970-78 

Rank 



Employment Indicators : By Place of Residence 



22,500 


56,400 


16,200 


23,800 


26,800 


22 


14 


24 


21 


19 


1.6 


0.7 


* 


3.3 


1.6 


11 


16 


21 


5 


13 



Civilian Labor Force 
1978 




8,972 


23,400 




8,700 




9,400 




14,900 


Percent Change: 
1975-78 
Rank 




5.4 
8 


4.3 
15 




3.0 

17 




4.5 
14 




4.6 
12 


Total Employment 
1978 




8,200 


21,800 




7,900 




8,800 




14,300 


Percent Change: 
1975-78 
Rank 




6.5 
9 


5.1 
13 




5.5 
11 




5.5 
12 




4.9 
14 


Unemployment Rate 
1978 
Rank 




8.6 
18 


6.8 

14 




8.8 
19 




6.7 
12 




4.1 

5 














(continued on 


foil 


owing page) 


*Less than 0.05 percent 




















Source: U. S. Department of 
Maryland Department 


Commerce 
of Human 


Bureau of 
Resources , 


the Census. 
Research and 


Analysis Division. 










-18- 












) 



^h m -h o 



13 s 

a -a B 



; E i 3 E t 



III S s i^ 



NO. 3e 
SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE UPPER EASTERN SHORE 



Income Indicators 

Per Capita 
Personal Income 

1977 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1972-77 
Rank 



Public Sector Revenue 

and Expenditure Indicators 

Operating Budget: FY 1979 
($000,000) 

Tax Base: FY 1979 
($000,000) 

Property Tax Rates Per $100 

of Assessed Valuation: FY 1980 ^ 

Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 

Transfer Revenue 
as a Fraction of 
Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 

Rank 

Per Pupil School 
Expenditures 
Fiscal 1978 
Rank 



5,590 
19 



$2.16 



$202 
23 



9.0 
12 



$1,498 
21 



Caroline Cecil 



5,584 
20 



7.0 
23 



19.2 
342.8 
$2.30 



$236 

20 



7.6 
16 



0.51 



$1,440 
22 



5,765 
17 



5.9 



$2.00 



$286 
12 



7.7 
15 



0.47 
11 



$1,907 
5 



Queen Anne ' s 



5,452 
21 



7.2 
22 



$1.44 



$206 
22 



3.7 
24 



0.54 
7 



$1,538 
20 



8.6 

7 



$284 
13 



7.3 
17 



(a) 



These rates are set by the political subdivisions and do not include the State tax rate whic 
is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1980. Also, the user is cautioned that there are certain ad- 
ditional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 

urce: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 
Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development, Digest of Maryland Taxes 

and Fees 1979-1980 . 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 



SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE LOWER EASTERN SHORE 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NOTE: Percent changes are reported as average annual rates. 

Reported rankings indicate relative positions among the State's 24 
subdivisions with regard to the associated measure 





Dorchester 


Somerset 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


'opulation Indicators 










Population 
1978 
Rank 


30,600 
17 


19,100 
23 


60,600 
13 


27,800 
18 


Percent Change: 
1970-78 
Rank 


0.5 
18 


0.1 
20 


1.4 

14 


1.6 
12 



employment Indicators : By Place of Residence 
Civilian Labor Force 



Percent Change: 
1975-78 
Rank 



5.0 
10 



1.4 
20 



4.6 
13 



Total Employment 
1978 



15,100 



Percent Change: 
1975-78 
Rank 



4.4 
16 



4.1 
18 



5.7 
10 



7.6 
5 



Unemployment Rate 
1978 
Rank 



10.4 
21 



15.3 
24 



10.4 
22 



(continued on following page) 

Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 

Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



00 CT\ O C 



O —( O CN O C 



J 00 u-i O o 



H Q N*k 



Or- O ^ r- O r 



n Q O <r r- r- >£> Q r 



w -H CJ.UQ.£1H-H,-IH 

(U .-in 30in)04->rt 

60 3(U60Mn)CMD.-HU)^H 

«fc<d SOS H 5»! 



<U 0) <U r 

3^ N 



OS o 



^§£ 



? "33 



111 






g g 



NO. 3f 
SELECTED INDICATORS FOR THE LOWER EASTERN SHORE 



icome Indicators 



Per Capita 
Personal Income 

1977 

Rank 

Percent Change : 
1972-77 
Rank 



Dorchester 



5,778 
16 



7.6 
19 



4,348 
23 



7.4 
20 



6,110 

14 



7.7 
17 



6,227 
13 



8.6 
9 



hblic Sector Revenue 

' hd Expenditure Indicators 



Operating Budget: FY 1979 
($000,000) 



Tax Base: FY 1979 
($000,000) 



Property Tax Rates Per $100 

of Assessed Valuation: FY 1980 ^ 

Per Capita 
Tax Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 

Rank 

Percent Change: 
1973-78 
Rank 

Transfer Revenue 
as a Fraction of 
Total Revenue 

Fiscal 1978 

Rank 

Per Pupil School 
Expenditures 
Fiscal 1978 
Rank 



9.7 



195.0 



$2.34 



$266 
16 



6.7 
20 



0.47 
12 



$1,941 
3 



4.5 


21.5 


15.0 


03.4 


467.1 


557.0 


$1.80 


$1.70 


$1.38 



$167 
24 



9.5 
6 



0.72 

1 



$1,628 
15 



$264 



7.3 
18 



0.45 
13 



$1,586 
17 



$626 



10.1 
5 



0.27 
23 



$1,882 



; These rates are set by the political subdivisions and do not include the State tax rate which 
is set at 20c per $100 for FY 1980. Also, the user is cautioned that there are certain ad- 
ditional user charges in some subdivisions within Maryland. 

urce: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. 
Maryland Association of Counties. 
Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development, Digest of Maryland Taxes 

and Fees 1979-1980 . 
Maryland Department of Fiscal Services, Division of Fiscal Research. 
Maryland Department of Education, Division of Administration. 

-23- 



POPULATION AND VITAL STATISTICS 

The population of Maryland is estimated to have grown by 5.6 percent 
since 1970, according to data furnished by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. 

State estimates for all fifty states for the period ending July 1, 1978 
indicate that the 5.6 percent increase in Maryland's population from 1970 to 
that date is almost 2 percent below the national increase of 7.3 percent. 

As might be expected in an area as diverse as Maryland, there is con- 
siderable variance of growth among the political subdivisions of the State. 
Howard County was the fastest growing subdivision with a 86.9 percent increase 
in population over the period from April 1, 1970 to July 1, 1978. Next were 
Calvert (52.3 percent), Charles (40.7 percent), Carroll (34.0 percent), and 
Queen Anne's (29.2 percent) Counties. At the opposite extreme was Allegany 
County (-5.3 percent). Concurrently, Baltimore City showed the largest loss 
in population, with a drop of 12.8 percent indicated. 

Consistent with national growth patterns, the population shifts have been 
urban in nature. The greatest increases are to be found in metropolitan 
Baltimore, with the exception of Baltimore City, and in extensions of suburban 
metropolitan Washington, Calvert, Charles and Frederick Counties. As is 
readily seen, with the exception of Baltimore City itself, and Prince George's 
County which has experienced a considerable decrease in its growth rate, the 
political subdivisions with below average growth are predominantly rural in 
their characteristics. Approximately 83 percent of Marylanders reside in the 
Baltimore and Washington metropolitan areas, with the greater growth coming 
from Howard, Calvert and Charles Counties. 



More detailed demographic aspects are available as of this writing. 
Baltimore City contains by far the greatest concentration of non-white citi- 
zens in the State. Of the 942,670 non-white Marylanders, 433,360 or 46 
percent reside in that jurisdiction. The overall percentage of non-white 
persons in the State is 22.8, while in Baltimore City, 53.7 percent of the 
population is non-white. Of the total population estimate for the State, 
37.4 percent are white male, 39.8 percent are white female, while non-white 
males comprise 10.9 percent and non-white females, 11.9 percent. 

The birth rate of the general population in Maryland followed the de- 
clining national trend. All political subdivisions shared in this decline. 
The State's birth rate in 1976 was 12.8 per thousand population; with the 
white birth rate standing at 11.5 and the non-white at 17.1. At the same 
time, the death rate here was 7.9 per thousand, with the white death rate at 
8.1 and the non-white at 7.3. 

There were 44,616 marriages in Maryland during 1976. Roughly 16,101 
divorces and annulments were granted during that year, with 67.4 percent being 
decreed on the grounds of voluntary separation. 



POPULATION: STATE OF MARYLAND AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS, 
RANK BY PERCENT OF CHANGE: 1978 AND 1970 



POLITICAL 


JULY 1, 1978 


APRIL 1, 1970 1 


PERCENT CHANGE 


SUBDIVISION 


(Provisional) 




1970/1978 


MARYLAND 


4,143,000 


3,923,897 


5.6 


Howard 


116,600 


62,394 


86.9 


Calvert 


31,500 


20,682 


52.3 


Charles 


67,100 


47,678 


40.7 


Carroll 


92,500 


69,006 


34.0 


Queen Anne ' s 


23,800 


18,422 


29.2 


Frederick 


107,900 


84,927 


27.1 


Harford 


146,200 


115,378 


26.7 


Anne Arundel 


361,200 


298,042 


21.2 


Garrett 


25,900 


21,476 


20.6 


St. Mary's 


54,100 


47,388 


14.2 


Worcester 


27,800 


24,442 


13.7 


Caroline 


22,500 


19,781 


13.7 


Talbot 


26,800 


23,682 


13.2 


Wicomico 


60,600 


54,236 


11.7 


Montgomery 


575,900 


522,809 


10.2 


Cecil 


56,400 


53,291 


5.8 


Washington 


109,600 


103,829 


5.6 


Dorchester 


30,600 


29,405 


4.1 


Baltimore 


638,900 


620,409 


3.0 


Somerset 


19,100 


18,924 


0.9 


Kent 


16,200 


16,146 


0.3 


Prince George' s 


662,200 


661,719 


0.1 


Allegany 


79,600 


84,044 


-5.3 


Baltimore City 


789,700 


905,787 


-12.8 



^-The total for the state shown here includes all corrections to 
the 1970 census made subsequent to the release of the official 
counts. The official 1970 census count for Maryland was 
3,922,399. 

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Census, Current Population Reports, 
Series P-26, No. 78-20, issued August 1979. 



POPULATION OF THE 5U S T ATE8 AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 

RANK BY PERCENT OF CHANGE: 1978 and 1970 

(IN THOUSANDS) 



JURISDICTION 



JULY 1, 1978 
(PROVISIONAL) 



United States 


218,059 


Nevada 


660 


Alaska 


403 


Arizona 


2,354 


Wyoming 


424 


Florida 


8,594 


Utah 


1,307 


Idaho 


878 


Colorado 


2,670 


New Mexico 


1,212 


New Hampshire 


871 


Oregon 


2,444 


Hawaii 


897 


Texas 


13,014 


Arkansas 


2,186 


Montana 


785 


South Carolina 


2,918 


Oklahoma 


2,880 


California 


22,294 


Tennessee 


4,357 


Georgia 


5,084 


Virginia 


5,148 


Washington 


3,774 


Maine 


1,091 


North Carolina 


5,577 


Vermont 


487 


Louisiana 


3,966 


Kentucky 


3,498 


Alabama 


3,742 


Mississippi 


2,404 


West Virginia 


1,860 


Delaware 


583 


Wisconsin 


4,679 


MARYLAND 


4,143 


North Dakota 


652 


Nebraska 


1,565 


Minnesota 


4,008 


Kansas 


2,348 


Missouri 


4,860 


South Dakota 


690 


Michigan 


9,189 


Indiana 


5,374 


Iowa 


2,896 


New Jersey 


7,327 


Connecticut 


3,099 


Massachusetts 


5,774 


Illinois 


11,243 


Ohio 


10,749 


Pennsylvania 


11,750 


Rhode Island 


935 


Mew York 


17,748 


District of Columbia 


674 



APRIL 1, 1970 


PERCENT CHANCE 


(CENSUS) 


1970/1978 


203,235 


7.3 


489 


35.0 


302 


33.4 


1,772 


32.8 


332 


27.7 


6,789 


26.6 



2,207 

1,016 

738 



2,091 

770 

11,197 

1,923 

694 

2,591 
2,559 
19,953 
3,924 
4,590 

4,648 
3,409 



3,643 
3,219 

3,444 
2,217 
1,744 

548 
4,418 
3,922 

618 
1,484 

3,805 
2,249 
4,677 
666 
8,875 

5,194 



3,032 
5,689 

11,114 
10,652 
11,794 

950 
18,241 

757 



23.4 
23.1 
21.0 
19.3 

18.0 

16.9 

16.5 
16.2 
13.7 
13.1 

12.6 
12.5 
11.7 
11.0 
10.8 

10.8 
10.7 
9.8 
9.7 
9.4 

8.9 
8.7 
8.7 



6.4 
5.9 
5.6 
5.5 
5.5 



3.9 
3.6 
3.5 



1.5 

1.2 
0.9 
-0.4 
-1.6 
-2.7 
-11.0 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1970 , Number of Inhabitants 
United States PC (1)-A1. Current Population Reports , Series P-25, No. 794. 
-27- 



NO. 6 

POPULATION DENSITY IN THE UNITED STATES, BY STATE: 1977 





PERSONS PER 




PERSONS PER 


STATE 


SQUARE MILE 


STATE 


SQUARE MILE 


New England 




East South Central 




Maine 


35.1 


Kentucky 


87.2 


New Hampshire 


94.0 


Tennessee 


104.0 


Vermont 


52.2 


Alabama 


72.8 


Massachusetts 


738.8 


Mississippi 


50.5 


Rhode Island 


890.9 






Connecticut 


639.3 


West South Central 








Arkansas 


41.3 


Middle Atlantic 




Louisiana 


87.3 


New York 


374.7 


Oklahoma 


40.9 


New Jersey 


974.5 


Texas 


48.9 


Pennsylvania 


262.1 


Mountain 




East North Central 




Montana 


5.2 


Ohio 


261.2 


Idaho 


10.4 


Indiana 


147.7 


Wyoming 


4.2 


Illinois 


201.7 


Colorado 


25.2 


Michigan 


160.7 


New Mexico 


9.8 


Wisconsin 


85.4 


Arizona 


20.2 






Utah 


15.4 


West North Central 




Nevada 


5.8 


Minnesota 


50.1 






Iowa 


51.5 


Pacific 




Missouri 


69.6 


Washington 


54.9 


North Dakota 


9.4 


Oregon 


24.7 


South Dakota 


9.1 


California 


140.0 


Nebraska 


20.4 


Alaska 


.7 


Kansas 


28.4 


Hawaii 


139.3 


South Atlantic 









Delaware 293.4 

MARYLAND 418.4 
Dist. of Columbia 11,312.4 

Virginia 129.1 

West Virginia 77.2 

North Carolina 113.2 

South Carolina 95.1 

Georgia 86.9 

Florida 156.3 



Source: Statistical Abstrct of the U.S. 1978. 



NO. 7 
POPULATION DENSITY OF MARYLAND SUBDIVISIONS: RANKED BY DENSITY; JULY 1, 1978 



LAND AREA 
SUBDIVISION IN SQ. MI. 



POPULATION 

FOP JULY 1, 1978 

(Provisional) 



POPULATION 

DENSITY 

PEOPLE/ SQ. MI. 



MARYLAND 


9,874 


Baltimore City 


79 


Prince George' s 


485 


Montgomery- 


493 


Baltimore 


608 


Anne Arundel 


417 


Howard 


250 


Harford 


448 


Washington 


462 


Carroll 


453 


Allegany 


426 


Frederick 


664 


Cecil 


352 


Wicomico 


380 


St. Mary's 


367 


Charles 


458 


Calvert 


219 


Talbot 


279 


Caroline 


320 


Queen Anne's 


373 


Worcester 


483 


Somerset 


332 


Kent 


284 


Dorchester 


580 


Garrett 


662 



4,142,700 

789,700 

662,200 

575,900 

638,900 

361,200 

116,600 

146,200 

109,600 

92,500 

79,600 

107,900 

56,400 

60,600 

54,100 

67,100 

31,500 

26,800 

22,500 

23,800 

27,800 

19,100 

16,200 

30,600 

25,900 



419.6 

9,996.2 

1,365.4 

1,168.2 

1,050.8 

866.2 

466.4 

326.3 

237.2 

204.2 

186.9 

162.5 

160.2 

159.5 

147.4 

146.5 

143.8 

96.1 

70.3 

63.8 

57.6 

57.5 

67.0 

52.8 

39.1 



Sources: Land Area compiled by the Geography Division, Bureau of the Census, U.S. 
Department of Commerce, as reported in Maryland Manual , 1977-1978. 
U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-26, No. 
78-20, issued August 1979. 



MARYLAND POPULATION GROWTH: 18 90-1978 





INCREASE OVER 


PRECEDING CENSUS 




PERCENT 


INCREASE OF 










U.S 


. POPULATION OVER 










PRECEDING PERIOD— 










OF 


THE 


CONTERMINOUS 


YEAR 


POPULATION 


NUMBER 


PERCENT 




UNI? 


n ED STATES 1 


1978 (Prov.) 


4,142,700 


5,700 


0.1 






0.7 


1977 (Est.) 


4,137,000 


12,000 


0.3 






0.8 


1976 (Est.) 


4,125,000 


14,000 


0.3 






0.7 


1975 (Est.) 


4,111,000 


11,000 


0.3 






0.8 


1974 (Est.) 


4,100,000 


19,000 


0.5 






0.7 


1973 (Est.) 


4,081,000 


18,000 


0.4 






0.8 


1972 (Est.) 


4,063,000 


55,000 


1.4 






1.0 


1971 (Est.) 


4,008,000 


84,103 


2.1 






1.4 


1970 


3,923,897* 


823,208 


26.6 






12.8 


1960 


3,100,689 


757,688 


32.3 






18.5 


1050 


2,343,001 


521,757 


28.6 






14.4 


1940 


1,821,244 


189,718 


11.6 






7.2 


1930 


1,631,526 


181,875 


12.5 






16.1 


1920 


1,449,661 


154,315 


11.9 






14.9 


1910 


1,295,346 


107,302 


9.0 






21.0 


1900 


1,188,044 


145,654 


14.0 






20.7 


1890 


1,042,390 


107,447 


11.5 






25.5 



-■-All years exclude Hawaii and Alaska. 

*The total for the state shown here includes all corrections to the 1970 Census made 
subsequent to the release of the official counts. The official 19 70 Census count for 
Maryland was 3,922,399. 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1971-1978 data obtained from Current Population 

Reports, Series P-25, No. 734 (November 1978), No. 794 (March 1979). 

-30- 



NO. 9 



COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE DUE TO NIC-RATION AND 
NATURAL INCREASE RY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970-1977 



Subdivision 


Total Change 


Allegany 


-4.0 


Anne Arundel 


19.3 


Baltimore 


3.8 


Baltimore City 


-11.1 


Calvert 


44.2 


Caroline 


10.1 


Carroll 


28.0 


Cecil 


4.5 


Charles 


34.9 


Dorchester 


5.5 


Frederick 


22.5 


Garrett 


20.9 


Harford 


24.4 


Howa rd 


77.1 


Kent 


1.8 


Montgomery 


9.6 


Prince George' s 


1.6 


Queen Anne' s 


21.5 


St . Mary' s 


11.7 


Somerset 


5.2 


Talbot 


9.0 


Washington 


4.5 


Wicomico 


10.8 


Worcester 


12.3 


STATE TOTAL 


5.5 



Natural Change 



Migration 
Change 



0.6 
7.2 
3.0 
1.8 
7.5 
1.4 
4.2 
6.3 
9.2 

-0.3 
4.8 
4.5 
8.1 
8.8 
0.0 
5.0 
8.3 
0.5 

11.1 
0.0 

-0.8 
3.0 
2.6 
1.2 

4.5 



-4.6 

12.7 

0.8 

-12.9 

36.7 

8.7 

23.8 

1.8 

25.7 

5.8 

17.7 

16.4 

16.3 

68.3 

1.8 

4.6 

-6.7 

21.0 

0.6 

5.2 

9.8 

1.5 

8.2 

11.1 

1.0 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports , Series P-26, 
No. 77-20, issued March 1979. 



MIGRATION TO AND FROM MARYLAND: 1965-1970 



FROM MARYLAND 



TO MARYLAND 



8,387 
2,334 
6,084 



11,785 
2,548 
6,242 



Middle Atlantic 
New York 
New Jersey 
Pennsylvania 

East North Cent: 



North Central 



18,258 

15,244 
31,686 



4,025 
8,677 
6,226 
2,303 



35,822 

20,051 
42,881 



17,235 
5,299 

10,828 
7,599 
3,246 



North Dakota 


367 


South Dakota 


244 


Nebraska 


884 


Kansas 


2,222 


South Atlantic 




Delaware 


9,191 


MARYLAND (internal flow) 


116,600 


District of Columbia 


12,022 


Virginia 


43,293 


West Virginia 


9,891 


North Carolina 


13,020 


South Carolina 


5,678 


Georgia 


7,181 


Florida 


27,852 


Fast South Central 




Kentucky 


3,625 


Tennessee 


4,852 


Alabama 


2,910 


Mississippi 


1,122 



6,492 

71,371 
50,002 
12,605 
14,070 
5,633 
7,303 
16,748 



3,245 


5,427 


4,348 


1,760 


1,123 


3,338 



4,719 
1,222 
2,894 



Washington 
Oregon 
California 
Alaska 

MARYLAND TOTAL 



3,596 

1,294 

25,551 

1,364 



3,253 
1,487 
24,487 
1,320 
3,596 

448,041 



Final Report PC (2) 2E, 1970, U.S. Run 



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-a 4_i 



NO. 13 



COMPARATIVE POPULATION ESTIMATES AM: VITAL STATISTICS DATA, RY RACE 
FOR MARYLAND REGIONS: 1976 

















INFANT 




POPULATION 






INFANT 


BIRTH 


DEATH,. 
RATE U; 


MORTALITY 

ratf/ ; 


RACE AND RECION 


1976 


BIRTHS 


DEATHS 


DEATHS 


rate(D 


Total 


4,125,300 


52,672 


32,563 


909 


12.8 


7.9 


17.3 


Northwest Area 


315,530 


3,889 


2,935 


46 


12.3 


9.3 


11.8 


Baltimore Metro Area 


2,139,740 


26,970 


18,978 


502 


12.6 


8.9 


18.6 


Nat'l Capital Area 


1,243,850 


16,066 


6,955 


264 


12.9 


5.6 


16.4 


Southern Area 


143,020 


2,265 


870 


41 


15.8 


6.1 


18.1 


Eastern Shore Area 


278,160 


3,482 


2,825 


56 


12.5 


10.2 


16.1 


White 


3,216,330 


37,098 


2 5,928 


508 


11.5 


8.1 


13.7 


Northwest Area 


302,720 


3,705 


2,845 


45 


12.2 


9.4 


12.1 


Baltimore Metro Area 


1,596,770 


17,842 


14,204 


261 


11.2 


8.9 


14.6 


Nat'l Capital Area 


987,050 


11,317 


6,057 


154 


11.5 


6.1 


13.6 


Southern Area 


110,300 


1,729 


628 


17 


15.7 


5.7 


9.8 


Eastern Shore Area 


219,490 


2,505 


2,194 


31 


11.4 


10.0 


12.4 


Nonwhite 


908,970 


15,574 


6,635 


401 


17.1 


7.3 


25.7 


Northwest Area 


12,810 


184 


90 


1 


14.4 


7.0 


5.4 


Baltimore Metro Area 


542,970 


9,123 


4,774 


241 


16.8 


8.8 


26.4 


Nat'l Capital Area 


261,800 


4,749 


898 


110 


18.1 


3.4 


23.2 


Southern Area 


32,720 


536 


242 


24 


16.4 


7.4 


44.8 


Eastern Shore Area 


58,670 


977 


631 


25 


16.7 


10.8 


25.6 



t^Per 1,000 population 
(2)per 1,000 live births. 

*Asterisk indicates rates based on a frequency of less than 10. 

Note: The geographic regions of the State and the political subdivisions they include are: 



Northwest 
Area 



Southern 
Area 



altimore Metro 
Area 



National Capital 
Area 



Eastern Shore 
Area 



Garrett 

Allegany 

Washingtonn 

Frederick 



Calvert 
Charles 

St. Mary's 



Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

AnneArundel 

Carroll 

Howard 

Harford 



Montgomery 
Prince George's 



Cecil 
Kent 

Queen Anne's 
Caroline 
Talbot 
Dorchester 
Wicomico 
Somerset 
Worcester 
Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1976. 



-35- 



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NO. 16 










MARRIAGE BY RESIDENT STATUS AND TYPE 


OF CEREMONY, BY 


POLITICAL 






SUBDIVISION 


OF OCCURRENCE: 1976 










MARRIAGE BY RESIDENCE 1 


TYPE OF CEREMONY 


POLITICAL SUB- 
DIVISION OF 
















MARYLAND 
TOTAL RESIDENTS 


NON-RESIDENTS 3 
NUMBER PERCENT 


RELIGIOUS 


CIVIL 


OCCURRENCE 


NUMBER 


PERCENT 


MARYLAND 


44,616 


34,070 


10,546 


23.6 


29,509 


15,107 


33.9 


Allegany 


1,297 


723 


574 


44.3 


855 


442 


34.1 


Anne Arundel 


3,104 


2,826 


278 


9.0 


2,379 


725 


23.4 


Baltimore City 


7,344 


6,990 


354 


4.8 


5,130 


2,214 


30.1 


Baltimore 


5,496 


5,235 


261 


4.7 


4,352 


1,144 


20.8 


Calvert 


227 


214 


13 


5.7 


182 


45 


19.8 


Caroline 


444 


232 


212 


47.7 


347 


97 


21.8 


Carroll 


838 


687 


151 


18.0 


576 


262 


31.3 


Cecil 


4,825 


784 


4,041 


83.8 


1,606 


3,219 


66.7 


Charles 


565 


454 


111 


19.6 


326 


239 


42.3 


Dorchester 


284 


263 


21 


7.4 


255 


29 


10.2 


Frederick 


996 


843 


153 


15.4 


769 


227 


22.8 


Garrett 


985 


258 


727 


73.8 


559 


426 


43.2 


Harford 


1,343 


1,037 


306 


22.8 


864 


479 


35.7 


Howard 


997 


944 


53 


5.3 


646 


351 


35.2 


Kent 


172 


136 


36 


20.9 


126 


46 


26.7 
29.4 


Montgomery 


5,442 


4,329 


1,113 


20.5 


3,841 


1,601 


Prince George' s 


5,951 


5,187 


764 


12.8 


3,716 


2,235 


37.6 


Queen Anne's 


145 


131 


14 


9.7 


122 


23 


15.9 


St. Mary's 


462 


444 


18 


3.9 


292 


17 


36.8 


Somerset 


180 


154 


26 


14.4 


144 


36 


20.0 


Talbot 


322 


287 


35 


10.9 


268 


54 


16.8 


Washington 


1,932 


1,011 


921 


47.7 


1,179 


753 


39.0 


Wicomico 


799 


624 


175 


21.9 


614 


185 


23.2 


Worcester 


466 


277 


189 


40.6 


361 


105 


22.5 


^Marriages refer 


to the 


number of 


ceremonies performec 


, not the 


number 


of persons married 


^One or both partners residents of 


Maryland 
























-^Both partners non-resic 


ents of Ma 


ryland. 










Source: Maryland Department of He 


alth and 


Mental Hygiene, Maryl 


and Center for 


Health 


Statistics, Annual 


Vital Statistics Report, 1<>76 












-38- 









BIRTHS AND BIRTH RATES BY RACE FOR MARYLAND AND POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISIONS: 1976 







NUMBER OF BIRTHS 




RIR^H RAT 


ES (D 


POLITICAL 














SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


WHITE 


NONWHITE 


TOTAL 


WHITE 


NONWHITE 


MARYLAND 


52,672 


37,098 


15,574 


12.8 


11.5 


17.1 


Allegany 


889 


871 


18 


10.9 


10.9 


12.9 


Anne Arundel 


4,667 


3,991 


676 


13.3 


13.0 


16.0 


Baltimore City 


11,199 


3,931 


7,26*; 


13.7 


10.1 


16.9 


Baltimore 


6,743 


6,017 


726 


10.5 


10.1 


16.7 


Calvert 


473 


316 


157 


16.9 


15.9 


19.4 


Caroline 


283 


224 


59 


12.9 


12.5 


14.2 


Carroll 


1,016 


972 


44 


12.0 


11.9 


15.2 


Cecil 


780 


728 


52 


14.1 


13.9 


18.0 


Charles 


901 


667 


234 


14.4 


14.0 


15.7 


Dorchester 


365 


214 


151 


12.1 


10.3 


16.0 


Frederick 


1,369 


1,263 


106 


13.7 


13.6 


15.9 


Garrett 


374 


374 


— 


15.0 


15.1 


0.0 


Harford 


1,984 


1,762 


222 


14.2 


13.8 


18.4 


Howard 


1,361 


1,169 


192 


13.1 


12.9 


14.4 


Kent 


158 


107 


51 


9.5 


8.4 


12.8 


Montgomery 


6,590 


5,537 


1,053 


11.5 


10.8 


17.8 


Prince George's 


9,476 


5,780 


3,696 


14.0 


12.2 


18.3 


Queen Anne' s 


236 


173 


63 


10.9 


10.0 


15.0 


St. Mary's 


891 


746 


145 


17.0 


17.4 


14.9 


Somerset 


257 


137 


120 


12.9 


11.0 


16.2 


Talbot 


272 


193 


79 


10.5 


9.6 


13.9 


Washington 


1,257 


1,197 


60 


11.5 


11.5 


12.9 


Wicomico 


786 


529 


257 


13.2 


11.3 


19.9 


Worcester 


345 


200 


145 


12.7 


10.4 


18.1 



(1) 



Per 1,000 population. 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report, 1976. 



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1975 
1974 
1973 



SELECTED MORTALITY DATA BY RACE, MARYLAND AND THE UNITED STATES: 
1973-1976 









DEATH RATES 


(1) 










TOTAL 


WHITE 




NONWHITE 


YEAR 


MARYLAND 


UNITED 
STATES 


MARYLAND 


UNITED 
STATES 


MARYLAND 


UNITED 

STATES 


1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 


7.9 
7.8 
8.1 
8.1 


8.9 
8.9 
9.2 
9.4 


8.1 
8.0 
8.2 
8.2 


9.0 
9.0 
9.2 
9.4 


7.3 
7.1 
7.5 
7.8 


8.2 
8.3 
8.7 
9.1 



INFANT DEATH RATES PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS^ 2 ) 



17.3 


15.2 


13.7 


13.3 


25.7 


23.5 


17.6 


lb.l 


15.6 


14.2 


22.5 


24.2 


15.9 


16.7 


14.1 


14.8 


20.7 


24.9 


15.8 


17.7 


13.9 


15.8 


21.2 


26.2 



NEONATAL DEATH RATES PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS^ 3 ) 



1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 



13.1 


10.9 


10.4 


9.7 


19.8 


16.3 


13.3 


11.6 


12.0 


10.4 


16.6 


16.8 


11.9 


12.3 


10.6 


11.1 


15.5 


17.2 


11.3 


13.0 


9.9 


11.8 


15.0 


17.9 



^■^Death rates are per 1,000 population. 
' 2 ^Death occurring to a person under one year. 
(3)Death occurring to a person under 28 days. 
Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1976. 



Maryland Center for Health 



-41- 



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C 



DEATHS AND DEATH RATES BY RACE FOR MARYLAND 
AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS: 1976 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF DEATHS 



DEATH RATES^ 1 ) 



MARYLAND 



32,563 



25,92 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne 1 s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



931 


915 


16 


11.4 


11.4 


11.4 


2,078 


1,807 


271 


5.9 


5.9 


6.4 


9,835 


5,738 


4,097 


12.0 


14.7 


9.6 


5,167 


4,927 


240 


8.0 


8.2 


5.5 


224 


165 


59 


8.0 


8.3 


7.3 


229 


198 


31 


10.4. 


11.0 


7.5 


623 


603 


20 


7.4 


7.4 


6.9 


407 


381 


26 


7.4 


7.3 


9.0 


371 


257 


114 


5.9 


5.4 


7.7 


345 


228 


117 


11.4 


11.0 


12.4 


744 


699 


45 


7.5 


7.5 


6.7 


259 


259 


— 


10.4 


10.5 


— 


825 


7 34 


91 


5.9 


5.7 


7.6 


450 


395 


55 


4.3 


4.4 


4.1 


178 


136 


42 


10.7 


10.7 


10.5 


3,544 


3,302 


242 


6.2 


6.4 


4.1 


3,411 


2,755 


656 


5.1 


5.8 


3.2 


225 


170 


55 


10.4 


9.8 


13.1 


275 


206 


69 


5.2 


4.8 


7.1 


233 


170 


63 


11.7 


13.7 


8.5 


296 


227 


69 


11.4 


11.3 


12.3 


1,001 


972 


29 


9.2 


9.3 


6.2 


598 


452 


146 


10.0 


9.7 


11.4 


314 


232 


82 


11.5 


12.1 


10.2 



(Dper 1,000 population. 

Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1976. 



EDUCATION 

Education has been standing in the spotlight of publicity throughout the 
Seventies. Nearly 810,000 people were enrolled in public schools throughout 
Maryland in 1978. Following the national trend, elementary school enrollment 
has been declining due to decreases in the population of persons of elementary 
school age. Despite the decreases in births, nursery school attendance has 
been climbing. While most formal education takes place in the public school 
environment, approximately three-fourths of nursery school enrollment is in 
private schools. 

On a statewide basis, the cost per pupil has risen to $1,843 and the 
number of pupils per teacher and administrator has declined to 16.7 

Public high schools in Maryland graduated nearly 56,000 students in 
1978, roughly the same number recorded two years earlier. The percentage of 
1978 graduate (42 percent) continuing into higher education remained virtually 
unchanged . 

Over 28,000 full time students were enrolled for the Fall 1978 term in 
the 20 two-year colleges here. If one includes part time students, the figure 
exceeds 87,000. The 28 four-year colleges and universities comprised a full 
time undergraduate enrollment approaching 69,000 students. Added to this figure 
are almost 30,000 part time students and 30,000 graduate students, bringing the 
total to over 215,000 students enrolled in institutions of higher education in 
Maryland. 



-44- 



NUMBER OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 
SEPTEMBER 30, 1978 



POLITICAL 










SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


ELEMENTARY* 


SECONDARY 


COMBINED^ 1 ) 


MARYLAND 


1,335 


859 


329 


147 


Allegany 


30 


19 


8 


3 


Anne Arundel 


110 


74 


23 


13 


Baltimore City 


199 


128 


55 


16 


Baltimore 


165 


111 


45 


9 


Calvert 


14 


7 


3 


4 


Caroline 


9 


4 


4 


1 


Carroll 


29 


16 


5 


8 


Cecil 


27 


16 


6 


5 


Charles 


29 


17 


5 


7 


Dorchester 


15 


7 


3 


5 


Frederick 


38 


22 


11 


5 


Garrett 


17 


12 


2 


3 


Harford 


41 


26 


8 


7 


Howard 


47 


26 


9 


12 


Kent 


8 


4 


1 


3 


Montgomery 


186 


127 


49 


10 


Prince George' s 


226 


156 


63 


7 


Queen Anne' s 


9 


5 


1 


3 


St. Mary' s 


26 


18 


4 


4 


Somerset 


14 


6 


3 


5 


Talbot 


11 


6 


3 


2 


Washington 


46 


30 


7 


9 


Wicomico 


24 


15 


7 


2 


Worcester 


15 


7 


4 


4 



* Includes one one-teacher school in Somerset. 

'1 'Includes middle and other schools. 

Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Division of Research, 
Evaluation, and Information Systems, Number of Maryland Public 
Schools by Organization, Enrollment, and Staff, September 30 , 
1978, April 1979 report. 



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AVERAGE NUMBER OF PUPILS BELONGING PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL, 
MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1977-78 SCHOOL YEAR 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION TOTAL ELEMENTARY 



MARYLAND 16.7 17.6 15.9 

Allegany 17.5 18.3 16.9 

Anne Arundel 17.4 19.1 16.0 

Baltimore City 16.3 16.4 16.1 

Baltimore 15.6 17.0 14.5 

Calvert 16.6 16.2 16.9 

Caroline 16.4 16.4 16.4 

Carroll 18.3 22.6 15.2 

Cecil 18.3 20.5 16.4 

Charles 17.7 20.8 15.4 

Dorchester 14.9 14.9 14.8 

Frederick 18.0 16.4 20.1 

Garrett 17.8 17.3 18.4 



Harford 17.0 18.2 15.9 

Howard 17.1 19.8 15.1 

Kent 15.7 13.3 18.5 

Montgomery 16.2 17.5 15.1 

Prince George's 17.5 17.4 17.6 

Queen Anne's 17.6 17.3 17.8 

St. Mary's 17.1 18.8 15.5 

Somerset 15.5 17.7 13.7 

Talbot 14.5 16.3 13.3 

Washington 17.5 20.3 15.3 

Wicomico 16.1 17.0 15.3 

Worcester 14.7 13.9 15.5 



Source: Unpublished data furnished by Maryland State Department of Education. 



17.5 


18.3 


17.4 


19.1 


16.3 


16.4 


15.6 


17.0 


16.6 


16.2 


16.4 


16.4 


18.3 


22.6 


18.3 


20.5 


17.7 


20.8 


14.9 


14.9 


18.0 


16.4 


17.8 


17.3 


17.0 


18.2 


17.1 


19.8 


15.7 


13.3 


16.2 


17.5 


17.5 


17.4 


17.6 


17.3 


17.1 


18.8 


15.5 


17.7 


14.5 


16.3 


17.5 


20.3 


16.1 


17.0 


14.7 


13.9 



-48- 



ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY TEACHERS AND 
PRINCIPALS IN MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 
1979 AND 1974 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



PERCENT CHANGE 
(1979/1974) 



MARYLAND 



45,494 



45,094 



Allegan-" 
Anne Aru iel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



802 
4,009 
8,213 
6,382 

425 



815 
3,787 
8,267 
6,589 

331 



-1.6 
5.9 
-0.7 
-3.1 
28.4 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



271 
,047 
692 
947 
351 



264 
959 



789 
338 



2.7 

9.2 

12.7 

20.0 

3.8 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



1,269 

314 
1,799 
1,392 

188 



1,076 

297 
1,722 
1,174 

205 



17.9 

5.7 

4.5 

18.6 

-8.3 



Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne ' s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



6,282 

7,366 

266 

671 

245 



6,627 

7,636 

239 

592 

224 



-5.2 
-3.5 
11.3 
13.3 

9.4 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



281 

1,157 

759 

366 



291 

1,167 

722 

369 



-3.4 

-0.9 

5.1 

-0.8 



Maryland State Department of Education, Division of Administration, 
Staff Employed at School and Central Office Levels, Maryland Public 
Schools, 1978-79 and 1973-74. 











NO. 27 
















COST PER 


PUPIL 


BELONGING 
POLITICAL 


CURRENT EXPENSES, 
SUBDIVISION: 1978- 


MARYLAND 
79 SCHOOL 


PUBLIC 
YEAR 


SCHOOLS, 


BY 




POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 








TOTAL 






STATE 


AID 


PER 


PUPIL 


($) 


Maryland Average 






1,843 








$ 


343 







Montgomery 2,328 186 

Baltimore 1,978 2 75 

Dorchester 1,941 395 

Prince George's 1,929 353 

Kent 1,907 327 

Worcester 1,882 81 

Calvert 1,850 304 

Talbot 1,816 162 

Howard 1,811 270 

Baltimore City 1,730 443 

Anne Arundel 1,684 364 

Charles 1,655 409 

Washington 1,650 401 

Allegany 1,648 434 

Somerset 1,628 460 

St. Mary's 1,626 428 

Wicomico 1,586 387 

Harford 1,573 410 

Frederick 1,548 369 

Queen Anne's 1,538 331 

Caroline 1,498 463 

Cecil 1,440 434 

Garrett 1,437 426 

Carrol 1,410 383 

Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Facts About Maryland Public Education , 

1978-79. 



AVERAGE SALARY^ "^ PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL, MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1977-78 SCHOOL YEAR 







ALL PUBLIC SCHOOLS 




ELEMENTARY 




SECONDARY 




POLITICAL 




PRIN- 
CIPALS^ } 


TEA- 




PRIN- 
CIPALS^ ' 


TEA- 




PRIN- 


, TEA- 


SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


CHERS 


TOTAL 


CHERS 


TOTAL 


CIPALS U; CHERS 


MARYLAND 


$16,088 


$25,160 


$15,616 


$15,558 


$25,023 


$15,020 


$16,630 


$25,328 


$16,221 


Allegany 


14,661 


20,769 


14,334 


14,306 


20,204 


14,012 


14,976 


21,216 


14,623 


Anne Arundel 


16,553 


26,361 


16,094 


16,270 


25,447 


15,812 


16,903 


27,669 


16,441 


Baltimore City 15,040 


20,926 


14,756 


14,807 


20,705 


14,507 


15,290 


21,191 


15,021 


Baltimore 


17,403 


27,339 


16,836 


17,008 


27,373 


16,253 


17,728 


27,293 


17,302 


Calvert 


15,193 


25,708 


15,745 


14,913 


24,868 


14,446 


15,578 


26,735 


14,988 


Caroline 


11,870 


19,341 


11,518 


12,114 


20,331 


11,825 


11,645 


18,780 


11,227 


Carroll 


13,061 


20,398 


12,688 


12,885 


20,487 


12,496 


13,283 


20,283 


12,931 


Cecil 


13,702 


22,574 


13,217 


12,376 


22,344 


11,879 


15,623 


22,845 


15,176 


Charles 


14,653 


23,395 


14,233 


14,125 


23,286 


13,712 


15,368 


23,525 


14,943 


Dorchester 


14,048 


20,664 


13,573 


13,554 


21,030 


13,009 


14,685 


20,175 


14,30C 


Frederick 


14,133 


23,098 


13,268 


13,671 


23,218 


13,094 


14,848 


22,877 


14,447 


Garrett 


11,819 


18,532 


11,437 


11,212 


17,879 


10,753 


12,720 


20,177 


12,425 


Harford 


14,080 


21,904 


13,710 


14,089 


22,010 


13,632 


14,069 


21,690 


13,804 


Howard 


15,402 


25,144 


14,909 


15,444 


26,359 


14,918 


15,368 


24,263 


14,902 


Kent 


11,899 


19,716 


11,475 


11,691 


20,470 


11,202 


12,318 


18,069 


12,022 


Montgomery 


18,806 


31,387 


18,156 


18,420 


32,067 


17,631 


19,129 


30,685 


18,591 


Prince George 


sl7,445 


28,010 


16,897 


16,507 


28,029 


15,857 


18,400 


27,988 


17,946 


Queen Anne ' s 


13,805 


21,283 


13,429 


13,894 


21,492 


13,458 


13,713 


20,999 


13,39S 


St. Mary's 


13,636 


21,456 


13,199 


13,186 


22,108 


12,696 


14,281 


20,551 


13,924 


Somerset 


11,397 


16,253 


10,991 


11,461 


15,406 


11,082 


11,337 


17,288 


10,906 


Talbot 


11,059 


19,748 


10,616 


9,468 


19,750 


8,999 


13,514 


19,747 


13,14! 


Washington 


14,071 


21,774 


13,680 


13,680 


20,674 


13,282 


14,416 


22,983 


14,026 


Wicomico 


13,314 


19,320 


12,878 


13,394 


18,722 


12,906 


13,239 


20,226 


12,851 


Worcester 


14,824 


23,011 


14,406 


14,281 


20,570 


13,973 


15,351 


25,208 


14,826 



(1) 

(2) 



Excludes aides. 

Includes principals and assistant principals classified according to time spent in 
teaching and administrative responsibilities. 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Division of Administration, Selected 
Financial Data, Maryland Public Schools, 1977-78, Part I , (May, 1979). 



HOLDING POWER OF PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS IN MARYLAND, 
1968-1978 



9TH GRADE ENROLLMENT 
FOUR YEARS EARLIER 



73,375 
72,350 
72,040 
70,460 
67,812 
65,303 
62,802 
58,965 
58,753 
56,706 
54,065 



YEAR 


OF 


NUMBER OF 


GRADUATION 


GRADUATES 


1978 




55,880 


1977 




55,503 


1976 




56,063 


1975 




55,336 


1974 




54,128 


1973 




52,813 


1972 




50,370 


1971 




48,219 


1970 




46,462 


1969 




44,583 


1968 




42,631 



GRADUATES AS 

PERCENTAGE OF 

9TH GRADE ENROLLME : 




(l)Holding power refers to the number of graduates as percentage of 9th grade enrollment 
four years earlier. 



Source: Maryland Department of Education, Facts About Maryland Public Education, 1978-79 . 













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SOURCE OF CURRENT FUNDS AND DISBURSEMENTS, MARYLAND 
PUBLIC SCHOOLS: SCHOOL YEAR 1978-79 



INCOME SOURCE OR 
DISBURSEMENT 



AMOUNT 
($) 



PERCENT OF TOTAL 



Income Source 

Federal Funds 

State Funds 

Local Funds 

Disbursements 

Instruction 

Maintenance and Operation 

Other (1) 

Pupil Transportation 

Administration 



$134,135,231 

540,418,285 
899,687,287 

963,361,034 

202,256,080 

274,032,037 

68,782,138 

35,721,989 




(1) Includes fixed charges, outgoing transfers, pupil personnel services, health services, 
food services, student body activities, community services, food service programs, 
teachers' retirement and Social Security. 

Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Facts About Maryland Public Education , 

1978-79. 



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-55- 



NO. 33 
ENROLLMENT IN STATE ACCREDITED TWO YEAR COLLEGES: 1978 



Allegany Community College (1) 

Anne Arundel Community College (1) 

Catonsville Community College (1) 

Cecil Community College (1) 

Charles County Community College (1) 

Chesapeake College (1) 

Community College of Baltimore (1) 

Dundalk Community College (1) 

Essex Community College (1) 

Frederick Community College (1) 

Garrett Community College (1) 

Hagerstown Business College (2) 

Hagerstown Junior College (1) 

Harford Community College (1) 

Howard Community College (1) 

Maryland College of Art and Design (2) 

Montgomery College (1) 

Prince George' s Community College (1) 

Villa Julie College (2) 

Wor-Wic Tech Community College (1) 

TOTAL ENROLLMENT 



FULL TIME 
TOTAL 



PART TIME 
TOTAL 



1,179 


612 


1,791 


2,064 


4,438 


6,502 


2,545 


8,467 


11,012 


280 


929 


1,209 


890 


2,572 


3,462 


426 


1,013 


1,439 


3,540 


4,713 


8,253 


573 


1,752 


2,325 


2,631 


7,143 


9,774 


552 


1,189 


1,741 


2 72 


293 


565 


333 


5 


338 


866 


1,378 


2,244 


1,030 


2,644 


3,674 


600 


1,784 


2,384 


50 


55 


105 


5,631 


9,758 


15,389 


4,304 


9,524 


13,828 


372 


194 


566 


170 


292 


462 



58,755 



87,063 



(1) Public. 

(2) Private. 

Source: Unpublished data from Maryland State Board of Higher Education. 



-56- 





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-57- 



NO. 35 
FOUR YEAR STATE ACCREDITED COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN MARYLAND: 1978 (Cont'd.) 



COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY 



Towson State University 
University of Baltimore 
University of Maryland 
Washington Bible College 
Washington College 
Washington Theological Union 
Western Maryland College 



PUBLIC 


MEN 


CM) 




EARNED DEGREES 


OR 


WOMEN (W) 


NUMBER 


TYPE (1) 


PRIVATE 


COED 


(C) 


DEGREES 


OFFERED 


Public 


C 




2,278 


B, 


M 


Public 


C 




1,041 


A, 


B, M, D, P 


Public 


C 




9,407 


A, 


B, M, D, P 


Private 


C 




84 


B, 


M 


Private 


C 




174 


B, 


M 


Private 


C 




43 


M 




Private 


C 




544 


B, 


M 



(1) 



(2) 



Associate 
B — Bachelor' s 
D — Doctor' s 
L — Licentiate 
P — Professional School 
M — Master' s 

Evening classes are coeducational. 



Source: Maryland State Board for Higher Education, Trends in Degrees Awarded by 
Maryland Institutions of Higher Education . 



HEALTH SERVICES 

During the 1978 Fiscal Year, Maryland's hospitals for the mentally ill 
treated over 15,500 patients, an increase of 1 per cent from the number of 
paitents treated during 1977. This small increase continues a trend observed 
for several years which may be due to shortened periods of hospitalization of 
new admissions and the gradual continuing decrease in the number of long term 
admissions and the gradual continuing decrease in the number of long term 
patients. The average daily size of the patient population declined 5.3 per 
cent during this period, from 4,109 in 1977 to 3,891 in 1978. 

It is generally believed that the rate of occurrence of most mental 
illnesses has not changed appreciably and that these figures reflect the 
growing acceptance and usage of psychiatric hospitals and clinics for the 
short term intensive treatment of alcoholism and acute psychoneurotic and 
personality disturbances. 

This section of the Abstract is expanded from earlier editions to in- 
clude general health care as well as mental health care. Overall, there 
were more than 22,000 hospital beds in the State as of May 1978, and there 
were over 24,000 beds in other types of health care facilities here. And, 
according to the most recent data available (December 31, 1977), there were, 
on a Statewide average, 481 Marylanders per physician providing direct patient 
care. As one might expect, there is considerable variation among the political 
subdivisions of the State. 



-61- 



DISTRIBUTION OF PHYSICIANS, AND NUMBER OF BEDS 
IN HOSPITALS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 





NUMBER OF 




BEDS 


POLITICAL 


IN 


SUBDIVISION 


HOSPITALS (] 


Allegany 


659 


Anne Arundel 


1,390 


Baltimore City- 


7,952 


Baltimore 


3,466 


Calvert 


111 


Caroline 


N/A 


Carroll 


1,874 


Cecil 


174 


Charles 


108 


Dorchester 


586 


Frederick 


226 


Garrett 


72 


Harford 


434 


Howard 


535 


Kent 


86 


Montgomery 


1,404 


Prince George's 


1,530 


Queen Anne's 


N/A 


St. Mary's 


86 


Somerset 


36 


Talbot 


226 


Washington 


609 


Wicomico 


575 


Worcester 


N/A 



NUMBER OF 
BEDS IN 
LICENSED 
INSTITUTIONS ( 2 ) 



PERSONS PER 
PHYSICIAN PRO- 
VIDING DIRECT 
PATIENT CARE^ 3 ) 



838 



6,353 

133 

52 

892 

255 

105 

168 

598 

199 

395 

80 

41 

3,031 

2,412 

12 

66 

64 

419 

1,354 

853 

77 



682 

1,085 

219 

960 

1,500 

3,688 

1,019 

1,797 

1,909 

654 

1,207 

2,132 

1,063 

449 

867 

290 

908 

3,229 

1,362 

2,213 

350 

910 

545 

1,977 



24,379 



(1) 



(2) 



(3) 



Includes General Hospitals, Chronic Disease Hospitals, Mental Institutions, Tubercu- 
losis Institutions, hospitals in Penal Institutions and Special Hospitals, May 1978 

Includes Nursing Homes, Intermediate Care Facilities, Domiciliary Care, and Resi- 
dential Treatment Centers for Emotionally Disturbed Children and/or Adolescents. 

Data concerning the number of physicians are as of December 31, 1977 - the reader 
is cautioned that physicians may register by county of residence rather than by 
county of practice. Population estimates are for July 1, 1977 issued by the 
Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 

rces: Maryland State Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Division of Licensing 
and Certification, Directory of Acute General Hospitals and Special Hospitals , 
May 1978. 

Maryland State Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Division of Licensing 
and Certification, Directory of Licensed Institutions , May 1978. 

The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland, Characteristics 
of Physicians in Maryland: December 31, 1977 based on data obtained from 
the American Medical Association, July 1979. 

-62- 



PATIENT POPULATION, STATE PSYCHIATRIC INPATIENT FACILITIES: 
FISCAL YEARS 1974-1978 





AVERAGE SIZE 


OF 


TOTAL NUMBER 


FISCAL YEAR 


PATIENT POPULATION 


TREATED 


1978 


3,891 




15,643 


1977 


4,109 




15,480 


1976 


4,205 




16,118 


1975 


4,665 




17,918 


1974 


5,352 




20,660 



TOTAL 
ADMISSIONS SEPARATIONS 



10,770 10,539 

10,160 10,073 

10,366 10,318 

10,885 10,898 

12,512 12,592 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics. Data obtained from Statistical Report for July 1, 1977 - 
June 30, 1978, July 1, 1976 - May 31, 1977, and July 1, 1973 - June 30, 1974. 



CLIMATE OF MARYLAND 

Maryland lies in the region midway between the rigorous climates of the 
North and the mild climates of the South. Since it is located in the middle 
latitudes where the general atmospheric flow is from West to East across 
North America, it has a continental type of climate with its marked temperature 
contrast between summer and winter; however, two important bodies of water, 
the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean have an important modifying control 
on the climate, especially by moderating extreme temperatures of adjacent areas. 

The average annual temperature ranges from 48° F. in the Garrett County 
area to 59° F. in the lower Chesapeake area. The highest temperature on 
record is 109° F. recorded at several places in Allegany and Frederick Counties, 
while the lowest is -40° F. at Oakland, Garrett County. Based on the 1941- 
1970 period, the average annual precipitation ranges from as much as 47 inches 
at opposite ends of the State, Allegany Plateau and Southern Eastern Shore, to 
as little as 36 inches in the Cumberland area located in the "rain shadow" just 
to the east of the Allegany Plateau. Elsewhere over the State, the annual pre- 
cipitation ranges monthly between 40 to 44 inches. Monthly distribution is 
quite uniform, averaging between 2 and 4 inches each month and reaching a 
maximum between 4 and 6 inches in July or August. Annual snowfall ranges from 
a minimum of 8 to 10 inches along the coastal areas of Southern Eastern Shore 
to a maximum of near 100 inches in parts of Garrett County. 

Prevailing winds are mostly from the west-northwest to northwest except 
during the months of May through September, when they become more southerly. 
Damaging or dangerous storms, such as tornadoes, hurricanes and blizzards, 
are infrequent. 



The climate of Maryland is a dependable natural resource which provides 
an excellent setting for the agricultural, industrial, commercial and recrea- 
tional activities of its citizens. 

Included within this section is a rather detailed table showing cloud 
cover conditions in Maryland. It is indeed interesting to note the variations 
in the amount of cloud cover from region to region. These conditions determine 
the feasibility of many horticultural projects. 



-65- 



LOCATION OF MARYLAND WEATHER STATIONS FOR WHICH 
CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA ARE PRESENTED 



STATION 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



LATITUDE LONGITUDE ELEVATION 
(NORTH) (WEST) (FEET) 



Annapolis (U.S. Naval Academy) 
Assateague State Park 



Baltimore Weather Bureau (City 
Office Customs House) 



Anne Arundel 
Worcester 
Baltimore City 



Baltimore Weather Bureau (Baltimore Anne Arundel 
Washington Internat'l Airport) 



Boyds (2 miles northwest) 

Cambridge 

Centreville 

Chester town 

Clarksville (3 miles north- 
northeast) 
College Park 

Conowingo Dam 

Crisfield Dam 

Cumberland 

Denton 

Easton 

Elkton 

Frederick 

Frostburg 



Montgomery 

Dorchester 

Queen Anne's 

Kent 

Howard 

Prince George's 

Harford 

Somerset 

Allegany 

Caroline 

Talbot 

Cecil 

Frederick 

Allegany 



38 59' 
38° 14' 
39°17' 

39°11' 

30° 12' 
38°34' 
39°03' 
39°13' 
39°15' 
38°59' 
39°39* 
37°59' 
39°39' 
38°54' 
38°45' 
39°30' 
39°25» 
39°39' 



76 29' 
75°08' 
76°37' 

76°40' 



40 
7 
14 



77 u 20' 


580 


76°09' 


5 


76°03' 


46 


76°04' 


35 


76°56' 


365 


76°56' 


70 


76°10' 


40 


75°52' 


7 


78°45' 


945 


75°51' 


40 


76°04' 


40 


75°50' 


28 


71°28' 


435 


78°56' 


2,035 



continued on following page 



-66- 



LOCATION OF MARYLAND WEATHER STATIONS FOR WHICH 
CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA ARE PRESENTED (Cont'd.) 







POLITICAL 


LATITUDE 


LONGITUDE 


ELEVATION 


STATION 




SUBDIVISION 


(NORTH) 


(WEST) 


(FEET) 


Glenn Dale Bell 




Prince George's 


38°58' 


76°48' 


150 


Hagerstown 




Washington 


39°38' 


77°41« 


560 


Hancock 




Washington 


39°42' 


78°11' 


428 


La Plata 




Charles 


38°32' 


77°00' 


140 


Leonardtown 




St. Mary's 


38°19' 


76°40' 


40 


Millington 




Kent 


39°16' 


76°51' 


30 


Oakland 




Garrett 


39°24' 


79°24' 


2,420 


Owings Ferry Landing 


Calvert 


38°42' 


76°41' 


120 


Princess Anne 




Somerset 


38°13' 


75°41' 


20 


Salisbury 




Wicomico 


38°22' 


75°35' 


10 


Snow Hill 




Worcester 


38°11' 


75°24' 


14 


Solomons 




Calvert 


38°19' 


76°27' 


12 


Tows on 




Baltimore 


39°24' 


76°37' 


410 


Upper Marlboro 




Prince George's 


38°52' 


76°47' 


98 


Washington (Nat' 


1 Airport) 


Dist. of Columbia 


38°51' 


77°02' 


10 


Westminster 




Carroll 


39°35' 


77°00' 


770 


Wheaton Regional 


Park 


Montgomery 


39°04' 


77°02' 


330 


Woodstock 




Baltimore 


39°20' 


76°52' 


415 



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-84- 



NATURAL RESOURCES 

Maryland's 2,653,000 acres of forest land represent nearly 42 per cent 
of the total land area of the State. As one might expect, however, there 
is considerable variance among the political subdivisions. The vast majority 
of commercial forest land, 95 per cent, is held in private lands, while public 
ownership accounts for the remainder. 

Almost 79 per cent of the timber in Maryland is of the hardwood varieties, 
and an estimated 190 million board feet of lumber were cut during 1976. 
Forest fires are always a threat, and in 1978, 587 such blazes burned a total 
area of 1,396 acres. All counties suffered from these fires, and the causes 
were primarily carelessness in nature. 

Nearly $165 million worth of minerals were extracted during 1975. The 
leading commodities were bituminous coal and stone, accounting for over 30 
per cent and 26 per cent, respectively, of the total. Sand and gravel were 
next as these items accounted for another 18 per cent of the value extracted. 

Maryland touches both the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay. Seafood, 
therefore, becomes a vital resource. As impressive as the data reported herein 
appears to be, the user must be cautioned that there is a substantial under- 
count, what with the large number of sport fishermen active in our waters. 

Data indicate a Maryland catch in 1978 with a dockside value of nearly 
$32.6 million. The Major share of this catch is credited to shellfish which 
account for $29.5 million of the total. Oysters were the leader ($14.5 
million), followed by clams ($9.6 million) and crabs ($5.1 million). Leading 
finfish catches by value were striped bass (rockf ish) , bluefin tuna and 
flounder . 



NO. 42 

COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND AREA BY STAND-SIZE CLASS 

IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 

AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: JANUARY 1. 1977 



STAND- SIZE 
CLASS 



UNITED PENNSYL- WEST 

STATES MARYLAND VANIA DELAWARE VIRGINIA VIRGINIA 



Total 1,000 Acres 

Per cent of U.S. Total 



Sawtimber 
1,000 Acres 



Pole timber 
1,000 Acres 



Seedling & Sapling 
1,000 Acres 



487,726 


2,523 


17,478 


384 


15,939 


11,484 




0.52 


3.58 


0.08 


3.27 


2.35 


211,782 


1,413 


7,665 


207 


6,339 


5,076 


136,749 


666 


6,081 


83 


5,991 


3,960 


121,188 


438 


3,399 


94 


3,356 


2,306 



Not Stocked 
1,000 Acres 



18,007 



U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Statistics of the U. S. 
1977 , Review Draft — All Data Subject to Revision, issued 1978, Table 3. 



FOREST LAND AREA IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 
AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: JANUARY 1, 1977 



UNITED 
STATES 
1,000 
ACRES 



PENNSYL- 
MARYLAND VANIA 
1,000 1,000 
ACRES ACRES 



DELAWARE VIRGINIA 
1,000 1,000 
ACRES ACRES 



WEST 

VIRGINIA 

1,000 

ACRES 



Total Land Area 2,263,548 

Forest Land Area 740,147 

% of Total Land 32.7 

Commercial Forest Land 487,726 

% of all Forest Land 65.9 

Non-Commercial Forest 252,421 

Land 

% of all Forest Land 34.1 

Reserved Forest Land 19,531 



6,330 


28,778 


2,653 


17,832 


41.9 


62.0 


2,523 


17,478 


95.1 


98.0 


130 


354 


4.9 


2.0 


109 


194 



1,268 

392 

30.9 

384 

98.0 

7 

1.8 



25,459 
16,417 

64.5 
15,939 

97.1 
479 

2.9 
375 



15,405 
11,669 

75.7 
11,484 

98.4 
185 

1.6 
124 



Source: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Statistics of the U. S., 
1977 , Review Draft — All Data Subject to Revision, issued 1978, Table 1. 



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NET VOLUME OF LIVE SAWTIMBER IN SAWTIMBER STANDS 

ON COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 

AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: 1977 



STAND- SIZE 
CLASS 



WEST 
UNITED STATES MARYLAND PENNSYLVANIA DELAWARE VIRGINIA VIRGINIA 



Sawtimber 
Million Bd. Ft. 



Percent of 
U.S. Total 



Percent of 
U.S. Total 



Percent of 
U.S. Total 



2,568,682 8,166 35,900 

0.32 1.40 

1,982,820 1,726 3,846 

0.09 0.19 

585,862 6,440 32,054 



53,771 



28,934 



0.05 2.09 1.13 

408 16,134 2,901 

0.02 0.81 0.15 

985 37,637 26,033 



Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Statistics of the U.S., 1977 , 
Review Draft — All data subject to revision, issued 1978, Tables 13 and 14. 



NET VOLUME OF SAWTIMBER ON COMMERCIAL TLMBERLAND IN MARYLAND, BY 
SPECIES AS OF JANUARY 1, 1977 



SAWTIMBER 
MILLION BD. FT. 



GROWING STOCK 
MILLION CU. FT. 



Total Softwoods 

Shortleaf & Loblolly Pines 
Other Yellow Pines 
Eastern Red & White Pines 
Other Eastern Softwoods 

Total Hardwoods 
Select White Oaks 
Select Red Oaks 
Other White Oaks 
Other Red Oaks 
Hickory 
Hard Maple 
Soft Maple 
Beech 
Sweet gum 

Tupelo and Blackgum 
Ash 

Yellow Poplar 
Black Walnut 
Other Eastern Hardwoods 
Black Cherry 



1,726 

1,239 

420 

29 

38 

6,440 

1,005 
481 
382 

1,216 
253 
50 
515 
288 
455 
213 
134 

1,070 

35 

300 

43 



Eastern Softwoods, Total 


793 


Shortleaf & Loblolly 


Pines 


483 


Other Yellow Pines 




251 


Eastern Red & White 


Pines 


42 


Other Eastern Softwoods 


17 


Eastern Hardwoods, Total 


2,699 


Select White Oaks 




400 


Select Red Oaks 




186 


Other White Oaks 




180 


Other Red Oaks 




468 


Hickory 




115 


Hard Maple 




33 


Soft Maple 




281 


Beech 




95 


Sweet gum 




221 


Tupelo and Blackgum 




99 


Ash 




71 


Yellow Poplar 




350 


Black Walnut 




18 


Other Eastern Hardwoods 


154 


Black Cherry 




28 



Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Statistics of the U.S. , 1977 , 
Review Draft — All data subject to revision, issued 1978, Tables 25, 26, 27 and 28. 



-90- 



ANNUAL CUT AND NET ANNUAL GROWTH OF GROWING STOCK ON 
COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND IN MARYLAND, BY SPECIES GROUP: 1976 



SPECIES GROUP 



ANNUAL CUT 
CU. FT. 
(1,000) 



NET GROWTH 
CU. FT. 
(1,000) 



All Species 

Softwoods 

Hardwoods 



63,475 
20,801 
42,674 



111,000 
24,900 
86,100 



Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Statistics of the U.S., 1977 , 
Review Draft — All data subject to revision, issued 1978, Table 45. 



ANNUAL CUT AND NET ANNUAL GROWTH OF LIVE SAWTIMBER ON 
COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND IN MARYLAND, BY SPECIES GROUP: 1976 



SPECIES GROUP 



ANNUAL CUT 
BD. FT. 
(1,000) 



NET GROWTH 
BD. FT. 
(1,000) 



All Species 

Softwoods 

Hardwoods 



190,186 

52,304 

137,882 



298,000 

75,000 

223,000 



Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Statistics of the U.S., 1977 , 
Review Draft — All data subject to revision, issued 1978, Table 46. 



-91- 



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-92- 



NO. 51 

NUMBER OF FOREST FIRES AND AREA BURNED U) IN MARYLAND, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1978 and 1977 





NUMBER OF 


AREA BURNED 


NUMBER OF 


AREA BURNED 


POLITICAL 


FIRES 


1978 


FIRES 


1977 


SUBDIVISION 


1978 


(ACRES) 


1977 


(ACRES) 


MARYLAND 


587 


1,396 


806 


5,060 


REGION I Western 


110 


217 


138 


232 


Allegany 


28 


17 


42 


65 


Frederick 


54 


110 


56 


67 


Garrett 


17 


41 


22 


30 


Washington 


11 


49 


18 


70 


REGION II Southern 


171 


419 


217 


852 


Anne Arundel 


41 


121 


36 


220 


Calvert 


12 


22 


20 


43 


Charles 


42 


69 


42 


243 


Howard 


30 


68 


37 


79 


Montgomery 


12 


76 


31 


47 


Prince George's 


20 


36 


10 


126 


St. Mary's 


14 


27 


41 


94 


REGION III Eastern 


71 


445 


170 


3,116 


Caroline 


6 


3 


18 


10 


Dorchester 


15 


355 


50 


1,017 


Somerset 


13 


58 


29 


1,543 


Talbot 


10 


5 


29 


34 


Wicomico 


19 


18 


27 


478 


Worcester 


8 


6 


17 


32 


REGION IV Central 


235 


315 


281 


860 


Baltimore 


94 


118 


99 


272 


Carroll 


26 


65 


39 


76 


Cecil 


34 


65 


33 


408 


Harford 


74 


57 


89 


44 


Kent 


1 


1 


5 


33 


Queen Anne ' s 


6 


9 


16 


27 



(■•^Woodland endangered not included. 

Source: State of Maryland, Spring Forest Fire Report (January 1 - 

June 30) and Fall Forest Fire Report (July 1 - December 31), 
1978 and 1977. 



-93- 



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NUMBER OF COMMERCIAL FISHERMEN AND GEAR IN MARYLAND: 
1975, 1974, and 1973 



1973 



Total Fishermen 



15,563 



11,817 



Vessels-Motor 


1,020 


Vessels-Sail 


29 


Boats 


11,584 


Haul Seines, Common 


87 


Gill Nets: Anchor, Stake or Set 2,439 


Drift Gill Nets 


283 


Hand Lines 


94 


Crab Trot Lines 


9,958 


Pound Nets 


248 


Fyke and Hoop Nets 


1,463 


Dip Nets, Common 


152 


Blue Crab Pots 


110,982 


Eel Traps 


10,235 


Fish Pots 


3,377 


Conch Traps 


60 


Lobster Pots 


2,600 


Turtle Pots 


315 


Scrapes 


267 


Clam Dredges 


178 


Oyster Dredges 


74 


Sea Scallops and Other 


Dredges 6 


Oyster Tongs 


4,569 


Other Tongs 





Rakes 


9 


Otter Trawls 


21 



993 


901 


29 


29 


11,366 


7,853 


69 


140 


2,813 


2,908 


331 


322 


158 


109 


9,272 


7,987 


234 


194 


1,356 


1,344 


150 


159 


09,650 


84,415 


10,150 


10,220 


4,817 


3,412 


150 





1,300 


800 


130 


70 


280 


305 


263 


206 


79 


82 
2 


4,452 


4,021 




1 


7 


7 


15 


11 



Source: Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Services, Fishery Statistics 
of the United States, 1975 (issued Dec. 1978), and 1973 ; Chesapeake Fisheries , 



Annual Summary 1974. 



NO. 54 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY QUANTITY: 1977 and 1978 



1977 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



1978 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



TOTAL, All Species 








59,583 


Finfish 








15,839 


Alewives 








66 


Bluefish 








391 


Butterfish 








26 


Carp 








101 


Catfish and Bullheads 






290 


Crappie 








2 


Croaker 








692 


Drum, Black 








1 


Eels, Common 








157 


Flounder 








740 


Gizzard Shad 








13 


Hake, Red 








12 


Herring, Sea 











Hickory Shad 








1 


Mackerel, Boston 








98 


Menhaden 








8,163 


Scup (Porgy) 








39 


Sea Bass 








459 


Sea Trout 








207 


Shad 








77 


Sharks 








107 


Spot 








17 


Striped Bass 








1,732 


Sturgeon 








2 


Sunf ish 








7 


Tuna, Bluefin 








1,805 


White Perch 








568 


Whiting 








33 


Yellow Perch 








18 


Unclassified: For 


Food 






8 


Unclassified: .For 
Other Species ' 


Bait, 


Reduction 


and Animal Food 


2 








5 



13,998 

248 

289 

22 

96 

350 

4 

582 

9 

206 

677 

4 

8 

7 

1 

10 

7,085 

6 

427 

518 

87 

142 

31 

1,189 



1,040 

11 

29 

6 

(a) 



(Continued on Following Page) 



-96- 



NO. 54 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY QUANTITY: 1977 and 1978 (Cont'd) 



1977* 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



1978* 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



Shellfish 

Jonah Crabs 
Horseshoe Crabs 
Crabs, Blue 
Hard 

So^t — d 
Lobsters 
Clam Meats 

Hard 

Soft 

Surf 
Oyster Meats, ,Ma 
Other Species^ ' 



43,744 

13 

16 

20,395 

19,243 

1,152 

81 

10,074 

27 

1,654 

8,393 

13,028 

136 



42,439 

14 

148 

16,815 

15,965 

850 

56 

11,748 

22 

3,359 

8,367 

13,470 

188 



* Preliminary. 
Note 



(a) 
(1) 



(2) 



In addition, 2,078,428 bushels of oysters were landed in 1978, and 2,045,310 bushels 
in 1977. A Maryland oyster bushel contains 2,800.7 cubic inches. 
Less than 500 pounds . 

Include Bonito, Cod, Hogchoker, King Whiting, Mullet, Sea Robin, Spanish Mackerel, 
Suckers and Tautog. 

Include Conch Meats, Sea Scallops, Squid, Diamond- Back Terrapin and Snapper Turtles. 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Services, in cooperation 
with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Maryland Landings, Dec. 1978 
issue. 



NO. 55 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY VALUE: 1977 and 1978 



SPECIES 


1977* 


1978* 




($) 


($) 


TOTAL, All Species 


30,727,351 


32,622,096 


Flnfish 


2,755,931 


3,140,401 


Alewives 


3,573 


6,461 


Bluefish 


17,273 


24,768 


Butterfish 


6,616 


5,461 


Carp 


2,147 


2,473 


Catfish and Bullheads 


35,082 


37,381 


Crappie 


378 


873 


Croaker 


68,399 


143,365 


Drum, Black 


52 


863 


Eels, Common 


64,411 


116,867 


Flounder 


363,954 


356,259 


Gizzard Shad 


135 


60 


Hake, Red 


446 


329 


Herring, Sea 





259 


Hickory Shad 


257 


298 


Mackerel, Atlantic 


19,799 


1,9*1 


Menhaden 


283,277 


282,500 


Scup (Porgy) 


6,298 


1,317 


Sea Bass 


133,216 


-169,009 


Sea Trout 


40,511 


89,583 


Shad 


26,862 


23,844 


Sharks 


6,494 


10,566 


Spot 


2,385 


4,890 


Striped Bass 


1,022,449 


1,279,826 


Sturgeon 


357 


1,160 


Sunf ish 


696 


681 


Tuna, Bluefin 


537,053 


367,286 


White Perch 


105,232 


203,962 


Whiting 


1,753 


962 


Yellow Perch 


3,589 


5,802 


Unclassified: For Food 


2,458 


899 


Unclassified: For Bait, Reduction and 
Other Species ( ' 


Animal Food 85 


20 


694 


436 



(Continued on Following Page) 



-98- 



NO. 55 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY VALUE: 1977 and 1978 (Cont'd.) 



1977* 1978* 

($) ($) 



Shellfish 27,971,420 29,481,695 

Jonah Crabs 1,703 2,070 

Horseshoe Crabs 970 8,450 

Crabs, Blue 6,018,462 5,132,239 

Hard 4,634,593 3,963,281 

Soft and Peeler 1,383,869 1,168,958 

Lobsters 172,198 123,311 

Clam Meats 7,350,259 9,598,711 

Hard 35,055 34,510 

Soft 2,612,497 4,650,045 

Surf 4,702,707 4,914,156 

Oyster Meats, .Market 14,352,138 14,483,631 

Other Species U; 75,690 133,283 

*Preliminary 

Include Bonito, Cod, Hogchoker, King Whiting, Mullet, Sea Robin, Spanish Mackerel, 
Suckers and Tautog. 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Services, in cooperation 
with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Maryland Landings, Dec. 1978 
issue. 



NO. 56 
SEAFOOD PROCESSED PRODUCTS, MARYLAND: 1978, 1977 and 1972 



1977 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1978/1977 1978/1972 



Value (In thousands) 


$117,823 


$126,073 


$70,204 


-6.5 


67.8 


Wholesale and 












Manufacturing 












Number of Establishments 


172 


169 


196 


1.8 


-12.2 


Persons Employed 












Average Per Season 


3,659 


3,831 


4,319 


-4.5 


-15.3 


Average Per Year 


2,795 


2,761 


3,243 


1.2 


-13.8 



Derived from dividing the number of employees reported by the number of months of 
operation. 

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Service, Fishery Statistics 
of the United States 1972 , and unpublished data. 



HUNTING AND FISHING LICENSE SALES, MARYLAND: 
FISCAL YEARS 1978, 1977, AND 1976 



TYPE OF LICENSE 



1978 



1977 



1976 



Hunting 








Statewide 


136,321 


144,783 


141,801 


Statewide 65 


9,230 


9,805 


9,620 


Junior Statewide 


19,235 


24,190 


18,434 


Non-resident 


15,509 


14,138 


13,871 


Non-resident Junior 


713 


939 


— 


Big Game Stamps 


93,831 


94,419 


79,663 


Big Game Stamps 65 


3,987 


4,329 


3,921 


Regulated Shooting Area 


205 


309 


333 


Duck Blind 


3,166 


3,371 


2,708 


Public Land Stamps 


46,763 


46,250 


43,244 


Non-resident Trappers 


— 


9 


6 


Duplicates 


370 


— 


— 


Waterfowl Stamps 


61,729 


56,638 


53,345 



Fishing 



Statewide 


110,233 


122,650 


106,334 


Statewide 65 


8,469 


10,227 


6,729 


Non-resident 


5,285 


6,854 


5,141 


Non-resident 7-Day 


3,862 


5,281 


3,544 


Potomac River (1) 


125 


299 


248 


Trout Stamps 


31,696 


29,485 


24,773 


Trout Stamps 65 & Older 


3,420 


4,596 


3,407 


Live Bait 


8 


4 





Duplicates 


148 


— 


— 



(1) 



Virginia, West Virginia, and Potomac grouped together. 



Source: State of Maryland, Department of Natural Resources, Licensing 
Division. 






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LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT 

More than 1.9 million Maryland residents were employed in 1978 as both 
the civilian labor force and the working members of that labor force continued 
to grow. On an average basis, the unemployment rate of 5.6 percent in Maryland 
for 1978 was down from 6.1 percent in 1977 and from 6.7 percent in 1976. 

Annual average non-agricultural employment figures in Maryland for 1978 
indicate gains over 197 7 in all sectors with the exception of federal government 
employment, which decreased slightly. The larger gains were reported in the non- 
manufacturing sectors, contract construction (11.2 percent), transportation and 
utilities (4.6 percent), wholesale trade (4.2 percent), and state and local govern- 
ment employment (4.0 percent). 

The role of federal government civilian employment in Maryland should not 
be overlooked. More than 130,300 people were employed by various federal agencies 
in Maryland at the end of 1978. 

An additional 45,200 civilian and military employees work for the Department 
of Defense. 

Included in this section are tables showing commutation patterns of workers. 
Both interstate and intrastate destinations are shown. It is interesting to note 
that nearly 40 percent of our labor force works outside its subdivision of residence. 

Labor relations have continued good in Maryland. In conformity with his- 
torical trends, the percent of estimated work time lost by stoppages in Maryland 
was again lower than corresponding national figures. 



-104- 



CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE, TOTAL EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT 
IN MARYLAND BY REGION AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1978 
BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE 









CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE 










POPULATION 




AS PERCENT 


TOTAL 


UNEMPLOYMENT 




PROVISIONAL 




OF 


EMPLOYMENT 








(JULY 1) 


NUMBER 


POPULATION 




NUMBER 


RATE 


MARYLAND 


4,143,000 


2,032,000 


49.0 


1,918,000 


114,000 


5.6 


WESTERN MARYLAND 














Allegany 


79,600 


31,008 


39.0 


27,910 


3,098 


10.0 


Garrett 


25,900 


11,424 


44.1 


10,071 


1,353 


11.8 


Washington 


109,600 


50,653 


46.2 


47,224 


3,429 


6.8 


Frederick 


107,900 


44,352 


41.1 


42,144 


2,208 


5.0 


BALTIMORE SMSA 


2,145,200 


1,034,130 


48.2 


969,829 


64,301 


6.2 


Anne Arundel 


361,200 


164,684 


45.6 


157,162 


7,522 


4.6 


Baltimore City 


789,700 


405,162 


51.3 


374,207 


30,955 


7.6 


Baltimore 


638,900 


309,880 


48.5 


290,940 


18,940 


6.1 


Carroll 


92,500 


39,979 


43.2 


37,984 


1,995 


5.0 


Harford 


146,200 


66,094 


45.2 


62,766 


3,328 


5.0 


Howard 


116,600 


48,330 


41.4 


46,770 


1,560 


3.2 


WASHINGTON SMSA 














Charles 


67,100 


33,401 


49.8 


32,258 


1,143 


3.4 


Montgomery 


575,900 


304,927 


52.9 


294,242 


10,685 


3.5 


Prince George's 


662,200 


358,649 


54.2 


344,234 


14,415 


4.0 


SOUTHERN MARYLAND 














Calvert 


31,500 


12,956 


41.1 


11,901 


1,055 


8.1 


St. Mary's 


54,100 


15,030 


27.8 


14,058 


972 


6.5 


EASTERN SHORE 














Cecil 


56,400 


23,362 


41.4 


21,777 


1,585 


6.8 


Kent 


16,200 


8,699 


53.7 


7,937 


762 


8.8 


Queen Anne's 


23,800 


9,425 


39.6 


8,794 


631 


6.7 


Caroline 


22,500 


8,972 


39.9 


8,200 


772 


8.6 


Talbot 


26,800 


14,933 


55.7 


14,316 


617 


4.1 


Dorchester 


30,600 


16,896 


55.2 


15,143 


1,753 


10.4 


Wicomico 


60,600 


28,620 


47.2 


26,391 


2,229 


7.8 


Worcester 


27,800 


15,690 


56.4 


14,054 


1,636 


10.4 


Somerset 


19,100 


8,874 


46.5 


7,517 


1,357 


15.3 



Source: U.S. Bureua of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-26, No. 78-20, 
issued August, 1979. 
Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



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PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF NONAGRICULTURAL WAGE AND SALARY EMPLOYMENT 
IN MARYLAND: 1978, 1977 and 1976 
BY PLACE OF WORK 



TYPE OF EMPLOYMENT 



1978 



PERCENTAGE 
1977 



NONAGRICULTURAL WAGE AND SALARY EMPLOYMENT 



Manufacturing 

Durable goods 

Non-durable goods 
Non-manufacturing 

Contract construction 

Transportation and utilities 

Wholesale trade 

Retail trade 

Finance, insurance and real estate 

Services and mining 

Federal government 

State and local government 



15.2 


15.3 


15.5 


8.4 


8.3 


8.4 


6.8 


7.0 


7.1 


84.8 


84.7 


84.5 


6.4 


6.0 


5.9 


5.3 


5.3 


5.2 


5.0 


5.0 


5.0 


18.7 


18.9 


19.0 


5.4 


5.4 


5.3 


19.9 


19.8 


19.3 


8.2 


8.6 


8.9 


15.8 


15.7 


15.9 



Total may not add due to rounding. 

Sources: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division, 
Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Employment . 



-108- 



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>OS-iCCn3 r ci'H 



-109- 



NO. 65 

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION IN MAJOR CATEGORIES OF 

NONAGRICULTURAL WAGE AND SALARY EMPLOYMENT 

BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION AND THE BALTIMORE SMSA: 1977 

BY PLACE OF WORK 



SUBDIVISION 



Q 


ta <: 


s 


!3 <*> 




H W 


W 




sd 


W < 


en 


£S 



< > 

H O 
c/3 O 



BALTIMORE SMSA (1) 19.5 ** 

D.C. AREA 

Charles 7.8 0.0 

Montgomery 4.1 ** 

Prince George's 5.0 0.1 

WESTERN MARYLAND 



8.0 
(D) 
(D) 



6.7 
1.9 
3.3 



28.0 3.2 
19.7* 6.6 
24.7* 4.2 



11.7 
27.2 
14.6 



14.0 
18.0 
12.1 



20.6 
11.5 
24.3 



Frederick 


23.9 


0.4 


9.9 


(D) 


20.6* 


3.4 


12.3 


4.5 


16.4 


Allegany 


31.4 


1.4 


5.2 


4.9 


20.2 


3.2 


15.9 


0.7 


17.0 


Garrett 


19.3 


(D) 


(D) 


3.2 


23.8 


3.7 


17.1 


0.3 


23.3 


Washington 


33.8 


(D) 


5.8 


4.9 


18.0* 


2.6 


13.6 


3.1 


14.0 


SOUTHERN MARYLAND 


















Calvert 


3.4 


0.0 


16.1 


3.9 


24.3 


5.2 


14.3 


0.2 


32.6 


St. Mary's 


1.6 


(D) 


9.3 


4.5 


19.3* 


3.2 


15.4 


22.1 


21.3 


EASTERN SHORE 




















Cecil 


21.7 


(D) 


6.4 


5.2 


18.3* 


2.5 


12.3 


10.5 


19.4 


Kent 


16.3 


0.0 


6.6 


(D) 


18.8* 


3.6 


25.4 


0.3 


16.7 


Queen Anne' 


s 17.0 


(D) 


9.2 


(D) 


29.1 


3.4 


10.7 


0.3 


23.9 


Caroline 


25.1 


0.4 


4.4 


21.7 


19.6 


2.7 


6.4 


0.5 


19.2 


Talbot 


24.4 


(D) 


6.2 


4.1 


22.2* 


3.4 


21.2 


0.6 


12.3 


Dorchester 


41.8 


(D) 


5.6 


6.0 


12.1* 


1.7 


9.0 


0.3 


21.0 


Wicomico 


25.9 


** 


(D) 


5.1 


22.1* 


3.4 


17.1 


0.6 


14.0 


Worcester 


21.3 


(D) 


5.0 


2.5 


32.1* 


4.8 


19.0 


0.7 


12.1 


Somerset 


30.0 


0.0 


2.0 


3.6 


15.3 


2.7 


10.6 


0.4 


35.3 


^ ^Baltimore 


SMSA includes Baltimore 


City, Anne 


Arundel, 


Baltimore, Carroll, 


Harford and 



Howard Counties. 
** Less than 0.1% 

(D)Data withheld, disclosure problem, 
* Retail Trade only; Wholesale Trade withheld. 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. Based on 
data obtained from Employment and Payrolls Covered by the Unemployment Insurance 
Law of Maryland, 1977 . U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis 

(State and local government employment estimates). 



-110- 



NO. 66 



PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF MAJOR CATEGORIES 

OF SELECTED NON-MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT: 1976 

BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 







ESTIMATED 

NUMBER 

EMPLOYED IN 


PERCENTAGE 


DISTRIBUTION* OF 


ESTIMATED 


EMPLOYMENT 




IN 


SELECTED NON-MANUFACTURING CATEGORIES 




SUBDIVISION 


TRANSPORTATION 


WHOLESALE 


FINANCE 


IN- 




SELECTED 


AND OTHER 


PUB- 


AND RETAIL 


SURANCE 


AND 


SERVICES 




CATEGORIES 


LIC UTILITIES 


TRADE 


REAL ESTATE 


Allegany 


11,643 


10.3 




47.2 


7.4 




35.2 


Anne Arundel 


42,960 


8.7 




55.2 


7.7 




28.3 


Baltimore City 


212,315 


13.3 




35.6 


14.2 




36.9 


Baltimore 


115,525 


6.2 




50.9 


9.4 




33.5 


Calvert 


2,279 


20.7 




44.1 


5.0 




30.3 


Caroline 


2,162 


30.4 




38.9 


7.2 




23.6 


Carroll 


8,404 


7.3 




53.7 


7.8 




31.1 


Cecil 


5,072 


12.9 




50.3 


5.7 




31.1 


Charles 


6,439 


12.6 




58.0 


6.9 




22.6 


Dorchester 


3,687 


15.2 




50.0 


6.3 




28.4 


Frederick 


14,257 


7.3 




52.2 


13.7 




26.8 


Garrett 


2,544 


10.9 




56.1 


7.3 




25.7 


Harford 


13,195 


8.2 




56.1 


6.9 




28.8 


Howard 


18,201 


6.3 




46.5 


7.0 




40.2 


Kent 


2,391 


11.4 




46.9 


7.4 




34.4 


Montgomery 


133,781 


4.1 




38.9 


13.3 




43.7 


Prince George' 


sl03,362 


8.1 




56.0 


6.8 




29.1 


Queen Anne ' s 


1,970 


8.0 




63.5 


9.4 




19.1 


St. Mary's 


6,295 


10.1 




62.8 


6.1 




21.0 


Somerset 


1,326 


4.6 




61.4 


8.0 




25.9 


Talbot 


5,515 


9.1 




45.9 


6.1 




38.8 


Washington 


17,564 


12.1 




51.3 


6.2 




30.4 


Wicomico 


12,613 


12.9 




53.2 


5.9 




27.9 


Worcester 


4,544 


6.5 




55.0 


10.2 




28.2 



*Percents may not add up to 100.0 due to rounding. 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns , 1976, Table 2. 



FEDERAL CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 
DECEMBER 31, 1978 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 



TOTAL STATE 130,370 

Allegany 316 

Anne Arundel 9,020 

Baltimore City 14,423 

Baltimore 20,831 

Calvert 176 

Caroline 83 

Carroll 184 

Cecil 1,616 

Charles 2,459 

Dorchester 143 

Frederick 1,559 

Garrett 82 

Harford 8,018 

Howard 315 

Kent 79 

Montgomery 41,417 

Prince George's 24,333 

Queen Anne's 74 

St. Mary's 3,079 

Somerset 70 

Talbot 186 

Washington 1,351 

Wicomico 347 

Worcester 209 



Source: U.S. Office of Personnel Management, Annual Geographic Survey . 



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-113- 



NO. 69 



PROPORTION OF LABOR FORCE WORKING OUTSIDE 
COUNTY OF RESIDENCE: 1960 AND 1970 



SUBDIVISION 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



1960 


1970 


PER CENT 


PER CENT 


9.7 


6.7 


34.9 


38.6 


13.0 


25.3 


52.1 


51.7 


24.5 


39.7 


25.3 


34.6 


28.1 


37.1 


25.6 


30.0 


22.5 


41.0 


13.3 


13.3 


15.3 


23.7 


18.5 


24.9 


15.3 


31.7 


62.0 


66.6 


11.0 


18.0 


54.2 


46.5 


62.4 


57.4 


22.5 


34.0 


3.6 


10.3 


20.2 


25.8 


6.0 


10.5 


8.6 


12.0 


9.4 


11.4 


14.2 


20.4 



STATE OF MARYLAND 



U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1970 , General Social 

and Economic Characteristics , Final Report PC (1) C22, Maryland. 

U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1960 , General Social 

and Economic Characteristics , Final Report PC (1) 22C, Maryland. 



NO. 70 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 



(BALTIMORE SMSA) 



FROM ANNE ARUNDEL 



FROM BALTIMORE CO. 



(BALTIMORE SMSA) 



FROM CARROLL 



Places of Work 


Commuters 


Places of Work 


Commuters 


Baltimore City - CBD 


2 


691 


Baltimore City - CBD 




194 


B. City - remainder 


18 


,299 


B. City - remainder 


1 


,976 


Baltimore Co. 


7 


,725 


Baltimore Co. 


3 


,921 


Anne Arundel Co. 


69 


,480 


Anne Arundel Co. 




514 


Carroll Co. 




77 


Carroll Co. 


16 


,096 


Harford Co. 




153 


Harford Co. 




66 


Howard Co. 


1 


410 


Howard Co. 




513 


Washington, D. C. 


4 


,622 


Washington D. C. 




231 


Prince George's Co. 


5 


,261 


Montgomery Co. 




690 


Montgomery Co. 


1 


,165 


Prince George's Co. 




53 


D. C. SMSA - Va. part 




545 


D. C. SMSA - Va. part 




12 


Calvert Co. 




151 


York, Pa. 




20 


Charles Co. 




180 


York Co. - remainder 




116 


Frederick Co. 




87 


Adams Co. , Pa. 




415 


York, Pa. 




21 


Frederick Co. 




505 


York Co. - remainder 




32 


Washington Co. 




23 


St. Mary's Co. 




40 


New Castle Co. , Del. 




6 


Talbot Co. 




36 


Lancaster Co. , Pa. 




11 


Queen Anne's Co. 




5 









FROM HARFORD 
Places of Work 



Places of Work 






Baltimore City - CBD 




439 


Baltimore City - CBD 


15 


5 36 


B. City - remainder 


3 


,712 


B. City - remainder 


89 


666 


Baltimore Co. 


6 


,493 


Baltimore Co. 


117 


412 


Anne Arundel Co. 




394 


Anne Arundel Co. 


7 


991 


Carroll Co. 




70 


Carroll Co. 


1 


602 


Harford Co. 


30 


257 


Harford Co. 


1 


741 


Howard Co. 




119 


Howard Co. 


3 


199 


York, Pa. 




23 


Washington, D. C. 


1 


,385 


York Co. - remainder 




456 


Montgomery Co. 




727 


Frederick Co. 




7 


Prince George's Co. 


1 


004 


Lancaster, Pa. 




5 


D. C. SMSA - Va. part 




23 


Lancaster Co. , Pa. - remainder 




43 


York, Pa. 




78 


Wilmington, Del. 




42 


York Co. - remainder 




259 


New Castle Co., Del. - remainder 




176 


Adams Co. 




16 


Cecil Co. 


1 


,32 3 


Frederick Co. 




153 


Washington, D. C. 




103 


Calvert Co. 




30 


D. C. SMSA - Md. part 




98 


Wilmington, Del. 




63 


Philadelphia, Pa. SMSA - 




76 


New Castle Co. , Del. - 


remainder 


47 


Pa. part 






Cecil Co. 




72 


Philadelphia, Pa. SMSA - 




5 


Lancaster Co., Pa. 




40 


N. J. part 







(continued on following page) 



NO. 70 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 



(BALTIMORE SMSA) 

FROM HOWARD 
Places of Work 
Baltimore City - CBD 
B. City - remainder 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Carroll Co. 
Harford Co. 
Howard Co. 
Washington, D. C. 
Montgomery Co. 
Prince George's 
D. C. SMSA - remainder 
Frederick Co. 
Washington Co. 
Charles Co. 
York, Pa. 

York Co. - remainder 
Lancaster Co., Pa. 

FROM BALTIMORE CITY 
Places of Work 
Baltimore City - CBD 
B. City - remainder 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Carroll Co. 
Harford Co. 
Howard Co. 
Washington, D. C. 
Montgomery Co. 
Prince George's Co. 
D. C. SMSA - remainder 
York, Pa. 

York Co. - remainder 
Frederick Co. 
Calvert Co. 
Wilmington, Del. 

New Castle Co., Del. - remainder 
Cecil Co. 
Charles Co. 



(FREDERICK COUNTY) 





FROM 




Commuters 


Places of Work 


Commuters 


391 


Washington, D. C. 


546 


3,404 


Montgomery Co. 


3,995 


3,048 


Prince George's Co. 


147 


2,272 


Loudon and Pr. William's 


75 


406 


Cos. , Va. 




116 


D. C. SMSA - remainder (Va.) 


122 


7,386 


Baltimore City 


141 


824 


Baltimore Co. 


200 


1,572 


Carroll Co. 


760 


2,113 


Howard Co . 


196 


178 


Anne Arundel Co . 


38 


98 


Harford Co. , Pa. 


62 


11 


York Co. , Pa. 


16 


17 


Adams Co. , Pa. 


95 


6 


Frederick Co. 


24,671 


8 


Washington Co. 


705 


6 


Franklin Co. , Pa. 


116 




Jefferson Co. , W. Va. 


34 




Harrisburg, Pa. SMSA 


20 


26,199 


(WESTERN MARYLAND) 




205,040 






60,306 


FROM ALLEGANY 




8,709 


Places of Work 





384 

1,019 

2,295 

1,628 

576 

1,167 

216 

42 

67 

150 

7 

121 

43 

55 

39 



Somerset Co . , Pa. 
Allegany Co. 
Bedford Co. , Pa. 
Fulton Co. , Pa. 
Washington Co. 
Morgan Co. , W. Va. 
Hampshire Co., W. Va. 
Mineral Co., W. Va. 
Garrett Co. 
Grant Co. , W. Va. 
Pittsburgh, Pa. SMSA 
Franklin Co. , Pa. 



35 
24,836 
33 

5 

177 

29 

45 

866 

100 

17 

27 



(continued on following page) 



NO. 70 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 



(WESTERN MARYLAND) 



FROM GARRETT 



(SOUTHERN MARYLAND) 



Places of Work 
Johnstown City, Pa. 
Somerset Co. , Pa. 
Garrett Co. 
Preston Co. , W. Va. 
Tucker Co . , W. Va. 
Grant Co. , W. Va. 
Mineral Co. , W. Va. 
Allegany Co. 
Fayette Co. , Pa. 
Monongalia Co., W. Va. 

FROM WASHINGTON 



Washington, D. C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Montgomery Co. 
D. C. SMSA - Va. part 
Baltimore City 





FROM CALVERT (Cont'd.) 




Commuters 


Places of Work 


Commuters 


6 


Anne Arundel Co. 


291 


112 


Baltimore Co. 


39 


4,338 


Carroll Co. 


6 


117 


Howard Co. 


6 


38 


Calvert Co. 


3,799 


110 


Charles Co. 


153 


84 


St. Mary's Co. 


93 


712 


Dorchester Co. 


5 


72 






26 


FROM CHARLES 
Places of Work 





Places of Work 




Baltimore City 


141 


Baltimore Co. 


74 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


140 


Washington, D. C. 


193 


Loudoun Co. , Va. 


15 


Prince William Co., Va. 


7 


D. C. SMSA - Va. part 


74 


D. C. SMSA - Md. part 


298 


York, Pa. SMSA 


71 


Harrisburg, Pa. SMSA 


25 


Washington Co. 


32,234 


Frederick Co. 


917 


Franklin Co . , Pa. 


1,056 


Fulton Co. , Pa. 


50 


Allegany Co. 


43 


Morgan Co. , W. Va . 


141 


Berkeley Co. , W. Va. 


531 


Jefferson Co., W. Va. 


125 


Bedford Co. , Pa. 


7 


(SOUTHERN MARYLAND) 




FROM CALVERT 




Places of Work 





599 

1,009 

107 

129 

21 



Washington, D. C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Montgomery Co. 
Fairfax Co. 
Prince William Co., 
Arlington Co. , Va. 
Alexandria, Va. 
Falls Church, Va. 
Charles Co. 
St. Mary's Co. 
Calvert Co. 
King George Co. , Va. 
Baltimore SMSA 
Culpeper Co. , Va. 

FROM ST. MARY'S 
Places of Work 
Washington, D. C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Alexandria, Va. 
Arlington Co. , 
Montgomery Co. 
St. Mary's Co. 
Charles Co. 
Calvert Co. 
Baltimore City 
Balto. SMSA - r 



Va. 



2,789 

2,333 

191 

121 

8 

134 

189 

15 

9,156 

191 

115 

51 

123 



274 

198 

28 

26 

26 

14,763 

534 

218 

207 

32 



(continued on following page) 



NO. 70 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 



(EASTERN SHORE) 



FROM CECIL 






Places of Work 


Commuters 


Wilmington, Del. - CBD 




72 


Wilmington - remainder 




797 


New Castle Co. , Del. - remainder 2 


,521 


Cecil Co. 


13 


,926 


Salem Co. , N. J. 




22 


Baltimore City 




79 


Baltimore Co. 




141 


Harford Co. 


1 


,320 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 




4 


Philadelphia, Pa. 




48 


Chester Co. , Pa. 




181 


Delaware Co. , Pa. 




63 


Phila. SMSA - remainder 




123 


Pa part 






Phila. SMSA - remainder 




44 


N. J. part 






Lancaster, Pa. 




18 


Lancaster - remainder 




79 


York, Pa. 




54 


Kent Co. 




56 


Kent Co. , Del. 




64 


FROM KENT 






Places of Work 







Wilmington, Del. 163 
New Castle Co. , Del. - remainder 274 

Cecil Co. 120 

Baltimore City 45 

Anne Arundel Co. 12 

Baltimore Co. 7 

Harford Co. 16 

Kent Co. 4,862 

Queen Anne's Co. 165 

Kent Co., Del. 112 

Caroline Co. 22 

Talbot Co. 13 

Sussex Co. , Del. 6 

Dorchester Co. 13 

D. C. SMSA - Md. part 7 



( EASTERN SHORE) 

FROM QUEEN ANNE'S 
Places of Work 
Baltimore City 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Baltimore Co. 
Balto . SMSA - remainder 
Wilmington, Del. 
New Castle Co. , Del - 

remainder 
Queen Anne's Co. 
Kent Co. 
Kent Co. , Del. 
Caroline Co. 
Talbot Co. 
Sussex Co. 
Dorchester Co. 
Washington, D. C. 
D. C. SMSA - remainder - 

Md. part 
D. C. SMSA - remainder - 

Va. part 

FROM TALBOT 
Places of Work 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Washington, D. C. 
Wilmington, Del. 
Talbot Co. 
Queen Anne's Co. 
Caroline Co. 
Dorchester Co. 
Kent Co. , Del. 
Sussex Co. , Del. 
Wicomico Co . 
Kent Co. 



41 

496 

149 

29 

24 

107 

4,469 

769 

170 

94 

212 

7 

28 

54 

71 

14 



55 

26 

28 

29 

19 

20 

,182 

138 

188 

227 

6 

46 

42 

49 



(continued on following page) 



NO. 70 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 



(EASTERN SHORE) 



FROM CAROLINE 




Places of Work 


Commuters 


Baltimore Co. 


33 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


80 


Caroline Co. 


4,574 


Queen Anne ' s Co . 


87 


Talbot Co. 


533 


Dorchester Co. 


221 


Sussex Co. , Del. 


480 


Kent Co. , Del. 


686 


Wicomico Co. 


23 


Wilmington, Del. 


5 


New Castle Co. , Del. - 


remainder 60 


Cecil Co. 


7 


Kent Co. 


104 


Prince George's Co. 


17 


Montgomery Co. 


42 


Somerset Co. 


10 


FROM DORCHESTER 




Places of Work 





(EASTERN SHORE) 



FROM WICOMICO (Cont'd.) 
Places of Work 



Dorchester Co. 
Talbot Co. 
Caroline Co. 
Sussex Co. , Del. 
Wicomico Co. 
Somerset Co. 
Worcester Co. 
Accomack Co. , Va. 
Queen Anne's Co. 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co . 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Washington, D. C. 
Prince George's Co. 

FROM WICOMICO 
Places of Work 
Wicomico Co. 
Dorchester Co. 
Sussex Co. , Del. 
Worcester Co. 
Somerset Co. 



9,790 

245 

301 

456 

230 

6 

13 

4 

51 

6 

28 

72 

16 

24 

6 



17,521 
155 
821 
660 
168 



Caroline Co. 
Talbot Co. 
Accomack Co. , Va. 
Kent Co. , Del. 
Queen Anne ' s Co . 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore Co. 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Washington, D. C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Montgomery Co. 

FROM SOMERSET 
Places of Work 
Somerset Co. 
Wicomico Co. 
Worcester Co. 
Accomack Co. , Va. 
Sussex Co. , Del. 
Talbot Co. 
Caroline Co. 
Queen Anne's Co. 
Kent Co. 

Anne Arundel Co. 
Baltimore Co. 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Washington, D. C. 

FROM WORCESTER 



Places of Work 
Worcester Co. 
Sussex Co. , Del. 
Accomack Co. , Va. 
Somerset Co. 
Wicomico Co. 
Dorchester Co. 
Caroline Co. 
Wilmington, Del. 
Cecil Co. 



22 
34 
13 
45 
16 

6 
34 
48 

7 
29 
11 
50 



4,527 

995 

210 

53 

61 

12 

7 

5 

9 

25 

16 

20 

5 



6,746 

303 

235 

135 

678 

22 

6 

17 

226 



(continued on following page) 



-119- 





NO. 


70 






DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 


1970 (Cont'd. 


) 


(WASHINGTON, D. C. SMSA) 




(WASHINGTON, D. C. SMSA) 




FROM PRINCE GEORGE'S 




FROM MONTGOMERY 






Places of Work 


Commuters 


Places of Work 




Commuters 


Washington, D. C. - CBD 


23,384 


Washington, D. C. 


- CBD 


20,240 


D. C. - remainder 


74,567 


D. C. - remainder 




47,665 


Montgomery Co. 


21,418 


Montgomery Co. 




110,587 


Prince George's Co. 


111,239 


Prince George's Co 




12,668 


Arlington Co., Va. 


7,917 


Arlington Co., Va. 




5,259 


Alexandria, Va. 


2,182 


Alexandria, Va. 




806 


Fairfax, Va. 


304 


Fairfax, Va. 




240 


Falls Church, Va. 


275 


Falls Church, Va . 




291 


Fairfax Co . , Va. 


3,561 


Fairfax Co. , Va. 




2,861 


Loudoun Co. , Va. 


52 


Loudoun Co. , Va. 




113 


Prince William Co. , Va. 


147 


Prince William Co. 


, Va. 


109 


Baltimore City 


1,362 


Baltimore City 




438 


Baltimore Co. 


1,258 


Baltimore Co. 




413 


Anne Arundel Co. 


8,438 


Anne Arundel Co. 




1,454 


Howard Co. 


1,087 


Howard Co. 




743 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


27 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


55 


Charles Co. 


1,627 


Frederick Co. 




335 


Calvert Co . 


145 


Fauquier Co. , Va. 




22 


St. Mary's Co. 


121 


Washington Co. 




27 


Source: Maryland Department 


of State Planning. 







NO. 71 
ARMED SERVICES PERSONNEL IN MARYLAND AND UNITED STATES: SEPTEMBER 30, 1978 



TOTAL MILITARY 
JURISDICTION MILITARY CIVILIAN AND CIVILIAN 



MARYLAND 
Anny n - 



TOTAL DEPARTMENT 
OF DEFENSE 

UNITED STATES 
Army 
Navy^ J 
Air Force 

TOTAL DEPARTMENT 
OF DEFENSE 



11,892 


14,209 


26,101 


9,710 


5,942 


15,652 


2,097 


565 


2,662 


23,699 


21,505 (2) 


45,204 (2) 


489,008 


317,612 


806,620 


400,140 


285,867 


686,007 


458,156 


224,280 


682,436 


1,347,304 


894,544 (2) 


2,241,848 (2) 



and Office of the Secretary. 

Source: Department of Defense, Distribution of Personnel by State — By Selected Locations 
as of September 30, 1978 . 



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-124- 



(1) 



DISTRIBUTION OF MARYLAND STATE EMPLOYEES 

SUBDIVISION: NOVEMBER 1979 



BY POLITICAL 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF 
EMPLOYEES 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF 
EMPLOYEES 



MARYLAND 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Baltimore City 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 



47,753 

1,391 
5,938 

7,508 
13,231 
214 
243 
2,027 
373 
308 
813 
800 
272 
942 



Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne ' s 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Unknown MD County 

Out-of-State 



1,248 

167 

1,097 

2,279 

473 

562 

303 

313 

1,594 

1,328 

345 

3,392 

592 



(1) 



Does not include employees of the Department of Transportation (except Motor Vehicle 



Administration) or employees of the University of Maryland. 
Source: Unpublished data furnished by the Central Payroll Bureau, November, 1979. 



-125- 



DISTRIBUTION OF MARYLAND STATE ROADS COMMISSION 
EMPLOYEES, BY WORKING LOCATIONS: MAY 1979 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 



6,244 



Total Districts 

id) 



District 1 
District 2 
District 3 



District 5 



(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(5) 
(6) 
(7) 



District 7 



Toll Facilities 



(8) 



168 
318 
297 
282 
402 
211 
202 



(5) 



(6) 



(7) 



Includes Dorchester, Somerset, Wicomico and Worcester Counties. 

Includes Caroline, Cecil, Kent, Queen Anne's and Talbot Counties. 

Includes Montgomery and Prince George's Counties. 

Includes Baltimore and Harford Counties. 

Includes Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles and St. Mary's Counties. 

Includes Allegany, Garrett and Washington Counties. 

Includes Carroll, Frederick and Howard Counties. 



(8) 



Includes all personnel at the Chesapeake Bay, J.F. Kennedy, Potomac River and 
Susquehanna River Bridges, the Baltimore Harbor Tunnel, and F.S. Key Memorial 
Bridge (Md. 695). 



Source: Department of Transportation, State Highway Administration, Office of 
Finance and Program Management. 



-126- 



NO. 77 
WORK STOPPAGES IN MARYLAND AND UNITED STATES: 1970-1977 









STOPPAGES 


BEGINNING 












IN YEAR 


MAN DAYS IDLE DURING YEAR 










PERCENT OF 










WORKERS 




ESTIMATED TOTAL 


YEAR 


JURISDICTION 




NUMBER 


INVOLVED 


NUMBER 


WORKING TIMEU) 


1977 


United States 


(2) 


5,506 


2,040,100 


35,821,800 


.17 




Maryland 




43 


12,200 


126,400 


.03 


1976 


United States 


(2) 


5,648 


2,420,000 


37,859,000 


.19 




Maryland 




52 


21,000 


390,900 


.10 


1975 


United States 


(2) 


5,031 


1,746,000 


31,237,000 


.16 




Maryland 




58 


22,900 


590,900 


.16 


1974 


United States 


(2) 


6,744 


2,778,000 


47,991,000 


.24 




Maryland 




69 


36,300 


487,200 


.14 


1973 


United States 


(2) 


5,353 


2,250,700 


27,948,400 


.16 




Maryland 




69 


19,800 


250,100 


.05 


1972 


United States 


(2) 


5,010 


1,714,000 


27,066,000 


.17 




Maryland 




65 


21,000 


289,100 


N/A 


1971 


United States 


(2) 


5,138 


3,280,000 


47,589,000 


.32 




Maryland 




79 


46,300 


558,400 


N/A 



N/A Not available. 

(1) Private nonfarn. 

(2) Stoppages extending across state lines have been counted separately in each state 
affected; workers involved and man days idle were allocated among the states. 

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Analysis of Work Stoppages , 
for years stated. 



MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND PAYROLLS 

While the primary cause of economic growth has been in the non- 
manufacturing sector, certainly manufacturing represents a major factor 
in Maryland's economy, with 15.2 percent of the non-agricultural wage and 
salary employment. Annual average employment in manufacturing was 242,000 
employees in 1978, or approximately 12.5 percent of the total employment 
in Maryland 

Manufacturing employment has been rising since 1975, and payrolls 
have increased significantly (33 percent) over this period. The largest 
manufacturing payrolls in Maryland during 1977 were in the primary metals, 
electrical equipment, and transportation equipment industries. 

Average weekly earnings for all manufacturing in the State rose 
from $218.59 in 1976 to $257.75 in 1978 while average hourly earnings rose 
from $5.52 to $6.46 during the same period. 

Value added figures for 1977 we 
products, electric and electronic equipment, primary metals, machinery 
excluding electrical, and chemicals and allied products. While ranking 
somewhat below certain other mid-eastern states in value added, Maryland 
experienced a percentage growth of 51 percent over the 1972 to 1977 time 
period. 

Historically, Baltimore City has been the dominant location for 
manufacturing firms in Maryland. In 1978 that political subdivision had 
virtually 36 percent of the firms in the State. Next in order, in terms 
of number of firms, but far behind, are Baltimore (264), Montgomery (203), 
Prince George's (198), and Anne Arundel (111) counties. 



The difference between the value of goods and the cost of materials 
or supplies that are used in producing them. Value Added is derived by sub- 
tracting the cost of raw materials, parts, supplies, fuel, goods purchased 
for resale, electric energy, and contract work from the value of shipments. 

-128- 



NO. 78 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES IN MANUFACTURING: 







MARYLAND AND SELECTED OTHER AREAS: 


1963 


-1977^ ; 










IN THOUSANDS 








YEAR 


USA 


SOUTH m 
ATLANTIC 1 ; 


MARYLAND 




BALTIMORE 
SMSA 


WASHINGTON 
SMSA C } 


1977 


1°, 727.2 


2,823.7 


241.9 




166.5 


59.3 


1976 


18,753.0 


2,734.5 


242.8 




164.9 


61.8 


1975 


18,302.2 


2,616.6 


244.0 




167.5 


64.0 


1974 


19,844.8 


2,845.5 


259.3 




181.6 


62.8 


1973 


19,871.0 


2,861.5 


263.4 




184.9 


58.9 


1972 


19,026.8 


2,739.1 


255.6 




179.7 


54.9 


1971 


18,363.1 


2,580.2 


254.4 




178.5 


52.8 


1970 


19,217.2 


2,618.0 


272.4 




194.8 


55.2 


1969 


20,035.5 


2,673.3 


289.4 




208.0 


57.3 


1968 


19,527.6 


2,572.4 


284.7 




206.7 


55.1 


1967 


19,323.2 


2,501.5 


287.6 




209.7 


55.5 


1966 


19,024.0 


2,415.5 


288.6 




206.5 


55.1 


1965 


18,010.2 


2,285.2 


270.7 




193.7 


53.1 


1964 


17,268.5 


2,182.0 


263.0 




190.2 


52.5 


1963 


16,958.4 


2,124.8 


263.7 




190.5 


50.1 


(1) 1972 


, 1967 and 1963 are census years and are recorded In the 


Census of Manufactures. 


All 


other years represent estimates 


derived from a representative sample 


of manufac- 


turing establishments 


canvassed in the Annual Survey of 


Manu 


factures and 


may there- 



fore differ from results that would have been obtained from a complete canvas of all 
manufacturing establishments. 



(2) 



Includes : 

Maryland 

Delaware 

West Virginia 

District of Columbia 

Virginia 



North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Georgia 
Florida 



(3) 



The definition of this SMSA was revised for 1972. Historical data prior to 1972 are 
based on the old definition. Data tabulated under the new 1972 definition differ by 
5 percent or less from 1972 data tabulated under the old definition. 



U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Manufactures , 
Preliminary Report issued October, 1979, Geographic Area Series; 
Annual Survey of Manufactures 1973 , Area Statistics, M73(AS)-6. 



NO. 79 

MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND BY STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION, 

PY PLACE OF WORK, ANNUAL AVERAGES: 1978, 1977 AND 1976 

(RANKED BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES IN 1973) 

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES PERCENTAGE CHANGE 
(IN THOUSANDS) 
SIC INDUSTRY 1978 1977 1976 1978/77 1978/76 

All Manufacturing Total 
Durable Goods Total 

33 Primary Metal Industries 

36 Electrical Equipment 

37 Transportation Equipment 
35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 
32 Stone, Clay & Glass Products 

38 Instruments & Miscellaneous Manufacturing 6.3 

24 Lumber and Wood Products 

25 Furniture & Fixtures 
Non-durable Goods Total 
20 Food & Kindred Products 

27 Printing and Publishing 
23 Apparel & Related Products 

28 Chemicals & Allied Products 

30 Rubber & Miscellaneous Plastic Products 

26 Paper and Allied Products 

31 Leather & Leather Products 
22 Textile Mill Products 

29 Petroleum & Coal Products 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Employment 



242.0 


235.1 


232.4 


2.9 


4.1 


133.9 


127.6 


125.5 


4.9 


6.7 


30.7 


30.0 


30.1 


2.3 


2.0 


27.7 


25.5 


24.0 


8.6 


15.4 


19.5 


18.0 


21.4 


8.3 


-8.9 


19.5 


17.9 


14.5 


8.9 


34.5 


11.6 


12.1 


11.9 


-4.1 


-2.5 


9.7 


9.5 


9.7 


2.1 


0.0 


6.3 


6.1 


5.9 


3.3 


6.8 


4.9 


4.6 


4.3 


6.5 


14.0 


4.0 


3.9 


3.7 


2.6 


8.1 


108.1 


107.5 


106.9 


0.6 


1.1 


29.8 


31.1 


31.8 


-4.2 


-6.3 


21.9 


21.6 


19.9 


1.4 


10.1 


17.6 


16.6 


16.9 


6.0 


4.1 


14.2 


14.3 


14.0 


-0.7 


1.4 


10.3 


9.8 


9.6 


5.1 


7.3 


9.9 


10.0 


10.2 


-1.0 


-2.9 


2.0 


2.0 


1.9 


0.0 


5.3 


1.3 


1.3 


1.5 


0.0 


-13.3 


1.1 


0.8 


1.1 


37.5 


0.0 



NO. 80 

MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN THE BALTIMORE SMSA BY SELECTED STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 
ANNUAL AVERAGES: 1978, 1977 and 1976 

(RANKED BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES IN 1978) 



All Manufacturing Total 
Durable Goods Total 

33 Primary Metal Industries 

36 Electrical Equipment 

37 Transportation Equipment 

35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 

32 Stone, Clay and Glass Products 

25 Furniture and Fixtures 

38 Instruments and Misc. Manufacturing 
24 Lumber and Wood Products 
Non-Durable Goods Total ^ } 

20 Food and Kindred Products 

27 Printing and Publishing 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 
23 Apparel and Related Products 

26 Paper and Allied Products 

30 Rubber and Misc. Plastic Products 

22 Textile Mill Products 

29 Petroleum and Coal Products 



NUMBER 


OF EMPLOYEES 


PERCENTAGE 


(IN THOUSANDS) 




CHANGE 




1978 


1977 


1976 


1978/77 


1978/76 


164.3 


161.2 


160.8 


1.9 


2.2 


99.2 


95.9 


95.4 


3.4 


4.0 


29.1 


28.8 


28.7 


1.0 


1.4 


19.8 


18.5 


18.2 


7.0 


8.8 


15.2 


14.0 


14.4 


8.6 


5.6 


11.3 


11.0 


11.1 


2.7 


1.8 


8.7 


9.2 


8.8 


-5.4 


-1.1 


6.7 


6.5 


6.5 


3.1 


3.1 


3.1 


2.9 


2.8 


6.9 


10.7 


2.7 


2.7 


2.7 


0.0 


0.0 


2.6 


2.3 


2.2 


13.0 


18.2 


65.1 


65.3 


65.5 


-0.3 


-0.6 


14.8 


16.2 


15.9 


-8.6 


6.9 


12.0 


12.0 


11.8 


0.0 


1.7 


11.3 


11.4 


11.1 


-0.9 


1.8 


10.9 


10.4 


10.5 


4.8 


3.8 


7.7 


7.6 


7.7 


1.3 


0.0 


6.1 


5.7 


5.7 


7.0 


7.0 


0.8 


0.8 


1.0 


0.0 


-0.2 


0.9 


0.7 


1.0 


28.6 


-0.1 



Non-additive. 
Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Employment . 



-131- 



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MANUFACTURING PAYROLLS IN MARYLAND: RANK BY 
DOLLAR VALUE IN 1977: 1977 and 1976 



PFRPFNT 

SIC INDUSTRY 1977 1976 CHANGE 

1977/76 

All Manufacturing Total $3,220,595,792 $2,949,655,411 9.2 

Durable Goods Total 1,983,573,170 1,812,992,773 9.4 

Non-durable Goods Total 1,237,022,622 1,136,662,638 8.8 

33 Primary Metal Industries 559,598,169 513,940,255 8.9 

36 Electrical Equipment and Supplies 390,342,501 361,100,608 8.1 

37 Transportation Equipment 385,982,842 337,939,982 14.2 
20 Food and Kindred Products 334,680,148 312,083,303 7.2 

27 Printing and Publishing 280,289,756 245,003,754 14.4 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 208,289,129 187,720,416 11.0 
35 Machinery, except Electrical 198,596,080 185,261,338 7.2 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 169,897,161 151,966,597 11.8 
32 Stone, Clay and Glass Products 130,480,361 130,155,976 0.2 

23 Apparel and Related Products 132,747,726 125,318,947 5.9 
26 Paper and Allied Products 123,362,338 115,262,002 7.0 
30 Rubber and Plastics Products, 

N.E.C. 119,374,380 108,280,717 10.2 

24 Lumber and Wood Products 43,361,131 36,950,943 17.3 

25 Furniture and Fixtures 37,272,294 33,939,698 9.8 
22 Textile Mill Products 10,767,634 14,761,120 -27.1 

All Other Durable Goods 68,042,630 61,737,376 10.2 

All Other Non-durable Goods 27,511,511 28,232,380 - 2.6 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Employment and Payrolls Covered by the 
Unemployment Insurance Law of Maryland , 1977 and 1976. 



NO. 83 



NUMBER OF MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1978, 1977, 1970, 1960, 1950 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



1960 



MARYLAND 



2,344 



2,416 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne' s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



55 


57 


56 


81 


67 


111 


115 


99 


104 


59 


841 


860 


1,100 


1,513 


1,738 


264 


266 


244 


208 


130 


9 


10 


17 


20 


7 


26 


27 


33 


49 


52 


56 


56 


67 


89 


83 


40 


42 


52 


64 


57 


21 


25 


22 


30 


18 


52 


54 


65 


82 


67 


65 


66 


67 


83 


78 


17 


17 


23 


36 


33 


42 


45 


47 


71 


54 


51 


59 


29 


24 


18 


15 


15 


20 


26 


21 


203 


209 


168 


131 


79 


198 


188 


178 


145 


71 


20 


20 


21 


24 


9 


9 


12 


23 


39 


20 


32 


30 


41 


61 


50 


37 


41 


51 


58 


44 


78 


77 


103 


114 


124 


72 


74 


77 


102 


112 


30 


28 


38 


55 


70 



Nondis tributable 



23 



Maryland Department of Human Resources, 
Unemployment Insurance Law of Maryland , 



Employment and Payrolls Covered by the 
first quarter issue for the stated years. 



-134- 



NO. 84 

MANUFACTURING PAYROLLS, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES, REGIONALLY 
RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH: 1978 and 1976 



REGION AND STATE 



UNITED STATES 



MIDEAST 
Delaware 
Pennsylvania 
MARYLAND 
New Jersey 
New York 
District of Columbia 

SOUTHEAST 
Florida 
Arkansas 
Alabama 
Louisiana 
Kentucky 
Tennessee 
Mississippi 
Virginia 
South Carolina 
North Carolina 
Georgia 
West Virginia 



1978 


1976 


PERCENT CHANGE 


($1,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


1978/76 


$345,419 


$271,624 


27.2 


68,887 


57,011 


20.8 


1,525 


1,249 


22.1 


23,370 


19,179 


21.9 


4,114 


3,379 


21.8 


13,621 


11,328 


20.2 


25,947 


21,598 


20.1 


310 


278 


11.5 


60,696 


47,577 


27.6 


5,937 


4,299 


38.1 


2,695 


2,010 


34.1 


5,154 


3,985 


29.3 


3,630 


2,815 


29.0 


4,664 


3,635 


28.3 


6,998 


5,479 


27.7 


2,827 


2,217 


27.5 


5,757 


4,573 


25.9 


4,867 


3,876 


25.6 


9,442 


7,595 


24.3 


6,462 


5,238 


23.4 


2,261 


1,855 


21.9 



Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business , 
August, 1979 . 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES ENGAGED IN MANUFACTURING, MARYLAND AND SELECTED 

EASTERN STATES, REGIONALLY RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH IN TOTAL EMPLOYEES: 

1977 and 1972 



REGION AND STATE 



TOTAL EMPLOYEES 



PRODUCTION WORKERS 



1977 
(1,000) 



1972 1977 1972 

(1,000) (1,000) (1,000) 



PERCENT GROWTH 



TOTAL EMPLOYEES 
1977/72 



UNITED STATES 



19,727 



13,713 



13,527 



Delaware 


69 


Pennsylvania 


1,347 


MARYLAND 


242 


New Jersey 


784 


New York 


1,551 


SOUTHEAST 





South Carolina 

Kentucky 

Virginia 

Alabama 

Tennessee 

Georgia 

North Carolina 

West Virginia 



375 
277 
395 
340 
488 
484 
764 
119 



69 


33 


38 


NC 


1,418 


938 


1,015 


-5.0 


256 


162 


177 


-5.5 


836 


491 


547 


-6.2 


1,679 


985 


1,076 


-7.6 


345 


301 


283 


8.7 


259 


208 


200 


6.9 


375 


302 


293 


5.3 


323 


272 


262 


5.3 


467 


373 


367 


4.5 


468 


376 


369 


3.4 


744 


610 


604 


2.7 


121 


91 


93 


-1.7 



U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Manufactures , 
Preliminary Report issued October, 1979, Geographic Area Series; 
Annual Survey of Manufactures 1973 , Area Statistics, M73(AS)-6. 



VALUE ADDED BY MANUFACTURE, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES, 
REGIONALLY RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH: 1977 and 1972 



VALUE ADDED PERCENT 

($1,000,000) CHANGE 



1972 1977/72 



REGION AND STATE 



UNITED STATES $585,798 $353,973 65.5 

MIDEAST 

Pennsylvania 35,998 23,519 53.1 

MARYLAND 7,109 4,707 51.0 

New York 44,677 30,404 46.9 

New Jersey 23,197 16,409 41.4 

Delaware 1,618 1,292 25.2 

SOUTHEAST 

Virginia 10,765 6,178 74.2 

Georgia 12,500 7,386 69.2 

Kentucky 9,440 5,682 66.1 

Tennessee 12,635 7,662 64.9 

North Carolina 18,105 11,015 64.4 

South Carolina 8,095 4,966 63.0 

Alabama 8,349 5,065 64.8 

West Virginia 3,908 2,647 47.6 



U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Manufactures , 
Preliminary Report issued October, 1979, Geographic Area Series; 
Annual Survey of Manufactures 1973 , Area Statistics, M73(AS)-6. 



-137- 



VALUE ADDED BY PRINCIPAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN MARYLAND, 
BY DOLLAR VOLUME: 1977 and 1972 



1977 
($1,000,000) 



1972 
($1,000,000) 



PERCENT 

CHANGE 

1977/72 



ALL INDUSTRIES 



$7,108.7 



$4,706.9 



20 
36 

33 
35 
28 
37 
27 
26 
34 
23 
32 
24 
39 
38 
25 
29 
31 
22 
30 



Food and Kindred Products 1,021.9 
Electric and Electronic 

Equipment 957.1 

Primary Metals 843.4 

Machinery, Excluding Electrical 714.6 

Chemicals and Allied Products 683.9 

Transportation Equipment 582.9 

Printing and Publishing 480.8 

Paper and Allied Products 326.0 

Fabricated Metal Products 319.8 

Apparel 294.9 

Stone, Clay and Glass Products 260.3 

Lumber and Wood Products 92.8 

Miscellaneous 78.3 

Instruments and Related Products 69.6 

Furniture and Fixtures 49.2 

Petroleum and Coal Products 40.0 

Leather and Leather Products 33.5 

Textile Products 18.1 

Rubber and Misc. Plastic Products Not shown 



508.2 


88.3 


626.5 


34.6 


396.2 


80.4 


415.0 


64.8 


440.8 


32.2 


345.2 


39.3 


159.5 


104.4 


253.9 


26.0 


216.5 


36.2 


228.7 


13.8 


74.5 


24.6 


47.4 


65.2 


48.6 


43.2 


40.4 


21.8 


33.5 


19.4 


25.0 


34.0 


19.2 


-5.7 


140.0 





Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Manufactures , 
Preliminary Report issued October, 1979, Geographic Area Series, MC77-A-21(P) ; 
Annual Survey of Manufactures 1973 , Area Statistics, M73(AS)-6. 



-138- 



NO. 88 

AVERAGE WEEKLY AND AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 

IN MARYLAND BY PLACE OF WORK: 1978 and 1976 

(RANKED BY 1978 DOLLAR VALUE OF AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNING) 



WEEKLY EARNINGS HOURLY EARNINGS 

1978 1976 1978 1976 



All Manufacturing Average 
Durable Goods Average 
Non-durable Goods Average 

33 Primary Metals Industries* 

37 Transportation Equipment* 
28 Chemicals and Allied Products 
32 Stone, Clay and Glass Products*282 .46 

35 Machinery, except Electrical* 
2 7 Printing and Publishing 

34 Fabricated Metal Products* 

36 Electric and Electronic 
Equipment 

26 Paper and Allied Products 
20 Food and Kindred Products 

38 Instruments and Miscellaneous 
Manufacturing* 

24 Lumber and Wood Products* 

25 Furniture and Fixtures* 

22 Textile Mill Products 

23 Apparel and Related Products 
31 Leather and Leather Products 



257.75 


$218.59 


$6.46 


$5.52 


293.35 


246.83 


7.19 


6.14 


216.06 


186.03 


5.54 


4.77 


379.25 


306.59 


9.25 


7.57 


342.77 


287.75 


8.34 


7.07 


283.53 


241.12 


6.64 


5.66 


282.46 


234.99 


6.94 


5.86 


273.88 


221.91 


6.68 


5.69 


273.31 


227.40 


6.99 


6.00 


251.93 


218.29 


6.19 


5.43 


226.59 


194.25 


5.54 


4.82 


212.27 


182.74 


5.19 


4.49 


208.83 


185.02 


5.41 


4.72 


203.60 


N/A 


5.09 


N/A 


182.28 


N/A 


4.65 


N/A 


175.64 


N/A 


4.38 


N/A 


153.90 


133.90 


4.05 


3.46 


146.58 


128.49 


4.20 


3.64 


138.36 


118.01 


3.67 


2.98 



*Durable Goods Industries 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division. 



TRADE 

Trade activity encompasses retail trade, wholesale trade, and 
selected services. Figures developed by the United States Bureau of the 
Census in its business censuses are quite interesting. Also included in 
this edition for the first time are data indicating the impact of travel 
expenditures on the Maryland economy, an esitmated total of over 1.7 billion 
dollars. 

More than 28,300 retail establishments were situated in Maryland 
in 1977 and their aggregate sales were approximately $14.4 billion. These 
figures represent a 6.1 percent increase in the number of establishments 
and a 52.7 percent increase in dollar volume from the data reported five 
years earlier. Eating and drinking places, food stores, and gasoline 
service stations were the more frequently reported types of establishments 
of those categorized, while food stores, automotive dealers, and general 
merchandise group stores reported for higher dollar volumes. 

The number of wholesale trade establishments grew by nearly 6 percent 
over the same period, and a 65.5 percent dollar volume increase was shown. 
Establishments dealing in machinery, motor vehicles and automotive equipment, 
and groceries were the more frequently reported, and dollar volume rankings 
showed motor vehicle and automotive equipment, machinery, and grocery 
establishments leading the list. 



ESTIMATED TRAVEL EXPENDITURES AND TRAVEL 
GENERATED EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1976 

RANKED BY EXPENDITURE LEVELS 



Total Travel 
Expenditures 
(Thousands) 



Travel 
Generated 
Employment 

(Jobs) 



MARYLAND 

Baltimore City 

Montgomery 

Worcester 

Baltimore 

Anne Arundel 

Prince George's 

Washington 

Harford 

Allegany 

Talbot 

Wicomico 

Frederick 

Howard 

Charles 

Cecil 

St. Mary's 

Garrett 

Kent 

Queen Anne' s 

Carroll 

Dorchester 

Calvert 

Somerset 

Caroline 



$1,753,£ 



371,000 

280,597 

242,860 

173,705 

172,198 

160,999 

77,841 

63,684 

35,692 

31,650 

26,167 

22,672 

19,210 

14,915 

11,370 

8,708 

8,532 

6,169 

5,725 

5,194 

5,056 

4,415 

3,130 

2,401 



62,843 

12,843 

10,422 

9,514 

6,242 

5,645 

5,561 

2,788 

2,094 

1,350 

1,218 

969 

831 

697 

534 

394 

311 

311 

231 

206 

143 

182 

160 

115 

80 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Travel Service, County Travel 
Economic Impact Model (CTEIM) 1976 . 



NO. 90 
TRADE ACTIVITY IN MARYLAND, ESTABLISHMENTS WITH PAYROLL ONLY: 197 7 



TYPE OF ACTIVITY 



NUMBER OF 
ESTABLISHMENTS 



SALES OR 
RECEIPTS 
1977 ($1,000) 



APPROXIMATE 
PERCENT CHANGE 

1977/1972 
SALES PAYROLL 

OR ENTIRE 
RECEIPTS YEAR 



Retail Trade 21,290 

Building Materials, Hardware, 

Garden Supply and Mobil Home 

Dealers 846 

General Merchandise 520 

Food Stores 2,844 

Automotive Dealers 1,388 

Gasoline Service Stations 2,249 

Apparel and Accessory Stores 1,900 
Furniture, Home Furnishings and 

Equipment 1,506 

Eating and Drinking Places 5,051 

Drug and Proprietary Stores 737 

Miscellaneous Retail Stores 4,249 

Wholesale Trade 5,019 

Durable Goods 3,245 
Motor Vehicles and Automotive Parts 

and Supplies 560 

Furniture and Home Furnishings 187 
Sporting, Recreational, Photographs 

and Hobby Goods, Toys and Supplies 86 
Metals and Minerals, except 

Petroleum 98 

Nondurable Goods 1,774 

Apparel, Piece Goods 93 

Groceries and Related Products 550 

Farm Product Raw Materials 78 

Petroleum and Petroleum Products 171 



519,271 
2,030,893 
3,129,454 
2,800,752 
1,189,725 

679,342 

607,975 
1,229,518 

514,343 
1,409,578 

16,900,800 
9,947,032 

3,358,397 
356,416 

117,639 

754,550 
6,953,768 

279,328 
2,280,435 

450,716 
1,580,511 



52 
69 



Selected Services 

Hotels, Motels, etc. 
Personal Services 
Business Services 
Automotive Repair and Services 
Miscellaneous Repair Services 
Amusement and Recreation Services 
Dental Laboratories 
Legal Services 

Architectural, Engineering and 
Land-Surveying Services 



12,569 

436 

2,975 

3,020 

1,613 

989 

1,067 

97 

1,712 



3,092,578 
203,384 
298,962 

1,161,377 
322,870 
179,328 
275,586 
15,911 
270,190 

364,970 



U.S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 1977 Census of Retail Trade , 
RC 77-A-21; 1977 Census of Wholesale Trade , WC 77-A-21; 1972 Census of Wholesale 
Trade , WC 72-A-21; 1977 Census of Service Industries , SC 77-A-21. 



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-145- 



NO. 92 
MARYLAND RETAIL TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1977 







ALL ESTABLISHMENTS 


] 


ESTABLISHMENTS WITH 


PAYROLL 






















PAYROLL 




POLITICAL 








SALES 








SALES 


ENTIRE YEAR 


PAID 


SUBDIVISION 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


EMPLOYEES V ' 


MARYLAND 


28 


,344 


14 


,377,108 


21 


,290 


14 


,110,851 


1,803,341 


261,952 


Allegany 




728 




275,550 




520 




265,877 


32,116 


4,849 


Anne Arundel 


2 


,217 


1 


,215,748 


1 


,669 


1 


,197,855 


151,048 


22,297 


Baltimore City 


5 


,595 


2 


,088,617 


4 


,212 


2 


,030,106 


294,893 


43,692 


Baltimore 


4 


,598 


2 


,653,492 


3 


,565 


2 


,616,035 


325,919 


49,194 


Calvert 




187 




58,766 




138 




56,954 


6,377 


916 


Caroline 




225 




57,630 




137 




53,833 


5,197 


761 


Carroll 




702 




238,562 




449 




229,177 


25,900 


3,927 


Cecil 




437 




177,635 




323 




172,741 


16,491 


2,742 


Charles 




442 




193,593 




310 




188,323 


21,841 


3,098 


Dorchester 




310 




86,758 




203 




82,483 


9,931 


1,520 


Frederick 




766 




351,702 




583 




344,412 


41,044 


6,437 


Garrett 




216 




75,223 




145 




71,848 


7,924 


1,118 


Harford 




844 




369,155 




614 




359,614 


42,981 


6,627 


Howard 




588 




294,725 




433 




289,880 


37,389 


5,648 


Kent 




209 




54,756 




139 




51,592 


6,412 


1,154 


Montgomery 


3 


,476 


2 


,406,665 


2 


,597 


2 


,381,841 


317,106 


42,442 


Prince George's 


3 


,459 


2 


,570,081 


2 


,812 


2 


,547,601 


317,852 


44,445 


Queen Anne's 




191 




50,902 




110 




47,136 


5,639 


884 


St. Mary's 




408 




122,880 




287 




118,256 


14,076 


2,235 


Somerset 




180 




32,150 




101 




27,654 


2,643 


489 


Talbot 




366 




122,583 




265 




118,277 


15,057 


2,173 


Washington 




938 




421,922 




712 




412,986 


47,636 


7,228 


Wicomico 




646 




288,435 




473 




281,802 


36,455 


5,279 


Worcester 




616 




169,578 




493 




164,568 


21,414 


2,797 



For week including March 12. 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Retail Trade, Area Statistics, Maryland 
RC77-A-21. 



NO. 93 
MARYLAND RETAIL TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 









ALL ESTABLISHMENTS 




ESTABLISHMENTS WITH 


PAYROLL 




















PAYROLL 




POLITICAL 








SALES 








SALES 


ENTIRE YEAR 


PAID 
EMPLOYEES K ' 


SUBDIVISION 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


MARYLAND 


26 


,704* 


9 


,418,130* 


19 


,431 


9 


,049,817 


1,186,746 


228,243 


Allegany 




818 




192,364 




510 




178,383 


20,429 


4,257 


Anne Arundel 


2 


,340 




742,245 


1 


,399 




710,003 


90,079 


17,533 


Baltimore City 


7 


,006 


1 


,811,264 


4 


,744 


1 


,719,471 


261,800 


52,393 


Baltimore 


4 


,992 


1 


,621,012 


2 


,952 


1 


,551,123 


195,677 


39,854 


Calvert 




188 




37,733 




124 




35,069 


3,765 


724 


Caroline 




206 




29,398 




108 




25,053 


2,587 


542 


Carroll 




740 




130,541 




356 




117,007 


13,920 


2,784 


Cecil 




451 




90,984 




289 




82,227 


8,479 


1,630 


Charles 




505 




124,091 




296 




117,299 


14,159 


2,816 


Dorchester 




321 




61,640 




208 




55,923 


7,084 


1,359 


Frederick 




877 




206,868 




564 




196,190 


25,064 


4,750 


Garrett 




206 




44,625 




128 




40,860 


4,468 


914 


Harford 




940 




232,929 




563 




220,925 


26,109 


5,152 


Howard 




583 




138,526 




338 




130,869 


18,757 


4,039 


Kent 




198 




35,100 




116 




31,162 


3,535 


749 


Montgomery 


3 


,520 


1 


,513,142 


2 


,116 


1 


,469,025 


192,565 


33,756 


Prince George's 


4 


,073 


1 


,727,757 


2 


,446 


1 


,681,003 


213,577 


38,797 


Queen Anne's 




218 




32,931 




121 




28,140 


3,295 


741 


St. Mary's 




457 




81,625 




267 




76,002 


8,836 


1,840 


Somerset 




206 




25,000 




103 




19,541 


2,003 


447 


Talbot 




349 




77,073 




230 




70,593 


8,967 


1,664 


Washington 




991 




238,715 




640 




224,951 


28,101 


5,468 


Wicomico 




618 




192,532 




396 




183,045 


22,771 


4,245 


Worcester 




522 




91,948 




397 




88,953 


10,689 


1,789 



* In the 1977 Census of Retail Trade , an adjustment has been made at the State level in the 
1972 "All Establishments" data to reflect the exclusion of nonemployer direct sellers 
("direct selling establishments" are shown in "nonstore retailers" category) . For the 
State, this change provides the following reductions from the originally published 1972 
figures: Number of establishments - less 4,621; Sales - less $62,000,000. A similar 
adjustment at the county level, however, is not available. Therefore, the county data, 
as shown, will total to the State figures published in the 1972 Census of Retail Trade . 

For week including March 12 . 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, RC 72-A-21, 1972 Census of Retail Trade , Area Statistics, 
Maryland . 

-147- 











NO. 94 








MARYLAND WHOLESALE TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1977 
















PAYROLL 




POLITICAL 




NUMBER OF 




SALES 


ENTIRE 




SUBDIVISION 




ESTABLISHMENTS 


($1,000) 


YEAR 


PAID 
EMPLOYEES K J 












($1,000) 


MARYLAND 




5,019 




$16,900,800 


$902,244 


67,121 


Allegany 




99 




143,390 


8,559 


799 


Anne Arundel 




263 




1,091,594 


48,696 


3,498 


Baltimore City 




1,162 




4,910,046 


253,126 


18,966 


Baltimore 




802 




2,691,597 


149,919 


10,403 


Calvert 




12 




12,246 


968 


101 


Caroline 




28 




59,632 


2,718 


270 


Carroll 




102 




146,250 


9,561 


901 


Cecil 




39 




33,299 


3,135 


316 


Charles 




54 




116,906 


7,914 


666 


Dorchester 




43 




34,755 


2,730 


311 


Frederick 




116 




196,033 


14,667 


1,337 


Garrett 




37 




44,372 


2,670 


304 


Harford 




91 




142,806 


8,786 


808 


Howard 




235 




1,464,847 


55,244 


3,890 


Kent 




27 




41,081 


2,015 


237 


Montgomery 




694 




2,130,519 


127,105 


8,139 


Prince George's 




649 




2,757,141 


140,122 


10,373 


Queen Anne' s 




37 




57,019 


3,044 


376 


St. Mary's 




34 




61,522 


4,176 


385 


Somerset 




32 




21,271 


1,730 


273 


Talbot 




67 




105,007 


6,759 


634 


Washington 




180 




243,634 


23,044 


2,025 


Wicomico 




154 




329,222 


20,637 


1,689 


Worcester 




62 




66,611 


4,919 


420 


For week including 


March 12. 










Source: U.S. Bureau 


Df the Census, 


Area 


Statistics, Maryland, 


1977 Census of Whol 


esale Trade, 


WC 77-A- 


■21. 






-148- 







NO. 95 
MARYLAND WHOLESALE TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 









PAYROLL ENTIRE 




POLITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


SALES 


YEAR 


PAID 


SUBDIVISION 


ESTABLISHMENTS 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


EMPLOYEES d) 


Maryland 


4,746 


$10,212,246 


$580,399 


62,923 


Allegany 


109 


101,918 


6,774 


818 


Anne Arundel 


194 


585,853 


22,809 


2,367 


Baltimore City 


1,400 


3,497,791 


220,906 


23,892 


Baltimore 


704 


1,639,332 


91,343 


8,980 


Calvert 


8 


10,549 


664 


104 


Caroline 


36 


39,491 


1,720 


252 


Carroll 


80 


56,476 


4,187 


600 


Cecil 


43 


28,429 


2,271 


360 


Charles 


50 


53,947 


3,248 


484 


Dorchester 


46 


25,493 


1,835 


304 


Frederick 


107 


102,183 


9,883 


1,182 


Garrett 


32 


16,841 


1,306 


231 


Harford 


79 


90,398 


7,511 


942 


Howard 


106 


423,282 


15,364 


1,453 


Kent 


36 


23,181 


1,444 


261 


Montgomery 


604 


1,376,178 


64,148 


5,657 


Prince George's 


567 


1,643,922 


81,383 


9,006 


Queen Anne's 


27 


25,342 


1,880 


433 


St. Mary's 


28 


32,599 


2,500 


307 


Somerset 


38 


16,163 


1,483 


333 


Talbot 


57 


84,659 


7,241 


1,188 


Washington 


171 


147,713 


15,141 


1,794 


Wicomico 


157 


157,363 


12,781 


1,618 


Worcester 


67 


33,143 


2,577 


407 



(1) 



For week including March 12, 1972. 



Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 1972 Census of 
Wholesale Trade, WC 72-A-21. 



NO. 96 



.(1) 



SELECTED SERVICES v ' IN MARYLAND BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1977 







ALL ESTABLISHMENTS 


ESTABLISHMENTS WITB 


PAYROLL 
















PAYROLL 




POLITICAL 






RECEIPTS 




RECEIPTS 


ENTIRE YEAR 


PAID 
EMPLOYEES K ' 


SUBDIVISION 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


MARYLAND 


32 


,897 


3,357,864 


12,569 


3,092,578 


1,214,012 


131,981 


Allegany 




524 


24,907 


201 


21,446 


5,919 


1,022 


Anne Arundel 


2 


,301 


156,825 


892 


138,838 


52,708 


7,097 


Baltimore City 


5 


,572 


725,101 


2,632 


686,752 


252,306 


31,072 


Baltimore 


4 


,889 


445,521 


1,885 


406,867 


158,396 


19,847 


Calvert 




176 


7,951 


58 


6,476 


2,015 


277 


Caroline 




205 


6,229 


55 


4,771 


1,358 


194 


Carroll 




753 


31,154 


226 


25,110 


7,618 


1,005 


Cecil 




353 


16,765 


124 


13,348 


3,920 


524 


Charles 




358 


21,349 


147 


18,658 


6,367 


849 


Dorchester 




246 


8,486 


70 


6,987 


1,952 


315 


Frederick 




742 


32,048 


235 


26,738 


8,320 


1,247 


Garrett 




180 


7,968 


61 


6,153 


1,815 


374 


Harford 




841 


36,934 


318 


30,638 


9,843 


1,634 


Howard 




945 


79,545 


305 


71,177 


27,251 


3,070 


Kent 




189 


6,290 


55 


4,464 


1,312 


225 


Montgomery 


7 


,347 


1,092,478 


2,550 


1,021,050 


447,178 


35,953 


Prince George's 


4 


,383 


482,447 


1,623 


448,447 


177,722 


20,495 


Queen Anne's 




153 


4,974 


36 


3,240 


1,022 


197 


St. Mary's 




332 


18,012 


128 


15,986 


6,823 


848 


Somerset 




113 


2,168 


31 


1,340 


427 


80 


Talbot 




334 


18,518 


121 


15,669 


4,814 


809 


Washington 




785 


46,667 


320 


40,969 


13,172 


1,935 


Wicomico 




657 


36,498 


226 


31,844 


10,427 


1,343 


Worcester 




519 


49,029 


270 


45,610 


11,327 


1,569 



(1) 



(2) 



Includes Hotels, Motels, Tourist Courts, Camps; Personal Services; Miscellaneous 
Business Services; Auto Repair, Auto Services, Garages; Miscellaneous Repair Shops; 
Amusement and Recreation Services, including Motion Pictures; Dental Laboratories; 
Legal Services; Architectural, Engineering and Land- Surveying Services. 

For week including March 12. 



U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1977 Census of Service Industries, 
Statistics, Maryland, SC 77-A-21. 



NO. 97 
SELECTED SERVICES (1 ) IN MARYLAND BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 



ALL ESTABLISHMENTS 



ESTABLISHMENTS WITH PAYROLL 













PAYROLL 


POLITICAL 




RECEIPTS 




RECEIPTS 


ENTIRE YEAR 


SUBDIVISION 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


NUMBER 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


Maryland 


27,727 


2,261,677 


11,085 


2,058,343 


818,257 


Allegany 


490 


19,900 


225 


16,808 


4,994 


Anne Arundel 


1,747 


114,089 


649 


101,202 


37,573 


Baltimore City 


5,920 


599,778 


2,836 


564,143 


197,405 


Baltimore 


4,110 


245,796 


1,524 


212,639 


80,810 


Calvert 


124 


4,182 


46 


3,393 


1,065 


Caroline 


149 


4,970 


49 


3,596 


1,303 


Carroll 


499 


16,237 


153 


12,153 


3,595 


Cecil 


318 


10,946 


124 


8,670 


2,418 


Charles 


264 


10,349 


99 


8,288 


1,957 


Dorchester 


216 


5,819 


74 


4,472 


1,307 


Frederick 


622 


24,779 


224 


20,340 


6,582 


Garrett 


144 


3,499 


47 


2,503 


770 


Harford 


671 


26,786 


265 


21,728 


7,048 


Howard 


504 


90,014 


172 


86,093 


46,708 


Kent 


145 


4,059 


65 


3,128 


954 


Montgomery 


5,780 


683,246 


2,117 


633,456 


295,611 


Prince George ' s 


3,645 


293,646 


1,397 


267,082 


100,658 


Queen Anne ' s 


100 


2,576 


28 


1,667 


311 


St. Mary's 


222 


7,398 


91 


6,035 


2,141 


Somerset 


112 


1,644 


38 


902 


185 


Talbot 


251 


12,015 


107 


10,400 


3,313 


Washington 


711 


30,036 


283 


25,333 


8,265 


Wicomico 


541 


21,620 


204 


17,993 


6,091 


Worcester 


442 


28,283 


268 


26,319 


7,193 



EMPLOYEES 



177,859 

1,261 

6,071 

34,671 

14,139 

211 

256 
705 
626 
445 
337 

1,188 

205 

1,554 

4,896 

224 

30,208 
15,347 

85 
498 

51 

801 
1,727 
1,223 



(2) 



(1) 



Includes Hotels, Motels, Trailer Courts, Camps; Personal Services; Miscellaneous 
Business Services; Auto Repair, Auto Services, Garages; Miscellaneous Repair Shops; 
Amusement and Recreation Services, including Motion Pictures; Dental Laboratories; 
Legal Services; Architectural, Engineering and Land-Surveying Services. 



(2) For week including March 12, 1972. 



Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, 1972 Census of Selected Service Industries , SC 72-A21, 
Area Statistics, Maryland. 



NO. 98 



NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS, BY SELECTED KIND-OF-BUSINESS GROUPS 
MARYLAND SELECTED SERVICES BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1977 









SELECTED KIND-OF- 


-BUSINESS GROUPS 






HOTELS , 


AUTO 




AMUSEMENT 






MOTELS , 


REPAIR, 


MISCEL- 


& RECREATION 






TOURIST 


AUTO 


LANEOUS 


SERVICES INCLUD- 


POLITICAL 


COURTS , 


SERVICES 


REPAIR 


ING MOTION 


LEGAL 


SUBDIVISION 


CAMPS 


GARAGES 


SERVICES 


PICTURES 


SERVICES 


MARYLAND 


615 


2,778 


2,456 


3,909 


3,378 


Allegany 


19 


77 


40 


50 


36 


Anne Arundel 


28 


219 


198 


300 


200 


Baltimore City 


41 


506 


362 


457 


1,017 


Baltimore 


62 


353 


352 


709 


512 


Calvert 


4 


17 


19 


31 


15 


Caroline 


4 


33 


28 


24 


9 


Carroll 


13 


88 


89 


93 


35 


Cecil 


27 


45 


37 


50 


27 


Charles 


11 


50 


30 


42 


20 


Dorchester 


4 


38 


24 


33 


14 


Frederick 


18 


78 


66 


108 


41 


Garrett 


23 


24 


11 


19 


10 


Harford 


24 


93 


87 


102 


75 


Howard 


22 


73 


65 


115 


80 


Kent 


10 


17 


22 


22 


12 


Montgomery 


35 


344 


380 


736 


754 


Prince George' s 


45 


412 


365 


623 


342 


Queen Anne's 


6 


13 


13 


26 


15 


St. Mary's 


11 


44 


41 


42 


22 


Somerset 


4 


13 


13 


10 


7 


Talbot 


10 


37 


34 


47 


27 


Washington 


34 


101 


79 


95 


46 


Wicomico 


16 


76 


68 


81 


29 


Worcester 


144 


27 


33 


94 


33 


Source: U.S. Bureau 


of the Census, 1977 


Census of Selected Service Industries, Area 



-152- 






W H W 






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w 


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S3 



PERSONAL INCOME 

Maryland's personal income rose in 1978 to $34,646,000,000, an increase 
of over 42 percent from 1974. The total personal income of the State repre- 
sents 2.0 percent of the total personal income of the United States, slightly 
lower than the 2.1 percent in 1976. 

Per capita income in Maryland rose to $8,363 in 1978, up almost 19 per- 
cent from 1976. This figure placed the State thirteenth in the nation in this 
category. 

In average per household consumer spendable income in 1978, Maryland 
ranked second among the mideast states with a level of $20,407. As might be 
expected, the metropolitan areas were the leaders, with suburban Washington's 
Montgomery County having the second highest average disposable income ($28,658) 
of any County in the United States. Baltimore, Prince George's and Charles 
Counties each have disposable income figures in excess of $20,000 per house- 
hold, while at the other end of the scale, Garrett, Caoline, Calvert and Wor- 
cester Counties all have levels of less than $13,000. 

The Gross State Product for Maryland is estimated to have risen in 
current dollars to $38.0 billion, an increase of 22 percent above the level 
of 1976. The Gross State Product concept is roughly equivalent to the national 
level Gross National Product, i.e., the State output of goods and services 
valued at market price. 



NO. 101 
GROSS STATE PRODUCT, MARYLAND, CURRENT AND CONSTANT DOLLARS: 1950-1978 



CURRENT DOLLARS 
($1,000,000,000) 



CONSTANT DOLLARS (1967 DOLLARS) 
($1,000,000,000) 



1978 

1977 
1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 
1968 
1967 
1966 
1965 
1964 
1963 
1962 
1961 
1960 
1959 
1958 
1957 
1956 
1955 
1954 
1953 
1952 
1951 
1950 



$38.0 

34.3 

31.1 

28.8 

26.7 

24.8 

22.4 

20.2 

18.7 

17.3 

16.0 

14.6 

13.5 

12.1 

11.0 

10.0 

9.2 

8.5 

8.1 

7.8 



7.3 
7.1 
6.8 
6.2 
5.6 
5.5 
5.2 
4.8 
4.2 



$20.5 
19.8 
18.9 
18.4 
18.4 
18.9 
17.9 
16.7 
16.3 
16.0 
15.3 
14.6 
14.1 
13.1 
12.1 
11.2 
10.6 
9.8 
9.4 
9.3 



8.7 
8.4 
7.7 
7.5 
7.2 
7.0 
6.5 



Source: Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development. 



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TOTAL PERSONAL INCOME, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES: 
1978 and 1976 



TOTAL PERSONAL INCOME 



1978 


1976 


($1,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


$1,708,545 


$1,374,265 


34,646 


29,117 


4,972 


4,131 


90,939 


75,579 


64,281 


53,625 


6,684 


5,628 


145,963 


124,975 


65,084 


50,903 


26,638 


20,927 


28,527 


22,626 


23,540 


18,837 


23,114 


18,536 


13,047 


10,468 


18,346 


14,732 


13,290 


10,716 


34,087 


27,492 


39,492 


31,954 


36,671 


29,884 


12,318 


10,039 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1978/76 



UNITED STATES 

MIDEAST 
MARYLAND 
Delaware 
Pennsylvania 
New Jersey 

District of Columbia 
New York 

SOUTHEAST 
Florida 
Louisiana 
Tennessee 
Alabama 
Kentucky 
Arkansas 
South Carolina 
Mississippi 
Georgia 
Virginia 
North Carolina 
West Virginia 



24.3 



19.0 

20.4 
20.3 
19.9 
18.8 
16.8 



27.9 
27.3 
26.1 
25.0 
24.7 
24.6 
24.5 
24.0 
24.0 
23.6 
22.7 
22.7 



MARYLAND as Percent of U.S. 



Note: State Personal Income received by State residents from all sources during any calendar 
year. Excludes wages and salaries received by federal military and civilian employees 
temporarily stationed abroad. 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce. 



Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business , 
August 1979. 



PER CAPITA INCOME, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN 
STATES: 1978 and 1976 



PER CAPITA INCOME 
1978 1976 
($) ($) 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1978/76 



RANK IN 
NATION BASED 
ON 1978 
INCOME 



UNITED STATES 



$7,836 



$6,402 



MARYLAND 


8,363 


7,058 


New York 


8,224 


6,922 


New Jersey- 


8,773 


7,288 


Pennsylvania 


7,740 


6,404 


Delaware 


8,534 


7,100 


District of Columbia 


9,924 


8,039 


SOUTHEAST 






Virginia 


7,671 


6,325 


West Virginia 


6,624 


5,480 


North Carolina 


6,575 


5,471 


South Carolina 


6,288 


5,180 


Georgia 


6,705 


5,517 


Florida 


7,573 


6,094 


Mississippi 


5,529 


4,530 


Kentucky 


6,607 


5,395 


Tennessee 


6,547 


5,344 


Alabama 


6,291 


5,156 


Louisiana 


6,716 


5,401 



18.5 
18.8 
20.4 
20.9 
20.2 
23.4 



21.3 
20.9 
20.2 
21.4 
21.5 
24.3 
22.1 
22.5 
22.5 
22.0 
24.3 



13 

14 

7 

22 

9 

2 



25 
40 
42 
49 
39 
27 
51 
41 
46 
48 
38 



MARYLAND as Percent of U.S. 



State Personal Income is income received by State residents from all sources during 
any calendar year. Excludes wages and salaries received by federal military and civi- 
lian employees temporarily stationed abroad. 

: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business , 

August 1979. 



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NO. 108 



CONSUMER SPENDABLE INCOME 
RANK ORDER FOR STATES: 1978 



($1,000) 



($1,000) 



California 

New York 

Illinois 

Texas 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Michigan 

New Jersey 

Florida 

Massachusetts 

Indiana 

Virginia 

North Carolina 

Wisconsin 

Missouri 

Georgia 

MARYLAND 

Washington 

Minnesota 

Tennessee 

Connecticut 

Louisiana 

Alabama 

Kentucky 

Iowa 

Colorado 



163,520,740 
124,780,852 
83,657,564 
83,568,991 
77,315,944 
71,548,904 
65,743,881 
54,637,071 
54,276,581 
38,819,337 
34,871,394 
33,329,124 
31,153,969 
30,179,307 
30,175,190 
29,001,739 
28,897,281 
26,938,949 
25,331,188 
23,785,862 
23,481,660 
22,264,341 
19,822,972 
19,641,189 
18,921,039 
17,795,166 



Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Kansas 

South Carolina 

Arizona 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

West Virginia 

Nebraska 

Utah 

New Mexico 

Hawaii 

Rhode Island 

Maine 

District of Columbia 

New Hampshire 

Nevada 

Idaho 

Montana 

Delaware 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Alaska 

Wyoming 

Vermont 



16,993,959 

15,907,447 

15,515,391 

15,425,899 

14,270,011 

11,835,713 

11,574,278 

10,468,009 

9,979,920 

7,247,388 

6,727,145 

6,157,814 

6,115,102 

5,957,536 

5,880,405 

5,368,956 

4,359,767 

4,951,904 

4,359,767 

4,161,371 

3,740,843 

3,651,247 

3,506,027 

2,934,896 

2,770,538 



National Consumer Spendable Income is $1,433,973,981,000. 



Standard Rate and Data Service, Inc.; 
issued August 12, 1979. 



1-1-79 SRDS Consumer Market Data Summary , 



NO. 109 
BUYING POWER, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1978 



PERCENTAGE 
SUBDIVISION OF USA TOTAL 



Allegany .0281 

Anne Arundel .1524 

Baltimore City .3160 

Baltimore .3573 

Calvert .0086 

Caroline .0072 

Carroll .0347 

Cecil .0200 

Charles .0296 

Dorchester .0111 

Frederick .0415 

Garrett .0076 

Harford .0632 

Howard .0516 

Kent .0067 

Montgomery .3988 

Prince George's .3559 

Queen Anne's .0087 

St. Mary's .0194 

Somerset .0073 

Talbot .0123 

Washington .0436 

Wicimico .0241 

Worcester .0095 

MARYLAND 2.0152 



Source: Standard Rate and Data Service, Inc. 1-1-79 SRDS 
Consumer Market Data Summary , issued August 12, 
1979. 



NO. 110 

ESTIMATED PER CAPITA AND AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD CONSUMER SPENDABLE INCOME BY 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION, RANKED BY PER CAPITA CONSUMER SPENDABLE INCOME: 1978 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 


PER CAPITA 




CONSUMER SPENDABLE 




INCOME 


UNITED STATES 


$6,576 


MARYLAND m 
BALTIMORE METROPOLITAN AREA C } 


6,975 


6,519 


Montgomery 


9,929 


Baltimore 


8,020 


Prince George's 


7,706 


Talbot 


6,572 


Howard 


6,348 


Charles 


6,334 


Harford 


6,200 


Anne Arundel 


6,051 


Kent 


5,907 


Baltimore City 


5,737 


Washington 


5,705 


Wicomico 


5,703 


Frederick 


5,514 


Somerset 


5,468 


Carroll 


5,383 


Dorchester 


5,224 


Queen Anne's 


5,215 


St. Mary's 


5,140 


Cecil 


5,090 


Allegany 


5,054 


Worcester 


4,898 


Caroline 


4,610 


Garrett 


4,190 


Calvert 


3,932 



AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD 
CONSUMER SPENDABLE 
INCOME 



3 

4 
5 

6 
7 
8 
9 
10 

11 
12 
13 

14 
15 

16 
17 
18 
19 
20 

21 
22 
23 
24 



$18,460 




20,407 




19,317 




28,658 


1 


24,660 


2 


22,868 


3 


16,807 


8 


19,403 


5 


20,327 


4 


18,600 


7 


19,254 


6 


14,698 


16 


15,873 


13 


15,555 


14 


15,157 


15 


15,933 


12 


14,404 


17 


16,406 


10 


14,046 


18 


13,774 


19 


16,214 


11 


16,519 


9 


13,428 


20 


12,715 


22 


11,474 


23 


11,387 


24 


12,757 


21 



(1) 



Baltimore City, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford and Howard Counties. 



Source: Standard Rate and Data Service, Inc. 1-1-79 SRDS Consumer Market Data Summary , 

issued August 12, 1979. 



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RETAIL SALES PER HOUSEHOLD 
RANK ORDER FOR STATES: 1978 



STATES 



(IN DOLLARS 
PER HOUSEHOLD) 



(IN DOLLARS 
PER HOUSEHOLD) 



Alaska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

Hawaii 

Texas 

Florida 

Montana 

Illinois 

Utah 

Arizona 

Minnesota 

North Dakota 

Colorado 

MARYLAND 

California 

New Mexico 

Michigan 

Indiana 

Ohio 

Missouri 

Washington 

Wyoming 

Iowa 

New Jersey 

Nebraska 

Wisconsin 



15,064 


Massachusetts 


9,936 


12,984 


Georgia 


9,925 


12,538 


Delaware 


9,908 


11,723 


Tennessee 


9,753 


11,618 


Alabama 


9,682 


11,296 


Pennsylvania 


9,632 


11,092 


North Carolina 


9,552 


10,946 


Mississippi 


9,455 


10,930 


South Dakota 


9,399 


10,831 


Vermont 


9,384 


10,550 


Idaho 


9,336 


10,527 


Oregon 


9,305 


10,525 


Louisiana 


9,302 


10,476 


Kansas 


9,266 


10,468 


Virginia 


9,200 


10,420 


Connecticut 


9,171 


10,405 


Kentucky 


9,084 


10,363 


West Virginia 


8,911 


10,301 


Oklahoma 


8,813 


10,176 


Rhode Island 


8,448 


10,162 


Maine 


8,293 


10,125 


New York 


8,246 


10,059 


Arkansas 


8,813 


10,020 


South Carolina 


8,202 


10,003 


District of Columbia 


8,114 


9,963 







Standard Rate and Data Service, Inc., 
Summary , issued August 12, 1979. 



1-1-79 SRDS Consumer Market Data 



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FAMILIES BELOW POVERTY LINE IN MARYLAND 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1969 



NUMBER OF FAMILIES 
SUBDIVISION BELOW POVERTY LEVEL 



Allegany 2,576 

Anne Arundel 4,033 

Baltimore City 30,178 

Baltimore 5,610 

Calvert 706 

Caroline 852 

Carroll 1,093 

Cecil 1,053 

Charles 1,053 

Dorchester 1,137 

Frederick 1,489 

Garrett 1,223 

Harford 1,734 

Howard 6 34 

Kent 531 

Montgomery 4,011 

Prince George's 7,031 

Queen Anne's 747 

St. Mary's 1,45 7 

Somerset 1,188 

Talbot 801 

Washington 2,544 

Wicomico 1,841 

Worcester 1,079 

MARYLAND 74,601 

Note on the Poverty Level: 

The poverty level is a designation used by the federal government as one means 
of identifying areas and persons with income levels so low that some economic 
hardship is likely to be present. Various levels have been determined depending 
on family size, sex of family head, number of children and type of residence. 
The poverty level threshold averages about $3,750 on a national basis. The data 
for families below the poverty level have several limitations — for instance the 
poverty levels are not adjusted for state or local variation in costs of living, 
but are satisfactory for giving a general picture of the existence and location of 
low income. 

Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1970, General Social and 
Economic Characteristics , Final Report PC (1) C22, Maryland. 



NO. 115 

TRANSFER PAYMENTS, BY STATE FOR 1976 





TRANSFER 


PAYMENTS (MILLIONS OF 


DOLLARS) 








INCOME 


UNEMPLOY- 


RETIRE- 






MAIN- (1) 


MENT 


COM- / 2 ) 


MENT AND 
OTHER ^ ; 




TOTAL 


TENANCE 


PENSATION" ' 




1976 


1976 


1976 


1976 


UNITED STATES 


193,839 


23,364 


16 


,436 


154,039 


NEW ENGLAND 












Connecticut 


2,764 


255 




400 


2,109 


Maine 


1,018 


116 




84 


818 


Massachusetts 


6,271 


947 




678 


4,646 


New Hampshire 


684 


51 




35 


598 


Rhode Island 


1,009 


109 




122 


778 


Vermont 


421 


54 




43 


324 


MIDEAST 












Delaware 


483 


47 




56 


380 


District of Columbia 


1,235 


168 




80 


987 


MARYLAND 


3,524 


358 




225 


2,941 


New Jersey 


7,038 


812 


1 


,056 


5,170 


New York 


19,618 


3,020 


2 


,027 


14,571 


Pennsylvania 


12,108 


1,336 


1 


,378 


9,394 


GREAT LAKES 












Illinois 


10,114 


1,381 


1 


,103 


7,630 


Indiana 


3,857 


260 




208 


3,389 


Michigan 


8,236 


1,247 


1 


,051 


5,938 


Ohio 


9,014 


1,000 




657 


7,357 


Wisconsin 


3,696 


394 




292 


3,010 


PLAINS 












Iowa 


2,261 


175 




154 


1,932 


Kansas 


1,851 


130 




79 


1,642 


Minnesota 


3,180 


289 




266 


2,625 


Missouri 


4,178 


388 




302 


3,488 


Nebraska 


1,168 


66 




50 


1,052 


North Dakota 


469 


33 




23 


413 


South Dakota 


513 


51 




16 


446 



(1 ">,-, • /-T^j t jo it it continued on .following pa 
vw Consists of Federal and State and Local direct welfare (including 

supplemental security income payments), food stamp payments, and pay- 
ments made through several other relief programs, such as refugee 
assistance. 

(2)consists of payments to unemployed workers through State, Federal 
and railroad unemployment insurance programs. 



(3) 



Includes retirement and disability payments made through the social 
security programs and through railroad, military, and Federal civilian 
retirement programs; Medicare; educational assistance to veterans and 
others; and miscellaneous transfers, such as business transfer 
payments. 

-170- 



NO. 115 

TRANSFER PAYMENTS, BY STATE FOR 197 6 



(cont'd.) 



TRANSFER PAYMENTS (MILLIONS OF DOLLARS) 



TOTAL 
1976 


INCOME 
4AIN- 

TENANCE V ' 
1976 


UNEMPLOY- 
MENT COM-. . 
PENSATION U; 
1976 


RETIRE- 
MENT AND 
OTHER K ' 
1976 



SOUTHEAST 
Alabama 
Arkansas 
Florida 
Georgia 
Kentucky 
Louisiana 
Mississippi 
North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Tennessee 
Virginia 
West Virginia 

SOUTHWEST 
Arizona 
New Mexico 
Oklahoma 
Texas 

ROCKY MOUNTAIN 
Colorado 
Idaho 
Montana 
Utah 
Wyoming 

FAR WEST 
Alaska 
California 
Hawaii 
Nevada 
Oregon 
Washington 



3,035 

1,844 
9,149 
3,771 
2,908 
2,805 
1,821 
3,970 
2,087 
3,314 
4,203 
1,851 



2,061 
1,004 
2.411 
8,783 



2,053 
619 
605 
846 
263 



290 

22,228 

820 

539 

2,220 

3,628 



364 


211 


2,460 


228 


110 


1,506 


668 


428 


8,053 


501 


275 


2,995 


417 


179 


2,312 


457 


171 


2,177 


309 


68 


1,444 


488 


298 


3,184 


264 


151 


1,672 


405 


242 


2,667 


342 


145 


3,716 


177 


78 


1,596 


180 


144 


1,737 


202 


51 


751 


247 


110 


2,054 


779 


261 


7,743 


214 


107 


1,732 


46 


44 


529 


42 


45 


518 


69 


59 


718 


13 


10 


240 


74 


59 


157 


,434 


2,088 


16,706 


138 


108 


574 


33 


71 


435 


224 


188 


1,808 


359 


348 


2,921 



Calculated on the basis of data obtained from the U.S. Bureau 
of Economic Analysis which appears in the Statistical Abstract 
of the United States 1978 , Table No. 726, Ratio of Transfer 
Payments to Total Personal Income - Index, by State: 1965 
to 1976. Personal Income data obtained from the Bureau of 
Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business , October 1978. 



CITY WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET 

The city worker's family budget refers to the annual cost of a moderate 
living standard for a family comprised of a 38-year-old husband, a wife not 
employed full time outside the home, a 13-year-old boy, and an 8-year-old 
girl. This is the model family devised by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 
U. S. Department of Labor. 

In 1978 the average urban worker's budget was $18,622 while the Baltimore 
budget was $18,699. The Washington budget at the same time was $20,105. 
Using 39 metropolitan areas to equal 100, the Baltimore area had an index of 
100 while the Washington area index was 108. As will be noted in accompanying 
tables, average earnings differ considerably as between occupational groups 
when using the metropolitan areas base. 



NO. 116 

CONSUMER PRICE INDICES U.S. ( , BALTIMORE, MD., AND WASHINGTON, D.C. 
METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1974-78 
(1967 = 100) 



BALTIMORE, MD. 



WASHINGTON, D.C. 



U.S. AVERAGE 



1978 
1977 
1976 
1975 
1974 



199.6 
185.9 
173.9 
165.2 
152.4 



198.3 
183.0 
171.2 
161.7 
150.0 



195.3 
181.5 
170.5 
161.2 
147.7 



(1) 

Prices are collected in 85 urban areas across the country. 

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 

NO. 117 
URBAN WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET ^\ 
BALTIMORE METROPOLITAN AREA AND SELECTED U.S. METROPOLITAN AREAS: AUTUMN 1978 



METROPOLITAN AREA 








(3) 
TOTAL BUDGET K ' 






(2) 

INDEX K J 


Boston 








$22,117 








119 


New York-Northeastern NJ 








21,587 








116 


Washington, D.C.-MD-VA 








20,105 








108 


San Francisco-Oakland 








19,427 








104 


Philadelphia-NJ 








19,416 








104 


Minneapolis-St. Paul 








19,389 








104 


Detroit 








19,145 








103 


Cleveland 








18,987 








102 


Chicago-Northwestern IND 








18,794 








101 


BALTIMORE 








18,699 








100 


Cincinnati 








18,354 








99 


Pittsburgh 








18,008 








97 


Los Angeles-Long Beach 








17,722 








95 


Houston 








17,114 








92 


. Atlanta 








16,897 








91 


Dallas 








16,714 








90 


URBAN U.S. 








18,622 


- 






100 


Refers to annual cost of 


intermediate 


living standard for 


a family 


compr 


ised 


of a 38 year 


old husband, wife not employed 


outside 


the home, 13 year o 


Id boy and an 


8 year old girl. 


U.S. Urban Average Cost = 


= 100. 
















Total budget costs include personal income taxes, social security, 


other 


items and total 


consumption. 


















Source: U.S. Department of 


Labor 


, Bureau 


of 


Labor Statistics 


, Autumn 


1978 


Urban Family 


Budgets and Comparative 


Endexes 


for 


Selected Urban Areas, re. 


.eased 


Apr 


il 29, 1979. 


■ 






-173- 







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NO. 119 

INDICES OF AVERAGE EARNINGS OF WORKERS IN SELECTED 
OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS AND RELATIVE ADVANCE IN 29 
METROPOLITAN AREAS: JANUARY-DECEMBER 197 7 
(ALL METROPOLITAN AREAS =100*) 



OFFICE 
CLERICAL 



ELECTRONIC SKILLED UNSKILLED 
DATA PROCESSING MAINTENANCE PLANT 



Atlanta, Ga. 


103 


BALTIMORE, MD. 


100 


Boston, Mass. 


97 


Buffalo, N.Y. 


101 


Chicago, 111. 


105 


Cincinnati, Ohio, Ky. , Ind . 


96 


Cleveland, Ohio 


101 


Dallas, Fort Worth, Tex. 


94 


Dayton, Ohio 


96 


Denver, Boulder, Colo. 


99 


Detroit, Mich. 


118 


Green Bay, Wis. 


95 


Houston, Tex. 


102 


Indianapolis, Ind. 


95 


Kansas City, Mo., Kans. 


96 


Los Angeles, Long Beach, Cal. 


107 


Anaheim, Santa Ana, Garden Grove, Cal. 


104 


Milwaukee , Wis . 


100 


Minneapolis, St. Paul, Minn. 


95 


New York, N.Y., N.J. 


106 


Philadelphia, Pa., N.J. 


98 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 


106 


Portland, Me. 


90 


St. Louis, Mo., 111. 


99 


San Diego, Cal. 


96 


San Francisco, Oakland, Cal. 


111 


Seattle, Everett, Wash. 


109 


Washington, D.C., MD. , Va. 


103 


Wichita, Kans. 


97 



104 


98 


84 


98 


102 


90 


94 


92 


92 


95 


107 


106 


102 


107 


119 


98 


98 


99 


105 


107 


110 


94 


91 


76 


100 


103 


108 


102 


98 


93 


117 


115 


126 





96 


100 


101 


102 


71 


94 


107 


108 


101 


105 


110 


104 


102 


105 


110 


98 


90 


100 


108 


104 


96 


105 


113 


110 


97 


121 


99 


98 


105 


98 


102 


103 





71 


102 


98 


101 


103 


96 


102 


100 


107 


118 


134 


99 


111 


125 


104 


101 


78 


94 


91 


83 



* Average pay levels for each industry and occupational groups in 262 SMSA' s in the United 
States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) as established by the Office of Management and Budget 
through February, 1974. 

Note: Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication criteria. 

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Wage Differences Among Metro- 
politan Areas, 1977. 



-175- 



STATE FINANCE 

Maryland's fiscal 1978 State expenditures totaled $4,030,109,000. Of 
this total, 28.7 percent went to education, 15.3 percent to highways and 
transportation, and 15.1 percent to public health, hospitals and mental hy- 
giene, with 8.7 percent going to public assistance programs. 

During the same fiscal year, the State received $4,154,457,000 with 24.0 
percent of that total coming from income tax sources, 15.1 percent from 
retail sales and use taxes, 10.0 percent from motor vehicle user taxes and 
fees, 21.9 percent from federal funds, 14.2 percent from sundry fees, licenses 
and charges, 8.2 percent from property, franchise and excise taxes, and 5.3 
percent from bond proceeds. 

Net cash expenditures have increased 52.1 percent from fiscal year 1974 
to fiscal year 1978, while net cash receipts have increased more than 59.9 
percent over the same time period. As might be expected, the fiscal 1978 
growth is apparent in both categories, with net cash expenditures 8.5 percent 
above the year-earlier figure, and the net cash receipts standing 4.2 percent 
above the prior year . 






-176- 



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-177- 



RETAIL SALES TAX RECEIPTS, (D MARYLAND, 
RANK ORDER BY MAJOR CLASS OF BUSINESS: FISCAL YEAR 1978 



CLASS OF 
BUSINESS 



PERCENTAGE 
DISTRIBUTION 



General Merchandise 

Food and Beverage 

Building and Contractors 

Miscellaneous 

Utilities and Transportation 

Furniture, Fixtures, and Appliances 

Automotive 

Apparel 

Hardware, Machinery, and Equipment 

TOTAL 



21.09 
17.46 
12.71 
12.08 
11.81 
8.31 
6.43 
5.48 
4.63 
100.00 



(•^Does not include Assessment Collections. 

Source: Comptroller of the Treasury, 31st Annual Statisti- 
cal Report of the Retail Sales Tax Division for 
Fiscal Year 1978. 



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-179- 



NO. 123 
RETAIL SALES AND USE TAX RECEIPTS* BY SUBDIVISION: FISCAL YEARS 1978 and 1973** 



SUBDIVISION 



RETAIL SALES AND USE TAX RECEIPTS 
FISCAL 1978 FISCAL 1973 



PERCENTAGE CHANG] 
1978/73 



TOTAL COLLECTIONS 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne' s 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

TOTAL OF SUBDIVISIONS 
AND BALTIMORE CITY 

District of Columbia 

Other Out-of-State 

Misc. Use Tax 



631,049,621 


326,575,587 


10,506,790 


5,478,528 


41,478,579 


20,627,782 


114,921,582 


75,642,406 


106,400,944 


51,713,527 


2,105,517 


949,450 


2,168,495 


908,358 


8,034,256 


3,529,516 


6,076,813 


2,473,277 


7,214,934 


3,228,245 


2,898,280 


1,531,458 


14,609,802 


6,007,724 


2,692,980 


1,156,322 


13,521,238 


5,600,207 


13,833,895 


4,878,429 


2,210,021 


993,730 


86,095,358 


42,947,484 


94,102,261 


48,492,718 


1,744,153 


777,848 


4,214,534 


1,855,289 


949,006 


515,597 


4,514,197 


2,225,167 


16,654,879 


8,170,824 


11,897,779 


6,257,694 


8,462,402 


3,411,678 


577,308,695 


299,373,258 


10,629,637 


6,461,290 


38,295,985 


18,166,789 


4,815,304 


2,574,250 



93.2 

91.8 
101.1 

51.9 
105.8 
121.8 
138.7 
127.6 
145.7 
123.5 

89.3 
143.2 
132.9 
141.4 
183.6 
122.4 
100.5 

94.1 
124.2 
127.2 

84.1 
102.9 
103.8 

90.1 
148.1 



92.8 

64.5 

110.8 

87.1 



*This table is designed for use in the area of public finance, and not as an indicator of 
retail sales activity. For Fiscal 1978, the rate is 5 per cent while the rate in fiscal 
1973 was 4 per cent. Also, the scope of items taxed in 1978 is broader than that in 1973. 



**Ended June 30th. 



Comptroller of the Treasury, 31st Annual Statistical Report of the Retail Sales 
Tax Division for Fiscal Year 1978, p. 34. 



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-181- 



PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUES AND CURRENT EXPENSES: 
FISCAL YEAR 1978, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 













REVENUES 










TOTAL 






PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION^ 










IN 
DOLLARS 














OTHER 


SUBDIVISION 




OTHER 


FEDERAL 






STATE 


SOURCES 

OF 
REVENUE 




PER 


LOCAL 


LOCAL 


REVENUE 


FEDERAL 


STATE 


SHARED 




CAPITA 


TAXES 


REVENUES 


SHARING 


GRANTS 


GRANTS 


TAXES 


MARYLAND 


$1,025 


39.5 


14.7 


2.2 


16.8 


23.0 


3.6 


0.2 


Allegany 


841 


28.5 


12.1 


3.7 


21.0 


30.9 


3.5 


0.3 


Anne Arundel 


,„x 733 


46.3 


11.6 


2.2 


10.4 


26.3 


3.2 


* 


Baltimore .City ^1,579 


24.1 


9.0 


2.2 


33.3 


25.9 


5.3 


0.2 


Baltimore^ ' 


755 


51.4 


16.7 


2.3 


7.5 


19.0 


3.0 


* 


Calvert 


1,176 


52.4 


5.5 


2.2 


9.8 


27.6 


2.5 





Caroline 


793 


26.4 


5.2 


2.5 


18.8 


40.2 


6.9 


* 


Carroll 


685 


45.9 


10.6 


3.7 


9.8 


25.3 


4.7 





Cecil 


659 


36.3 


6.8 


2.6 


13.5 


34.9 


5.9 


* 


Charles 


953 


34.8 


9.3 


2.6 


12.9 


37.2 


2.7 


0.5 


Dorchester 


751 


35.0 


11.7 


3.4 


15.6 


28.1 


6.3 


* 


Frederick 


804 


39.9 


13.3 


2.9 


12.0 


27.6 


4.2 


0.1 


Garrett 


868 


29.0 


5.2 


3.3 


12.5 


43.4 


6.6 





Harford . 
Howard U; 


784 


36.4 


10.1 


1.8 


15.4 


33.1 


3.2 





882 


57.2 


11.6 


2.1 


6.5 


20.0 


2.6 





Kent 


752 


37.6 


9.6 


3.6 


19.1 


24.5 


5.6 





Montgomery 


1,076 


56.2 


18.8 


1.5 


7.2 


13.9 


2.0 


0.4 


Prince George' 


s 891 


47.1 


14.5 


2.4 


10.2 


23.3 


2.1 


0.4 


Queen Anne' s 


837 


26.2 


14.2 


2.7 


12.0 


39.1 


5.8 


* 


St. Mary's 


695 


32.1 


6.1 


3.3 


16.6 


37.8 


4.0 





Somerset 


881 


18.2 


5.1 


3.6 


27.4 


40.8 


4.9 


* 


Talbot 


1,042 


28.3 


38.9 


1.6 


9.1 


17.1 


4.3 


0.6 


Washington 


803 


34.6 


19.1 


2.6 


13.2 


26.9 


3.6 


* 


Wicomico 


777 


34.2 


16.0 


3.3 


13.8 


27.8 


4.8 


0.1 


Worcester 


1,249 


50.7 


18.4 


1.6 


11.6 


13.3 


4.3 


0.1 



(Continued on following page) 



PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUES AND CURRENT EXPENSES: 
FISCAL YEAR 1978, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION (Cont'd.) 



EXPENDITURES 



SUBDIVISION 



TOTAL 
IN - 
DOLLARS 

PER 
CAPITA 



PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION 



<1>- 



PUBLIC 

WELFARE 
& HEALTH 



PUBLIC 
SAFETY 



1,052 



Allegany 


814 


49.9 


11.4 


4.5 


Anne Arundel 


790 


46.2 


7.0 


6.3 


Baltimore ,City^ 2 
Baltimore ' 


)l,767 


21.1 


17.6 


15.5 


746 


51.9 


5.1 


2.4 


Calvert 


1,029 


55.1 


11.7 


8.0 


Caroline 


776 


54.3 


13.4 


8.1 


Carroll 


637 


48.9 


8.3 


12.3 


Cecil 


678 


56.8 


10.5 


9.3 


Charles 


893 


65.7 


8.5 


3.9 


Dorchester 


767 


48.7 


11.6 


12.1 


Frederick 


778 


51.7 


8.1 


10.6 


Garrett 


887 


59.9 


9.0 


19.3 


Harford 
Howard K } 


774 


58.6 


7.2 


7.0 


830 


56.6 


5.9 


4.8 


Kent 


756 


51.1 


11.3 


6.6 


Montgomery- 


1,066 


49.0 


6.5 


2.8 


Prince George's 


861 


48.8 


13.8 


2.5 


Queen Anne' s 


840 


56.7 


8.1 


10.2 


St. Mary' s 


693 


62.7 


11.5 


7.1 


Somerset 


845 


57.5 


9.5 


13.1 


Talbot 


981 


36.0 


5.8 


6.4 


Washington 


762 


53.4 


6.0 


6.0 


Wicomico 


733 


48.5 


14.5 


7.0 


Worcester 


1,320 


30.6 


4.7 


9.4 



8.7 

5.5 
10.2 
11.7 

9.1 
10.6 

3.3 
3.1 
3.7 
4.6 
5.0 

4.7 
1.8 
4.5 
8.5 
3.4 

6.5 
9.2 
3.3 
3.4 
2.8 

4.0 
5.9 
6.0 
8.2 



^ ^Percentages may not add to 100.0 due to rounding. 

(2) 

County only. 

* Less than 0.1 percent. 

Source: Department of Fiscal Services, Local Government Finances in Maryland, 1977/78 Fiscal 
Year, Table 3 . 

Bureau of the Census, Current Population Report , P-26, No. 77-20, (July 1, 1977 
Provisional Population.) 

-183- 



NO. 126 

GENERAL REVENUE SHARING PAYMENTS TO MARYLAND, 

BALTIMORE CITY AND ALL COUNTIES 
ENTITLEMENT PERIOD 10 AND ENTITLEMENT PERIOD 8 



JURISDICTION 



ENTITLEMENT 

PERIOD 10 

Oct. 1, 1978 - Sept. 30, 1979 



ENTITLEMENT 

PERIOD 8 

Jan. 1, 1977 - Sept. 30, 1977 



r(D 



,(2) 



All Counties 
Baltimore City 
Other Municipalities 



(4) 



136,489,071 

45,496,357 

57,701,703 

26,464,000 

6,827,011 



99,252,800 

33,084,267 

40,768,948 

20,671,475 

4,728,110 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore 
Calvert 
Caroline 



1,660,637 

6,373,427 

10,983,268 

859,187 

337,735 



1,213,994 
3,402,202 
8,338,325 

327,416 
208,215 



Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 
Frederick 



1,940,460 
868,139 

1,425,537 
473,331 

2,056,310 



1,170,113 
451,740 

1,044,600 
385,820 

1,210,432 



Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 



725,237 
1,560,923 
1,879,837 

386,373 
8,246,798 



509,700 
797,597 

,387,223 
290,663 

,042,669 



Prince George's 
Queen Anne ' s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 
Talbot 



13,101,554 

398,961 

1,091,466 

540,140 

332,687 



,568,933 
370,050 
930,968 
376,749 
263,641 



Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



1,354,647 
855,855 
249,195 



1,486,834 
783,659 
207,405 



(1) 

(2) 
(3) 

(4) 



Includes payments to Maryland, Baltimore City, all counties and 149 sub-county 
jurisdictions. 

Includes State share. 

Includes county shares, exclusive of payments to individual jurisdictions within a 
given county. 



All municipalities except Baltimore City. 



Source: U.S. Department of the Treasury, Office of Revenue Sharing, Eighth Period 
Entitlements and Tenth Period Entitlements . 
-184- 



FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 

The number of active banks of all types in Maryland decreased from 118 to 
a total of 111 between 1975 and 1977. Total assets increased during the period 
by 19.3 percent. State banks and trust companies numbered one less than in 1975, 
but total assets increased by 26.7 percent. While the number of national banks 
fell by 7.1 percent, their total assets rose by 11.4 percent. Meanwhile, credit 
unions decreased in number from 34 in 1975 to 32 in 1977. Total assets of the 
credit unions in 1977 stood at $172.0 million, an increase of 34.2 percent since 
1975, however, possibly indicating an increase in the size of such institutions. 

The number of building, savings and loan associations in Maryland decreased 
from 206 at the end of 1976 to 204 two years later. Of those associations active 
at the end of 1978, 54 were Federally chartered, 150 State chartered, and 135 
were State chartered with Maryland Savings Share Insurance Corporation insurance. 

Nearly $8,272,000,000 in mortgage loans were outstanding as of December 31, 
1978 by the associations in Maryland, a 32.4 percent increase from 1976. Simi- 
larly, total assets increased to $9,494,549,823, representing a 30.4 percent 
increase . 





NO. 127 






ALL ACTIVE BANKS (1) IN MARYLAND. 






SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1975, 1976 and 1977 






(MONEY FIGURES IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS AS OF DEC. 31) 




ITEM 


1977 1976 1975 


PERCENT 
CHANGE 
1975/77 


Number of Banks 


111 116 118 


-6.3 


Total Assets 


$13,791 $12,557 $11,562 


19.3 


Selected Assets: 
Total Loans, In< 


:ludine 





Mortgages and Judgments 



U.S. Government and 
Other Securities 



Cash and Balances 
with Other Banks 



Total Liabilities 
Total Deposits 



8,546 


7,530 


6,819 


25.3 


2,847 


2,755 


2,718 


4.7 


1,278 


1,180 


1,249 


2.3 


12,762 


11,604 


10,592 


20.5 


11,880 


10,680 


9,842 


20.7 



^ 'National, State, Trust and Mutual Banks 

Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Sixth Annual Report , 1976. 

Sixty-Seventh Annual Report , 1977. 
Sixty-Eighth Annual Report , 1978. 
U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report , 1975. 

Annual Report , 1976. 
Annual Report , 1977. 



ALL ACTIVE NATIONAL BANKS IN MARYLAND (1) 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1975, 1976 and 1977 



1977 1976 1977 

($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1975/1977 



Number of Banks 

Total Assets 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 
Mortgages & Judgments 

U.S. Government & Other 
Securities 



39 
$5,532 



41 
$5,564 



42 
$4,966 

2,847 



-7.1 
11.4 



Cash & Balances with 


576 


627 


687 


Other Banks 








Total Liabilities 


5,159 


5,193 


4,580 


Selected Liabilities: 








Total Deposits 


4,603 


4,483 


4,137 


Demand 


1,761 


1,703 


1,674 


Tii^e & Savings 


2,842 


2,295 


2,464 



-16.2 
12.6 



11.3 
5.2 
15.3 



Total Equity Capital 



As of December 31 of stated years. 

Sources: U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report, 1978. 

U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annaul Report , 1977 

U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report , 1976. 



-187- 



ALL ACTIVE STATE BANKS AND TRUST COMPANIES IN MARYLAND, 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1975, 1976, 1977 





ITEM 


1977 
($1,000,000) 


1976 
($1,000,000) 


1975 
($1,000,000) 


PERCENT CHANGE 
1975/77 


Number of Banks 
Total Assets 


72 
$6,789 


72 
$5,640 


73 
$5,357 


-1.4 
26.7 



Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 
Mortgages and Judgments 
U.S. Government and 
Other Securities 
Cash and Balances with 
Other Banks 

Total Liabilities 

Selected Liabilities: 

Capital Stock, Surplus, Un- 
divided Profits & Reserves 

Total Deposits 



4,149 

1,693 

671 

6,253 



5,969 



3,381 

1,520 

513 

5,166 



4,990 



3,089 


34.3 


1,528 


10.8 


536 


25.2 


4,871 


28.4 



4,597 



22.4 
29.8 



Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Eighth Annual Report , 1978. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Seventh Annual Report , 1977. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty- Sixth Annual Report , 1976. 

NO. 130 
ALL ACTIVE MUTUAL SAVINGS BANKS IN MARYLAND, 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1975, 1976, 1977 



1977 
($1,000,000) 



1976 
($1,000,000) 



1977 
($1,000,000) 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1975/77 



Number of Banks 3 

Total Assets $1,471 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 

Mortages and Judgments 1,086 

U.S. Government and 

Other Securities 290 

Cash and Balances with 

Other Banks 26 

Total Liabilities 1,350 



3 
$1,353 



979 
278 



3 
$1,239 



N/C 
18.7 



883 


23.0 


275 


5.5 


31 


-16.1 


,141 


18.3 



Selected Liabilities: 

Surplus, Undivided Profits 
and Reserves 

Total Deposits 



1,307 



1,207 



98 
1,108 



10.2 
18.0 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Eighth Annual Report , 1978. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Seventh Annual Report , 1977. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Sixth Annual Report , 1976. 
-188- 



NO. 131 
CREDIT UNIONS IN MARYLAND: 1975, 1976, 1977 





ITEM 


($1 


1977 
,000,000) 


($1 


1976 
,000,000) 


(1 


1975 
,000,000) 


PERCENT CHANGE 
1975/1977 


Number of Credit Unions 




32 




32 




34 


-5.9 


Total Assets 




$172.0 




$149.0 




$128.8 


34.2 


Selected Assets: 
Loan to Members 
Cash (on hand & in banks) 
Investments (securities) 




151 
2.0 
12.3 




126 
1.3 
16.6 




107 
2.1 
16.2 


41.1 

-4.8 

-24.1 



Total Liabilities 

Selected Liabilities: 

Members Shares & Deposits 
Reserve Funds & Surplus 



150.4 
17.1 



130.3 
15.0 



112.2 
13.2 



34.0 
29.5 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Eighth Annual Report , 1978. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-seventh Annual Report , 1977. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-sixth Annual Report , 1976. 



CONSUMER LOAN AND SMALL LOAN LICENSEES 
IN MARYLAND: 1978 AND 197 7 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1977/1978 



Number of Consumer Loan Licensees 

Total Assets 

Selected Assets: 
Small Loans 
Consumer Loans 
Net Total Receivables 
Net Total Property 

Total Liabilities 

Selected Liabilities: 
Total Accruals 
Total Deferred Income 

Total Capital 



317 


304 


4.3 


$531,601,391 


$609,753,385 


-12.8 


N/A 


N/A 




293,307,813 


404,325,558 


-27.5 


525,642,890 


596,009,621 


-11.8 


1,407,595 


1,696,899 


-17.0 


483,473,443 


555,603,118 


-13.0 


643,977 


2,064,279 


-68.8 


23,555,645 


31,756,099 


-25.8 


48,127,948 


54,150,267 


-11.1 



Sources: Dept. of Licensing & Regulation, Office of Commissioner of Consumer Credit, 

The C omposite Condition of Consumer Loan and Small Loan Licensees, January 1, 
197 7 - Dec. 31, 197 7 and Jan. 1, 1978 - Dec. 31, 1978. 



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-191- 



LIFE INSURANCE 

The strength of the Maryland economy is again evident in the field of 
life insurance. Nearly $4,789,000,000 of ordinary life insurance was purchased 
in Maryland during 1977. This figure represents an 11 percent increase from 
the prior year and a 92 percent increase since 1971. 

When all types of life insurance are considered, Marylanders held 8,073,000 
policies with an in force valuation of almost 50.9 billion dollars. The average 
amount in force per family in Maryland stood at $34,000 during 1977, representing 
an increase of 26.9 percent since 1974. Maryland's average is therefore some- 
what above the national family average of $32,400 of life insurance in force. 



NO. 134 
LIFE INSURANCE IN FORCE IN MARYLAND: 1977 



NUMBER OF POLICIES 
(1,000) 



AMOUNT 
($1,000,000) 



Total 

Ordinary 
Group 

Industrial 
Credit 



8,073 

2,793 
1,782 
1,817 
1,681* 



$ 50,902 

25,956 

21,359 

1,037 

2,550 



Average amount in force per family $34,000 (26.9 percent increase since 1974). 

Note: "Credit" is limited to life insurance on loans of ten years' or less duration. 

"Ordinary" and "Group" include credit life insurance on loans of more than ten year' s 
duration. 
*Includes group credit certificates. 

Source: Institute of Life Insurance, Life Insurance Fact Book, 1978 . 

NO. 135 
PURCHASES OF ORDINARY LIFE INSURANCE, MARYLAND: 1971-1977 



AMOUNT 
PURCHASED 
($1,000,000) 



PERCENT 


PERCENT 


CHANGE 


CHANGE 


YEAR TO YEAR 


YEAR TO 1971 


11.4 


91.6 


12.4 


71.9 


5.5 


52.9 


12.4 


45.0 


15.0 


29.0 



1977 (P) 

1976 

1975 

1974 

1973 

1972 

1971 



4,789 
4,298 
3,823 
3,625 
3,225 
2,805 
2,500 



(P) 



Preliminary 



The series includes mass-marketed ordinary insurance, 
long-term individual credit insurance. 



Beginning with 1974, data include 



Source: Institute of Life Insurance, Life Insurance Fact Book, 1978. 



MASS MEDIA 

There are two major market centers for the mass media in the State, as well 
as several smaller ones. The major market centers are metropolitan Baltimore 
and metropolitan Washington, D.C. 

Fourteen daily papers, as well as two designated as Washington, D.C. 
publications serve the State, and five more publish twice weekly. In addition, 
there are a myriad of weekly newspapers put out at least once a week through- 
out the State. 

There are ten television stations on the air in Maryland. In addition, 
there are six stations on the air from Washington, D.C, which serve many 
viewers in Maryland. 

Four of the stations in Maryland are noncommercial, as is one operating 
from Washington. However, the noncommercial channels in Maryland, with the 
call letters, WAPB, WMPB, WCPB and WWPB, are State-operated stations, with the 
Maryland Public Broadcasting Commission being the licensee. Eventually, the 
Commission will operate seven channels throughout the State. In addition to 
the facilities existing presently near Annapolis, Baltimore, Hagerstown and 
Salisbury, transmitters are planned for Cumberland, Frederick and Waldorf. 

Beside its potential range, the commercial television channel on the 
Eastern Shore has its range augmented by use of cable subscription, and the 
commercial channel operating from Hagerstown has its range expanded to reach 
the surrounding Pennsylvania and West Virginia areas as well as the Maryland 
viewers due to the many homes subscribing to cable services in that market. 

Maryland radio listeners have their choice of 50 AM stations as well as 
several Washington, D.C. outlets which reach the State's residents. In 
addition to these stations, there are 50 FM stations located in Maryland, and 



again there are additional facilities originating from the District of 
Columbia. These FM stations cover the broad range from simultaneous pro- 
gramming with AM affiliates to partial simulcasting to independent operations. 

The communications facilities are thus well represented in the State, 
and Maryland's citizens have broad latitude and availability among the 
printed and electronic media. 



-195- 



NO. 136 

TELEVISION STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1979 



CITY 


CALL LETTERS 


CHANNEL 


YEAR 
ESTABLISHED 


(U) 

UHF 


(V) 
OR VHF 


Annapolis 


WAPB (1) 


22 


1975 




U 


Baltimore 


WBAL 

WBFF 

WJZ 

WMAR 


11 

45 

13 

2 


1948 
1971 
1948 
1947 




V 

u 

V 
V 


Hagerstown 


WHAG m 


25 
31 


1970 
1974 




u 
u 


Owings Mills 


WMPB (1) 


67 


1969 




u 


Salisbury 


WBOC m 
WCPB U; 


16 
28 


1954 
1971 




u 

u 



(1) 



Noncommercial . 



Source: Maryland Manual 1979-1980, pp. 779. 

Maryland Center for Public Broadcasting, Telecommunications Office. 



TELEVISION BROADCAST REVENUES, EXPENSES AND INCOME (1) BY MARKET, 
BALTIMORE AND WASHINGTON, D.C.: 1978 



BALTIMORE 



WASHINGTON, D.C. 



Number of Stations in Operation 



Time Sales ($) 
Networks 

National and Regional Advertising Sponsors 
Local Advertisers and Sponsors 



Total Broadcast Revenues 
Total Broadcast Expenses 



(3) 



Total Broadcast Income 



(1) 



57,820,504 

2,887,091 

32,328,053 

22,605,360 

48,263,282 
32,633,468 



96,809,672 

3,566,693 

60,035,213 

33,207,766 

79,658,216 
58,575,125 

21,083,091 



(H 



Before federal taxes. 



Before commissions. 



Consists of total time sales less commissions plus talent and program sales. 



Source: Federal Communications Commission, TV Broadcast Financial Data - 1978 , 
issued July 30, 1979. 



MARYLAND AND BALTIMORE 
METROPOLITAN AREA: 1977 



BALTIMORE 
METROPOLITAN AREA 



No. of Stations in Operation 

No. Reporting $25,000 or more Time Sales 

Time Sales 
Networks 

National & Regional Advertisers 
& Sponsors ,~. 

Local Advertisers & Sponsors 



Total Broadcast Revenues 
Total Broadcast Expenses^ 
Total Bra-dcast Income 



(4) 



67 


19 


64 


N/A 


$44,911,411 


$19,901,324 


453,597 


417,003 


10,603,567 


5,023,576 


33,854,247 


14,460,745 


39,671,827 


17,252,511 


31,992,772 


13,057,632 


7,679,055 


4,194,879 



Note: Includes AM-FM stations filing a combined report (counted as one station), 
FM stations associated with an AM station but reporting separately, and 
independent stations. 

Before federal taxes. 

Station with less than $25,000 time sales report only total revenues and total 
expenses. Stations with total time sales of $25,000 or more, however, accounted 
for 99 percent of the broadcast revenues. 

(3) 

Before commissions. 

(4) 

Consists of total time sales less commissions plus talent and program sales. 

Source: Federal Communications Commission, AM-FM Broadcast Financial Data-1977 
(December 11, 1978). 



-198- 



NO. 139 
AM RADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1979 



CALL LETTERS 



KILOCYCLES 



ESTABLISHED 



Annapolis 



Bel Air 

Bladensburg 

Brunswick 

Cambridge 

Chestertown 

Cumberland 

Easton 
Elkton 
Frederick 

Frostburg 
Glen Burnie 
Hagerstown 



WANN 
WNAV 
WYRE 

WAYE 
WBAL 
WBMD 
WCAO 
WEBB 
WFBR 
WITH 
WSID 
WWIN 

WVOB 

WPGC 

WTRI 

WCEM 

WCTR 

WCMD 
WTBO 
WCBC 

WEMD 

WSER 

WFMD 
WZYQ 

WFRB 

WJRO 

WARK 
WJEJ 



970 



1190 
1430 
810 

860 

1090 
750 
600 
1360 
1300 
1230 
1010 
1400 

1520 

1580 

1520 

1240 

1530 

1230 
1450 
1270 

1460 

1550 

930 
1370 

560 

1590 

1490 
1240 



1947 
1949 
1946 

1955 

1925 
1947 
1922 
1955 
1922 
1941 
1947 
1948 

1963 

1954 

1966 

1947 

1963 

1948 
1928 
1953 

1960 

1963 

1936 
1960 

1958 

1963 

1947 
1932 



(continued on following page) 



-199- 





NO 


139 














AM RADIO STATIONS 


IN MARYLAND: 1979 


Ce- 


nt 


d) 




CITY 


CALL LETTERS 




KILOCYCLES 








ESTABLISHED 


Halfway 


WHAG 




1410 








1962 


Havre De Grace 


WASA 




1330 








1948 


La Plata 


WSMD 




1560 








1965 


Laurel 


WLMD 




900 








1965 



Leonard town 






WKIK 






1370 


1953 


Lexington Park 






WPTX 






920 


1953 


Oakland 






WMSG 






1050 


1963 


Owings Mills 






WCBM 






680 


1924 


Ocean City 






WETT 






1590 


1960 


Pocomoke City 






WDMV 






540 


1955 


Potomac - Cabin 


John 




WCTN 






950 


1965 


Rockville 






WINX 
WGMS 






1600 
570 


1951 
1946 


Salisbury 






WBOC 
WICO 
WJDY 






960 
1320 
1470 


1940 
1957 
1958 


Silver Spring 






WGAY 






1050 


1945 


Thurmont 






WTHU 






1450 


1967 


Towson 






WTOW 






1570 


1955 


Westminster 






WTTR 






1470 


1953 


Wheaton 






WDON 






1540 


1954 


Source: Maryland Manual 1979-80, pp. 
Unpublished data provided by 
Telecommunications Office. 


768- 
The 


-776. 
Maryland 


Center for Public 


Broadcasting, 



NO. 140 
FM RADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1979 



Annapolis 

Arbutus 

Arnold 

Baltimore 



Bel Air 
Bethesda 

Bladensburg 
Braddock Heights 
Cambridge 
Catonsville 
Cumberland 

Easton 

Elkton 

Emmitsburg 

Federalsburg 

Frederick 



CALL LETTERS 


MEGACYCLES 


ESTABLISHED 


WFSI 


107.9 


1960 


WNAV 


99.1 


1947 


WRBS 


95.1 


1964 


WACC ( l ) 


89.9 


1976 


WIYY 
WBJC V ' 


97.9 


1958 


91.5 


1951 


WXYV 


102.7 


1947 


WITH 


104.3 


1949 


WLPL 


92.3 


1960 


WMAR 


106.5 


1960 


WPOC 


93.1 


1950 


W JHU 
WEAA C ; 


88.1 


1979 


88.9 


1977 



.(1) 



WHFS 
WJMD 

WPGC 

WZYQ 

WESP 

WKTK 

WJSE 
WKG0 

WEMD 

WOEL 

WMTB 

WCTD 

WFRE 



(1) 



102.3 
94.7 

95.5 

103.9 

106.3 

105.7 

102.9 
10 6.1 

96.7 

88.3 

92.1 

107.1 

99.9 



1961 
1949 

1957 

1972 

1968 

1963 

1978 
1962 

1975 

1979 

1977 



(continued on following page) 



NO. 140 
FM RADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1979 (cont'd.) 



CALL LETTERS 



MEGACYCLES 



ESTABLISHED 



Frostburg 
Glen Burnie 
Hagerstown 

Halfway 

Havre De Grace 
La Plata 
Lexington Park 
Oakland 
Ocean City- 
Prince Frederick 
Princess Anne 
Salisbury 

Silver Spring 
Sparrows Point 
Takoma Park 
Towson 

Westminster 
Williamsport 

Worton 



WFRB 

WBKZ 

WWCS 
WWMD 

WQCM 

WHDG 

WXTR 

WMDM 

WXIE 

WKHI 

WMJS 

WOLC 

WBOC 
WICO 

WGAY 

WSPH 

WGTS^ 

WCVT^ 
WLIF 



WCRH 
WYII 



105.3 

95.9 

106.9 
104.7 

96.7 

103.7 

104.1 

98.5 

92.1 

99.9 

92.7 

102.5 

104.7 
94.3 

99.5 

88.1 

91.9 

89.7 
101.9 



90.5 
95.9 



90.5 



1965 

1965 

1957 
1946 

1965 

1959 

1965 

1976 

1966 

1978 

1973 

1976 

1965 
1969 

1959 

1974 

1957 

1976 
1970 



1976 
1972 



1974 



(1) 



Noncommercial . 



Source: Maryland Manual 1979-1980, pp. 
The Maryland Center for Public 



768-776. Unpublished data provided by 
Broadcasting, Telecommunications Office. 



NO. 141 
DAILY NEWSPAPERS OF GENERAL CIRCULATION IN MARYLAND: 1979 









DAILY 


NEWSPAPERS 




PLACE OF 










PUBLICATION 


NAME OF PAPER 


ESTABLISHED 


TIME OF ISSUE 


Washington, D.C. 


The 


Washington Post 


1877 


Daily & Sun. 


Washington, D.C. 


The 


Washington Star News 


1852 


Daily & Sun. 


Annapolis 


The 


Evening Capital 


1884 


Evening 


Baltimore 


The 


Baltimore News American 


1773 


Evening & Sun. 


Baltimore 


The 


Sun 


1837 


Morning & Sun. 


Baltimore 


The 


Evening Sun 


1910 


Evening 


Baltimore 


The 


Daily Record 


1888 


Morning, . 
Evening 


Cambridge 


The 


Daily Banner 


1897 


Cumberland 


The 


Cumberland Daily News 


1870 


Morning 


Cumberland 


The 


Cumberland Evening Times 


1869 


Evening 
Morning 


Easton 


The 


Easton Star-Democrat 


1799 


Frederick 


The 


Frederick Post 


1910 


Morning 


Frederick 


The 


News 


1883 


Evening 


Hagerstown 


The 


Daily Mail 


1828 


Evening 


Hagerstown 


The 


Morning Herald 


1873 


Morning ... 
Evening & Sun; 


Salisbury 


The 


Salisbury Daily Times 


1923 



NO. 142 
WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS OF GENERAL CIRCULATION IN MARYLAND: 1979 









WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS 




PLACE OF 










PUBLICATION 


COUNTY 


NAME OF PAPER 


ESTABLISHED 


DAY OF ISSUE 


Aberdeen 


Harford 


The Harford Democrat 


1856 


Wednesday 


Annapolis 


Anne Arundel 


Anne Arundel Times 


1951 


Thursday 


Arbutus 


Baltimore 


The Arbutus Times 


1956 


Wednesday 


Baltimore 


Baltimore City 


Afro-American 


1892 


Tues. & Fri. 


Baltimore 


Baltimore City 


Catholic Review 


1913 


Friday 


Baltimore 


Baltimore City 


Jewish Times 


1919 


Friday 


Baltimore 


Baltimore City 


Labor Herald 


1936 


Friday 


Bel Air 


Harford 


The Aegis 


1856 


Thursday 


Bowie 


Prince George's 


The Bowie Blade 


1967 


Thursday 


Bowie 


Prince George's 


The Bowie News 


1962 


Wednesday 


Brunswick 


Frederick 


Brunswick Citizen 


1973 


Thursday 


Cambridge 


Dorchester 


The Dorchester News 


1923 


Wednesday 


Catonsville 


Baltimore 


Times 


1881 


Thursday 


Centreville 


Queen Anne' s 


Queen Anne's Record- 










Observer 


1824 


Wednesday 


Centreville 


Queen Anne's 


The Queen Anne's Journal 1977 


Wednesday 


Chestertown 


Kent 


The Kent County News 


1793 


Wednesday 


Chevy Chase 


Montgomery 


Montgomery Journal 


1973 


Thursday 



(1)no Saturday or Sunday. 



(continued on next page) 



NO. 142 
DAILY AND WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS OF GENERAL CIRCULATION IN MARYLAND : 1979 (Cont'd.) 











WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS 




PLACE OF 












PUBLICATION 


COUNTY 


NAME OF PAPER 


ESTABLISHED 


DAY OF ISSUE 


College Park 


Prince George's 


Prince George's Journal 


1976 


Wed. & Friday 


Columbia 


Howard 


Columbia Flier 


1968 


Thursday 


Columbia 


Howard 


Columbia Times 


1967 


Wednesday 


Crisfield 


Somerset 


The 


Crisfield Times 


1888 


Friday 


Damascus 


Montgomery 


The 


Courier 


1962 


Wednesday 


Denton 


Caroline 


The 


County Record 


1952 


Wednesday 


Denton 


Caroline 


The 


Journal 


1975 


Wednesday 


Dundalk 


Baltimore 


The 


Eagle 


1969 


Thursday 


Elkton 


Cecil 


The 


Cecil Democrat 


1840 


Wednesday 


Elkton 


Cecil 


The 


Cecil Whig 


1841 


Wednesday 


Ellicott City 


Howard 


The 


Howard County Times 


1840 


Wednesday 


Ellicott City 


Howard 


The 


Howard County News 


1963 


Thursday 


Essex 


Baltimore 


The 


Times 


1962 


Thursday 


Federalsburg 


Caroline 


The 


Federalsburg Times 


1929 


Wednesday 


Frostburg 


Allegany 


The 


Allegany Citizen 


1948 


Thursday 


Frostburg 


Allegany 


The 


Guardian 


1965 


Thursday 


Gaithersburg 


Montgomery 


The 


Gazette 


1960 


Thursday 


Glen Burnie 


Anne Arundel 


The 


Maryland Gazette 


1727 


Mon. & Thurs. 


Green Belt 


Prince George's 


Greenbelt News Review 


1937 


Thursday 


Hancock 


Washington 


The 


Hancock News 


1914 


Wednesday 


Havre de Grace 


Harford 


Havre de Grace Record 


1868 


Wednesday 


Hyattsville 


Prince George's 


Prince George's Sentinel 


1967 


Wednesday 


Hyattsville 


Prince George's 


Prince George's Post 


1932 


Thursday 


La Plata 


Charles 


The 


Times-Crescent 


1844 


Wednesday 


Laurel 


Prince George' s 


The 


Laurel Sentinel 


1968 


Wednesday 


Laurel 


Prince George' s 


The 


News Leader 


1897 


Thursday 


Leonardtown 


St. Mary's 


St. 


Mary's Beacon 


1839 


Wednesday 


Lexington Park 


St. Mary's 


The 


Enterprise 


1883 


Thursday 


Lexington Park 


St. Mary's 


St. 


Mary's Guardian 


1974 


Wednesday 


Middletown 


Frederick 


The 


Valley Register 


1844 


Friday 


Mt. Airy 


Carroll 


The 


Community Reporter 


1929 


Friday 


Oakland 


Garrett 


The 


Republican 


1877 


Thursday 


Ocean City 


Worcester 


Eastern Shore Times 


1925 


Thursday 


Ocean City 


Worcester 


Maryland Coast Press 


1969 


Thursday 


Olney 


Montgomery 


The 


County Courier 


1964 


Wednesday 


Pikesville 


Baltimore 


The 


Northwest Star 


1966 


Thursday 


Pocomoke City 


Worcester 


Worcester County Messenger 


1867 


Thursday 


Preston 


Caroline 


News and Bay County Farmer 


1866 


Thursday 



(Continued on following page) 



NO. 142 
DAILY AND WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS OF GENERAL CIRCULATION IN MARYLAND : 1979 (Cont'd.) 









WEEKLY NEWSPAPERS 






PLACE OF 










PUBLICATION 


COUNTY 


NAME OF PAPER ESTABLISHED 


DAY OF ISSUE 


Prince Frederick 


Calvert 


Calvert Independent 


1939 


Wednesday 


Prince Frederick 


Calvert 


The Recorder 


1971 


Wednesday 


Prince Frederick 


Calvert 


Calvert Journal-Gazette 


1863 


Thursday 


Princess Anne 


Somerset 


Marylander and Herald 


1828 


Thursday 


Randalls town 


Baltimore 


Community Times 


1828 


Thursday 


Rockville 


Montgomery 


Montgomery County Sentinel 


1855 


Thursday 


Salisbury 


Wicomico 


Salisbury Advertiser 


1867 


Wednesday 


Severna Park 


Anne Arundel 


The Villager 


1963 


Wednesday 


Severna Park 


Anne Arundel 


Anne Arundel Observer 


1965 


Thursday 


Snow Hill 


Queen Anne ' s 


Worcester County Messenger 


1869 


Thursday 


Silver Spring 


Montgomery 


Suburban Record 


1943 


Friday 


Stevensville 


Queen Anne ' s 


The Bay Times 


1964 


Wednesday 


Sykesville 


Carroll 


Sykesville Herald/Record 


1913 


Wednesday 


Timonimum 


Baltimore 


The Valley Voice 


1976 


Thursday 


Thurmont 


Frederick 


Catoctin Enterprise 


1940 


Friday 


Tows on 


Baltimore 


The Jeffersonian 


1912 


Thursday 


Tows on 


Baltimore 


The Times 


1968 


Thursday 


Upper Marlboro 


Prince George's 


The Enquirer-Gazette 


1850 


Thursday 


Waldorf 


Charles 


The Maryland Independent 


1972 


Wednesday 


Washington, D.C. 


Washington, D.C. 


The Catholic Standard 


1951 


Thursday 


Washington, D.C. 


Washington, D.C. 


Afro-American 


1935 


Tues. & Fri. 


Washington, D.C. 


Washington, D.C. 


Jewish Week 


1965 


Thursday 


Washington, D.C. 


Washington, D.C. 


The Informer 


1963 


Thursday 


Westminster 


Carroll 


Carroll County Times 


1911 


Mon.,Wed., Fri. 


Woodlawn 


Baltimore 


Suburban Times News 


1973 


Thursday 


Source: Maryland 


Manual, 1979-80, pp. 763- 


-67 







IS 



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in m h 



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Pl, O'er) co h 



COURTS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT 

This section deals with the juvenile facilities, adult correctional 
facilities, State trial Courts (civil and criminal), and the Federal trial 
Court in Maryland (civil and criminal) . 

The juvenile facilities in Maryland are under the jurisdiction of the 
State Division of Juvenile Services, a constituent agency of the Department 
of Health and Mental Hygiene. In the twelve month period from July, 1977, 
through June, 1978, there were 45,835 juvenile Court cases reported, with 
the largest number coming from Baltimore City (14,477), followed by the metro- 
politan Counties of Prince George's (7,940), Baltimore (5,226), Anne Arundel 
(4,962), and Montgomery (2,938). The average daily population in fiscal 1978 
of the seven juvenile institutions in the State was 937. Comparable average 
population data available for fiscal 1979 show a 0.3 percent decrease to 934. 

Adult correctional institutions in the State housed an average daily 
population of 8,322 inmates in fiscal 1978. The average annual per capita cost 
per inmate was $5,981. More inmates were committed from Baltimore City (2,793) 
during fiscal 1978 than were committed from the combined Counties (1,587). 
These statistics, of course, deal with the statewide correctional institutions, 
and local facilities are not included. The institutions covered in this pub- 
lication are the Maryland House of Correction, Maryland Penitentiary, Maryland 
Correctional Ins titution-Hagers town, Maryland Correctional Institution for 
Women- Jessup , Correctional Camp System, Central Laundry and Community Corrections. 

As of August, 1978, there were 80 Circuit Court (trial) judges in the 
State which is divided into eight judicial districts for administrative purposes. 
Each County has a minimum of one jurist, and Baltimore City has 22 trial judges. 
On the basis of population per judge, the range is from 16,800 per judge in 



Kent County to 99,766 per judge in Montgomery County. Though these extreme 
ranges are severe, a more moderate range will be noted generally by the reader 
of the table. On a statewide average, the population per judge is 52,746 with 
4,978 civil cases and 1,265 criminal cases representing the trial load. During 
the year from July 1, 1977, through July 30, 1978, 74,720 civil cases were filed 
in Maryland trial Courts, an increase of 20.2 percent over fiscal year 1976, 
and 62,687 civil cases were disposed of in the same period, a 15.1 percent in- 
crease in dispositions. 

There was a 5.9 percent increase in the filing of criminal cases, and a 
1.2 percent decrease in dispositions in this area. As a consequence, therefore, 
when all cases (civil and criminal) filed in the trial Courts of Maryland are 
considered for this period, there were 110,449 cases filed, an increase of 15.2 
percent, while there were 95,199 dispositions, representing a 9.0 percent in- 
crease . 

The United State District Court for the District of Maryland (coincident 
with the State boundaries) sits in Baltimore City. Relatively speaking, its 
backlog remains in good condition. As of June 30, 1978, there were 2,191 civil 
cases and 330 criminal cases pending. In absolute terms, 2,184 civil cases 
and 1,284 criminal cases were terminated during the fiscal year. 

The bankruptcy backlog did increase somewhat over the same time frame, 
with 1,794 cases being commenced and 2,136 terminated. 

There were 2,905 aliens who were naturalized in the Court during the 1978 
fiscal year. 



NO. 144 



,(D 



NUMBER OF JUDGES, POPULATION AND CASE LOAD PER JUDGE KJ ~' , MARYLAND 
CIRCUIT COURTS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: FISCAL YEAR 1978 





JURISDICTION 


NUMBER OF. 
JUDGES { } 


POPULATION . 
PER JUDGE C ; 


CIVIL 


CASES FILED 
CRIMINAL 


PER JUDGE .„. 
TOTAL 0) 


MARYLAND 


80 


52,746 


4,978 


1,265 


14,784 


Allegany 


2 


40,750 


564 


713 


5,227 


Anne Arundel 


6 


61,333 


3,067 


1,318 


11,902 


Baltimore City 


22 


36,695 


7,429 


1,886 


13,445 


Baltimore 


12 


53,983 


4,411 


939 


15,313 


Calvert 


1 


30,400 


907 


493 


7,955 


Caroline 


1 


22,700 


597 


374 


5,777 


Carroll 


1 


88,400 


1,902 


1,167 


14,931 


Cecil 


2 


28,650 


628 


750 


19,327 


Charles 


1 


67,200 


1,410 


1,164 


12,534 


Dorchester 


1 


30,000 


1,261 


965 


8,786 


Frederick 


2 


51,650 


1,221 


975 


14,572 


Garrett 


1 


25,600 


582 


445 


4,649 


Harford 


2 


73,400 


2,991 


1,142 


19,117 


Howard 


2 


59,550 


2,397 


1,117 


16,238 


Kent 


1 


16,800 


521 


304 


3,770 


Montgomery 


6 (4) 


99,766 


5,221 


1,397 


17,562 


Prince George' s 


9 


76,007 


10,926 


1,208 


28,866 


Queen Anne' s 


1 


21,600 


560 


286 


6,988 


St. Mary's 


1 


54,200 


1,166 


963 


8,848 


Somerset 


1 


20,100 


669 


578 


6,191 


Talbot 


1 


26,700 


604 


582 


6,991 


Washington 


2 


55,550 


1,754 


926 


11,717 


Wicomico 


1 


61,900 


3,065 


1,359 


15,492 


Worcester 


1 


28,600 


1,484 


1,349 


9,290 



Chief Judge of District Court not included in statistics. 

Number of Judges as of June 30, 1978. 

Population estimates for July 1, 1978, issued by the Maryland Center for Health Statistics. 

Two Juvenile Court Judges and number of juvenile causes not included. 



Motor vehicle cases included. 
Source: Administrative Office of the Courts, Statistical Abstract (Annual Report) 1977-78 . 



-209- 



NO. 145 
CASES FILED IN CIRCUIT COURTS, MARYLAND: FISCAL YEARS 1978 and 1976 



TYPE OF CASE 



PERCENT 
CHANGE 
1978/76 



FILED 



TERMINATED 



TERMINATED 



Law 21,089 

Equity 53,631 

Total Civil Cases 74,720 
Criminal 35,729 

Total All Types 110,449 



19,350 


18,724 


19,880 


12.6 


-2.7 


43,337 


43,434 


34,584 


23.5 


25.3 


62,687 


62,158 


54,464 


20.2 


15.1 


32,512 


33,744 


32,910 


5.9 


-1.2 


95,199 


95,902 


87,374 


15.2 


9.0 



Source: Administrative Office of the Courts, Statistical Abstract (Annual Report) 1977-78 



NO. 146 

AVERAGE TIME INTERVALS, DISPOSITIONS OF APPEALS, MARYLAND COURT OF 
APPEALS, IN MONTHS: 1964-1977 



TOTAL DOCKETED TO ARGUMENT TO 

INTERVAL ARGUMENT DECISION 



1977 4.4 2.7 1.7 

1976 4.2 2.6 1.6 

1975 3.3 2.2 1.1 

1974 7.0 5.3 1.7 

1973 6.0 4.8 1.2 

1972 6.0 5.0 1.0 

1971 5.4 4.4 1.0 

1970 5.5 4.6 0.9 

1969 5.7 4.6 1.1 

1968 7.6 6.5 1.1 

1967 8.9 7.8 1.1 

1966 9.4 8.3 1.1 

1965 8.7 7.9 0.8 

1964 7.3 6.1 1.2 



Source: Administrative Office of the Courts, Statistical Abstract (Annual Report) 1977-78 and 
appropriate prior reports. 



AVERAGE DAYS FROM FILING TO DISPOSITION, MARYLAND CIRCUIT 
COURTS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1977-1978 



EQUITY 



JUVENILE 


CRIMINAL 


50 


112 


110 


147 


55 


159 


62 


152 


60 


142 


58 


83 


36 


104 


129 


135 


69 


119 


36 


72 


93 


93 


51 


147 


100 


198 


138 


210 


80 


79 


100 


161 


54 


175 


51 


161 


39 


83 


29 


145 


65 


113 


38 


140 


70 


154 


65 


143 



Allegany 


272 


Anne Arundel 


322 


Baltimore City 


551 


Baltimore 


298 


Calvert 


304 


Caroline 


89 


Carroll 


121 


Cecil 


96 


Charles 


283 


Dorchester 


215 


Frederick 


279 


Garrett 


168 


Harford 


276 


Howard 


160 


Kent 


206 


Montgomery 


442 


Prince George's 


362 


Queen Anne's 


156 


St. Mary's 


326 


Somerset 


107 


Talbot 


243 


Washington 


216 


Wicomico 


357 


Worcester 


238 


Source: Administrative 


Report) 


1977-197 



128 
132 
138 
255 
177 

103 
197 
217 
170 
121 

202 
167 
194 
232 
130 

302 
242 
136 
265 
119 

97 
148 
118 
197 



Statistical Abstract , ( Annual 



UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EOR MARYLAND, CIVIL AND CRIMINAL CASES 

AND BANKRUPTCY, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND CITIZEN MATTERS: 

FISCAL YEARS 1978 AND 1976 



TOTAL CIVIL CASES (U.S. AND PRIVATE) 

Pending as of June 30 of previous year (1977) 

Commenced 

Terminated 

Pending as of June 30 of stated year 

CRIMINAL CASES 

Pending as of July 1 of previous year (1977) 

Commenced 

Terminated 

Pending as of June 30 of stated year 

Pending as of June 30 with criminal defendants (1978) 

BANKRUPTCY CASES 

Pending as of July 1 of previous year (1977) 

Commenced 

Terminated 

Pending as of June 30 of stated year 

PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION 3,326 1,623 

ALIENS NATURALIZED 2,905 1,589 



2,015 


1,452 


2,360 


1,995 


2,184 


1,655 


2,191 


1,792 


477 


465 


1,422 


1,353 


1,284 


1,199 


330 


619 


422 


105 


2,296 


1,167 


1,794 


1,530 


2,136 


1,001 


1,954 


1,696 



(1) 



Includes transfers. 

Source: Annual Report of the Director of the Administrative Office of the United 
States Courts for years cited. 



OFFENSES OF PERSONS COMMITTED TO STATE 
INSTITUTIONS: FISCAL 1978 



MALES REC'D 
FROM COURT (1) 



FEMALES REC'D 
FROM COURT 



PERCENT 
OF TOTAL 



.(2) 



5,367 



5,644 



Arson 


27 


Assault 


708 


Breaking & Entering 


550 


Contempt of Court 


50 


Destruction of Property 


169 


Domestic Relations 


5 


Disorderly Conduct 


16 


Escape 


21 


False Pretenses 


59 


Forgery 


65 


Kidnapping 


8 


Larceny 


504 


Motor Vehicle 


82 


Manslaughter 


37 


Murder 1 


73 


Murder 2 


64 


Narcotics 


289 


Probation Violation 


393 


Rape 


126 


Robbery 


284 


Robbery with a 




Deadly Weapon 


474 


Shoplifting 


162 


Stolen Goods 


102 


Sexual 


25 


Weapons 


117 


Other 


856 


Unauthorized Use 


101 





37 

6 



4 
7 
2 


14 
14 


17 

2 
10 



20 

40 



5 



58 
6 
2 
3 

17 




27 


0.5 


745 


13.2 


556 


9.9 


50 


0.9 


173 


3.1 


12 


0.2 


18 


0.3 


21 


0.4 


73 


1.3 


79 


1.4 


8 


0.1 


521 


9.2 


84 


1.5 


47 


0.8 


73 


1.3 


72 


1.3 


309 


5.5 


433 


7.7 


126 


2.2 


289 


5.1 



220 

108 
27 
120 
873 
101 



8.5 

3.9 
1.9 
0.5 
2.1 
15.5 
1.8 



(1) 
(2) 



Males Received from Court. 

Total number of offenses is greater than the total number of committed persons due to 



some persons being convicted of more than one offense. 
Source: Maryland Division of Corrections, Fiftieth Report , Fiscal Year 1978 . 



JURISDICTIONS FROM WHICH COMMITTED PERSONS WERE RECEIVED: 
FISCAL YEAR 1978 



JURISDICTION 



MALES RECEIVED 
FROM COURT 



FEMALES RECEIVED 
FROM COURT 



PERCENT 
OF TOTAL 



MARYLAND 


4,103 


Allegany 


19 


Anne Arundel 


116 


Baltimore City 


2,649 


Baltimore 


218 


Calvert 


44 


Caroline 


12 


Carroll 


44 


Cecil 


70 


Carles 


68 


Dorchester 


43 


Frederick 


43 


Garrett 


11 


Harford 


17 


Howard 


27 


Kent 


13 


Montgomery 


113 


Prince George's 


333 


Queen Anne's 


11 


St. Mary's 


29 


Somerset 


30 


Talbot 


27 


Washington 


41 


Wicomico 


76 


Worcester 


49 



4,380 



144 
22 

1 

1 
4 
6 
1 
7 

3 

3 
3 



12 

47 





3 


3 

7 
2 



20 


0.5 


123 


2.8 


,793 


63.8 


240 


5.5 


45 


1.0 


13 


0.3 


48 


1.1 


76 


1.7 


69 


1.6 


50 


1.1 


46 


1.0 


11 


0.3 


20 


0.5 


30 


0.7 


13 


0.3 


125 


2.9 


380 


8.7 


11 


0.3 


29 


0.7 


33 


0.8 


27 


0.6 


44 


1.0 


83 


1.9 


51 


1.2 



*Percents may not add to 100^0 due to rounding. 

Source: Maryland Division of Correction, Fiftieth Report, Fiscal Year 1978 . 



AGE GROUPS OF COMMITTED PERSONS, ALL ADULT INSTITUTIONS: 
FISCAL YEAR 1978 



MALES RECEIVED 
FROM COURT 



FEMALES RECEIVED 
FROM COURT 



PERCENT OF 
TOTAL 



Total 


4,097 


277 


4,374 


100.0 


16 years and younger 


32 


1 


33 


0.8 


17 vears 


124 


3 


127 


3.0 


18 years 


295 


5 


300 


6.9 


19 years 


379 


17 


396 


9.1 


20 vears 


362 


19 


381 


8.7 


21 years 


314 


15 


329 


7.5 


22-25 years 


973 


79 


1,052 


24.0 


26-30 years 


713 


68 


781 


17.9 


31-35 years 


377 


31 


408 


9.3 


36-40 years 


199 


18 


217 


5.0 


41-50 years 


229 


16 


245 


5.6 


51-60 years 


86 


5 


91 


2.1 


61 years and older 


14 





14 


0.3 



Percents may not add to total due to rounding. 

Source: Maryland Division of Correction, Fiftieth Report, Fiscal Year 1978 . 

NO. 152 

LENGTHS OF SENTENCES OF COMMITTED PERSONS, ALL ADULT 
INSTITUTIONS: FISCAL YEAR 1978 



MALES 


RECEIVED 


FEMALES 


DECEIVED 




PERCENT OF 


SENTENCE LENGTHS 


FROM COURT 


FROM COURT 


TOTAL 


TOTAL 


Total Sentences 


4 


,097 


277 




4,374 


100.0 


3 months 




24 


1 




25 


0.6 


4-6 months 




487 


45 




532 


12.2 


7 months - 1 year 




612 


62 




674 


15.4 


13-18 months 




475 


37 




512 


11.7 


19 months - 2 years 




298 


29 




327 


7.5 


25 months - 3 years 




433 


33 




466 


10.7 


37 months - 5 vears 




622 


33 




655 


15.0 


61 months - 8 years 




388 


19 




407 


9.3 


97 months - 10 years 




281 


5 




286 


6.5 


121 months - 15 years 




195 


13 




208 


4.8 


More than 15 years 




224 







224 


5.1 


Life 




58 







58 


1.3 


Indefinite 


















Source: Maryland Div 


ision 


of Correction, 


Fiftieth 


Report, 


Fiscal Year 


1978. 



-216 



NO. 153 



DISPOSITION OF ALL JUVENILE COURT CASES, 
FISCAL YEARS 1978, 1976, 



BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 
AND 1974 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



CUMULATIVE TOTAL 
FISCAL YEAR 1978 



CUMULATIVE TOTAL 
FISCAL YEAR 1976 



CUMULATIVE TOTAL 
FISCAL YEAR 1974 



MARYLAND 



45,835 



58,105 



47,977 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



527 

4,962 

14,477 

5,226 

463 



475 
5,050 
24,884 
5,230 
310 



545 

3,706 

17,782 

5,532 
284 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



224 
684 
538 
,371 
219 



146 
623 
549 
962 
212 



150 
549 
483 
951 
317 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



809 
124 
,351 
,093 
161 



831 
164 
1,005 
989 
154 



760 
119 
915 
789 
214 



Mont gomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne' s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



2,938 

7,940 

150 

873 

86 



4,417 

9,074 

154 

502 

153 



3,547 

8,592 

181 

456 

126 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



238 
694 
178 
509 



233 
852 
320 
816 



195 
691 
437 
656 



State of Maryland, Department of Juvenile Services, Monthly Report, June, 
1978, 1976 and 1974. 



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O 22 



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AVERAGE DAILY TOTAL POPULATION AND RATED CAPACITY OF JUVENILE INSTITUTIONS, 
BY INSTITUTION: FISCAL YEARS 1978 and 1979 



INSTITUTION 



AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION 



1979 



PERCENT CHANGE 



1979/78 



RATED 
CAPACITY 



Boys Village 

Maryland Training School 

Montrose School 

Youth Centers 

Maryland Children' s Center 

T.J.S. Waxter Center 

Noyes Center 



335 

267 

142 

55 

35 

26 



53 

335 

286 

141 

68 

31 

23 



39.6 


56 


0.0 


301 


-6.6 


255 


0.7 


140 


19.1 


112 


12.9 


40 


13.0 


30 



TOTALS 



934 



Source: Unpublished data furnished by the Maryland State Juvenile Services Administration. 



-219- 



NO. 156 

CAPACITY, AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION AND ANNUAL PER CAPITA COSTS OF 
ADULT CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS, BY INSTITUTION: 
FISCAL YEAR 1978 



INSTITUTION 



ACA Rated 

Maximum Be 

Capacity 



Current 
Maximum 
Capacity 



Average 

Daily 

Population 



Annual 
Per Capita 
Costs 



Reception Diagnostic 
Classification Center 
for Males (RDCC) 
Maryland Penitentiary 
Maryland House of 
Correction 

Maryland Correctional 
Institution Hagerstown (MCIH) 
Maryland Correctional 
Training Center (MCTC) 
Correctional Camps 
Community Correction (Males) 
Patuxent Annex 
Local Jail Back-up 
Maryland Correctional 
Institution for Women (RDCC) 
Community Correction (Women) 
Community Correction (Contract 



260 

743 



598 
,407 
,004 
207 
126 
N/A 

184 

32 

) 80 



504 
1,027 



1,703 



508 
971 



1,629 


1,433 


1,299 


1,260 


231 


138 


126 


122 


N/A 


918 


249 


225 


32 


29 


80 


85 



$6,699 (2) 
5,706 

5,294 (3 > 

4 ' 759 (4) 
7,278 v ; 

4,155 

3,509 

8,624 
5,704 
6,988 



TOTAL DIVISION 



5,553 



(6) 



,(6) 



8,322 



5,981 



(5) 



(3) 
(4) 



The American Correctional Association bases its ratings on 50 square feet per inmate. 
RDCC and Penitentiary combined. 
MCIH and MCTC combined. 



(5) 



General and Federal funds included. 

Division-wide costs include cost of Headquarters Administrative Staff Unit and Federal 
(LEAA, HEW) Grants. Division-wide costs excluding Headquarters and Federal Grants costs 
are $5,475. 



(6) 



Does not include capacity of local jail back-up. 



Source: Maryland Division of Correction, 50th Report, Fiscal Year 1978 , and unpublished data 
from Central Administration Office. 



SOCIAL SERVICES 

Programs of the various local departments of social services are subiect 
to the supervision, direction and control of the Maryland Social Services 
Administration, a major agency within the Department of Human Resources. 

Generally speaking, the locally administered programs are public assis- 
tance, financial eligibility for medical assistance, child welfare services, 
and other services related to social planning. Funds for the various programs 
come from Federal, State and local sources, with percentage portions varying 
by the type of program. 

In fiscal 1978, over $434,500,000 was paid out to individuals and families, 
an increase of 3.7 percent over the preceding year and a 19 percent increase 
since 1975. About 37 percent of these payments were in the form of aid to 
families with dependent children. The total value of food stamp coupons sold 
in fiscal 1978 was $127,945,449, a decrease of 0.4 percent from the preceding 
year. 



NO. 157 



NET EXPENDITURES FOR SOCIAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION BY FUNDING AND BY LOCAL DEPARTMENT : 

FISCAL YEAR 1978 



TOTAL 
EXPENDITURES 



FEDERAL 
48.95% 



SOURCE OF FUNDS 



STATE 
44.96% 



LOCAL 
2.86% 



OTHER 
3.22% 



TOTAL $306,751,797* 

City of Baltimore 165,120,786 
TOTAL COUNTIES 116,073,377 



Allegany 


3,295,996 


Anne Arundel 


14,348,949 


Baltimore 


14,052,671 


Calvert 


2,101,089 


Caroline 


1,854,205 


Carroll 


2,774,315 


Cecil 


3,220,658 


Charles 


3,326,505 


Dorchester 


2,216,377 


Frederick 


2,892,865 


Garrett 


1,293,214 


Harford 


5,713,501 


Howard 


1,618,931 


Kent 


812,407 


Montgomery 


18,695,787 


Prince George's 


24,026,733 


Queen Anne' s 


1,103,429 


St. Mary's 


2,882,528 


Somerset 


1,178,827 


Talbot 


838,197 


Washington 


3,080,855 


Wicomico 


3,777,118 


Worcester 


968,220 



$150,179,887 $137,907,035 $8,761,686 
73,956,777 86,336,765 930,259 
52,940,944 49,746,863 7,831,427 



1,646,025 


1,378,112 


62,717 


6,470,144 


6,536,343 


415,330 


6,151,800 


6,206,339 


726,810 


971,478 


961,393 


31,142 


893,362 


852,421 


25,370 


1,426,046 


1,161,927 


82,483 


1,564,034 


1,423,964 


60,832 


1,551,511 


1,564,607 


77,588 


1,040,430 


1,020,353 


27,224 


1,350,671 


1,304,706 


64,984 


627,460 


571,903 


36,440 


2,725,697 


2,608,750 


74,159 


782,184 


720,250 


71,064 


395,178 


317,045 


17,276 


7,166,061 


6,138,905 


4,965,108 


1,626,825 


10,943,420 


759,300 


517,330 


455,096 


29,572 


1,418,443 


1,268,842 


64,765 


552,895 


496,044 


33,036 


411,317 


347,731 


19,941 


1,374,596 


1,345,100 


85,739 


1,822,317 


1,681,107 


80,908 


455,140 


442,505 


19,639 



*Excludes Food Stamps issued. 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Annual Report, 1978 . 



NO. 158 



SELECTED SOCIAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION EXPENDITURES: 
FISCAL YEARS 1978 and 1977 



TYPE OF CASE 



1978 



1977 



PERCENT CHANGE 
1978/77 



TOTAL ^ 

Aid to Families with 
Dependent Children 

Foster Care Payments 

General Public Assistance 

General Public Assistance 
to Employables 

Public Assistance (Adults) 

Maintenance Assistance 

Food Stamp Administration 



(2) 



(3) 



$434,559,240 

159,995,312 
19,413,233 
23,928,516 

1,833,452 

406,493 

16,103,251 

7,197,539 



$419,173,439 

152,461,254 
17,859,556 
22,810,578 

2,086,777 

470,740 

14,020,126 

7,497,798 



3.7 

4.9 
8.7 
4.9 

-12.1 

-13.6 

14.9 

-4.0 



Includes Food Stamps issued. 
Federal Refugee Programs. 



(3) 

Includes Assistance for Aged, Blind and Disabled adults. 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Annual Report for 1978 and 1977 . 



-223- 




CO CU CO 



SELECTED SOCIAL SERVICES CASELOAD FOR 
MARYLAND AND BALTIMORE CITY: 
AVERAGE FOR FISCAL YEARS 1977 and 1978 



1978 - - 


PAID CASES 


- - 1977 


STATE 


CITY OF STATE 


CITY OF 


TOTAL 


BALTIMORE TOTAL 


BALTIMORE 



Aid to Families with 

Dependent Children 69,490 



General Public Assistance 17,919 



Emergency Assistance for 
Families with Children 



Public Assistance to Adults 330 



STATE 
TOTAL 



42 


,576 


13 


,972 




588 




189 



70,411 
17,087 

N/A 
N/A 



42,548 
12,897 

N/A 
N/A 



1978 CASES UNDER CARE 



CITY OF 
BALTIMORE 



STATE 
TOTAL 



CITY OF 
BALTIMORE 



Aid to Families with 

Dependent Children 78,203 

General Public Assistance 30,420 

Foster Care of Children (1) 8,800 

Emergency Assistance for. 

Families with Children } 3,149 

Public Assistance to Adults 1,173 



48,507 
25,259 

N/A 

2,165 
1,025 



75,908 


44,852 


25,923 


20,545 


8,600 


N/A 


N/A 


N/A 


N/A 


N/A 



N/A: Not Available 

Approximate number each month. 



(2) 

Total recipients. 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Annual Report for 1978 and 1977. 



FOOD STAMP DISTRIBUTION: 
JULY 1, 1977 - JUNE 30, 1978 













HOUSEHOLDS PARTICIPATING 












JUNE 1978 






TOTAL VALUE 


AMOUNT PAID 


BONUS 










OF FOOD 


BY PARTICIPANT 


STAMP VALUE 




PUBLIC 


NON-PUBLIC 


DEPARTMENT 


COUPONS SOLD 


34.45% 


65.55% 


TOTAL 


ASSISTANCE 


ASSISTANCE 


TOTAL 


$127,945,449 


$44,073,836 


$83,871,613 


92,979 


60,596 


32,038 


City of Baltimore 


83,299,012 


28,368,661 


54,930,351 


62,955 


43,558 


19,397 


TOTAL COUNTIES 


44,646,437 


15,705,175 


28,941,262 


30,024 


17,338 


12,686 


Allegany 


2,110,263 


898,707 


1,211,556 


1,379 


458 


921 


Anne Arundel 


5,209,929 


1,776,102 


3,433,827 


3,626 


2,453 


1,173 


Baltimore 


4,471,898 


1,434,766 


3,037,132 


3,235 


1,909 


1,326 


Calvert 


1,165,799 


429,366 


736,433 


626 


346 


280 


Caroline 


742,784 


260,740 


482,044 


577 


216 


361 


Carroll 


550,358 


204,160 


346,198 


374 


194 


180 


Cecil 


1,294,818 


438,931 


855,887 


748 


326 


422 


Charles 


1,503,134 


546,976 


956,158 


817 


511 


306 


Dorchester 


865,439 


336,248 


529,191 


659 


337 


322 


Frederick 


800,453 


391,247 


481,206 


478 


159 


319 


Garrett 


873,478 


348,152 


525,326 


475 


171 


304 


Harford 


2,598,923 


953,775 


1,645,148 


1,516 


946 


570 


Howard 


596,411 


222,807 


373,604 


391 


139 


252 


Kent 


286,718 


110,789 


175,929 


228 


103 


125 


Montgomery 


4,206,372 


1,557,609 


2,648,763 


3,119 


2,293 


826 


Prince George's 


11,292,154 


3,562,965 


7,729,189 


7,693 


5,092 


2,601 


Queen Anne' s 


418,960 


138,524 


280,436 


294 


141 


153 


St. Mary's 


1,349,113 


506,156 


842,957 


742 


383 


354 


Somerset 


524,238 


182,585 


341,653 


387 


111 


276 


Talbot 


230,233 


92,960 


137,273 


174 


75 


99 


Washington 


1,586,384 


670,665 


915,719 


1,020 


302 


718 


Wicomico 


1,656,629 


592,102 


1,064,527 


1,252 


578 


674 


Worcester 


311,949 


120,843 


191,106 


214 


90 


124 


Source: Maryland 


Department of 


Human Resources , 


Annual Report 1978. 







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As the days of cheap and apparently plentiful energy came to a 
rather abrupt end recently, public awareness of the problems rose dramatically. 

Demand for natural gas energy grew by nearly 8 percent from 1970 
to 1978 in terms of the number of customers. However, revenues rose by 172 
percent over the same period. But, in recent years the demand is really not 
shown in the traditional way as various moratoria imposed by the utility com- 
panies have forbidden or restricted new gas hookups at times. Also, conservation 
measures, higher prices, and weather combined over the period from 1975 to 
1977 to reduce the quantity of natural gas consumed. 

Total commercial and industrial electric sales rose nearly 76 
percent from 1968 to 1978. Sales in 1978 increased by nearly 3 percent over 
the preceding year, and were 7.7 percent higher than 1976 sales. Virtually 
all of the installed generating capacity in Maryland is privately owned. 

Much of the public interest has been devoted to the motor vehicle 
gasoline situation. According to a current survey by the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics, average prices for gasoline sold in the Baltimore Metropolitan 
Area increased from June 1978 to August 1979 as follows: regular grade — 60.4 
cents to 93.3 cents; unleaded grade — 66.0 cents to 97.6 cents; and premium 
grade — 68.6 cents to 98.7 cents. Prices in this area were slightly lower than 
national averages. 

The telephone continues to play an increasingly dominant role in 
communication. There are nearly 1,550,000 accounts with over 3.3 million 
telephones in the State. Continued expansion is promised with the growing usage 
of the telephone for data processing and consumer services. 



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-229- 



GAS UTILITY INDUSTRY, CUSTOMERS AND REVENUES, MARYLAND: 
1970-1978 







CUSTOMERS (1 


,000) (1) 






REVENUES 


($1,000,000) 


(2) 


YEAR & 


















PERCENT 


(3) 
TOTAL K J 


RESI- 


COMMER- 


INDUS- 


(3) 
TOTAL K J 


RESI- 


COMMER- 


INDUS- 


CHANGE 


DENTIAL 


CIAL 


TRIAL 


DENTIAL 


CIAL 


TRIAL 


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768 


714 


48 


5 


446 


258 


70 


118 


1977 


771 


717 


49 


5 


382 


224 


61 


94 


1976 


773 


719 


48 


5 


326 


190 


57 


73 


1975 


775 


720 


49 


5 


273 


162 


46 


60 


1974 


770 


715 


49 


5 


231 


133 


38 


56 


1973 


760 


706 


48 


6 


206 


122 


29 


52 


1972 


744 


690 


47 


5 


205 


123 


28 


51 


1971 


726 


674 


46 


5 


180 


112 


24 


42 


1970 


713 


662 


45 


5 


164 


105 


22 


35 


Percent 


















Change 


















1978/1977 


-0.4 


-0.4 


-2.0 


0.0 


16.8 


15.2 


14.8 


25.5 


1978/1970 


7.7 


7.9 


6.7 


0.0 


172.0 


145.7 


218.2 


237.1 



Preliminary 
Annual Averages. 



Excludes sales for resale. 



Includes "Other" service, not shown separately. 



Source: American Gas Association, Gas Facts , 1975-1978 data. Historical Statistics 
of the Gas Utility Industry 1966-1975 . 



NO. 165 

NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION IN THE 

UNITED STATES, SOUTH ATLANTIC REGION, MARYLAND AND 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: 1977, 1976 and 1975 



QUANTITY 

(Mil. Cu. Ft.) 

United States 19,520,581 



MARYLAND and 

District of 158,838 

Columbia 



VALUE 

($1,000) 



PERCENT CHANGES 
1977/76 1977/75 



0,800,582 


20,409,875 


-6.2 


-4.4 


1,292,336 


1,327,143 


-6.0 


-8.4 


176,272 


165,932 


-9.9 


-4.3 



United States 


32,449,998 


28,050,216 


22,351,956 


15.7 


45.2 


South ,-v 
Atlantic U; 


2,394,326 


1,976,273 


1,683,054 


21.2 


42.3 


MARYLAND and 












District of 


443,179 


388,910 


327,525 


14.0 


35.3 


Columbia 













West Virginia. 

Source: Department of Energy, Office of Energy Data and Interpretation, Natural Gas Annual 
for years shown. 



3|g 



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M W W 

O PL, hJ 

U >h O 



COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIC SALES IN MARYLAND: 
1968-1978 



TOTAL COMMERCIAL 
AND INDUSTRIAL 
SALES ( MILLION KWHR) 



COMMERCIAL SALES 
(MILLION KWHR) 



INDUSTRIAL SALES 
(MILLION KWHR) 



20,845 
20,252 
19,359 
17,238 
17,399 
18,041 
16,598 
15,803 
14,551 
13,061 
11,856 



7,693 
7,439 
7,407 
7,168 
6,777 
7,033 
6,424 
5,930 
5,570 
5,107 
4,629 



13,152 

12,813 

11,952 

10,070 

10,622 

11,008 

10,174 

9,873 

8,981 

7,954 

7,227 



2.9 
75.8 



3.4 
66.2 



2.6 
82.0 



Edison Electric Institute. 



GROSS GALLONS OF MOTOR GASOLINE SOLD, 
MARYLAND AND THE UNITED STATES: 
1972-1978 





MARYLANI 




UNITED 


STATES 






PERCENT 




PERCENT 






CHANGE OVER 




CHANGE OVER 






PRECEDING 




PRECEDING 


YEAR 


(1,000) 


YEAR 


(1,000) 


YEAR 


1978 


2,047,788 


3.7 


116,992,954 


3.6 


1977 


1,975,265 


3.2 


112,980,215 


3.0 


1976 


1,914,355 


3.8 


109,655,206 


5.2 


1975 


1,844,873 


3.1 


104,271,488 


2.4 


1974 


1,789,440 


-4.5 


101,855,749 


-3.7 


1973 


1,873,384 


4.3 


105,759,344 


4.2 


1972 


1,796,502 


- 


101,476,934 


- 



State taxation reports at the wholesale level are the basis of the data. 



Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Admini start ion, Monthly 
Motor Gasoline Reported by States , MF-33G series, Year End Summaries. 









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THE PORT OF BALTIMORE 

The Port of Baltimore ranks as the fifth largest foreign trade port in 
the United States. In 1978, Baltimore was the fastest growing port on the U.S. 
East Coast in terms of total foreign waterborne commerce. Also in 1978, 
33,524,000 short tons of cargo valuing over $11.3 billion were handled. Exports 
show an increase over 1977 of 2.1 percent in tonnage and 28.4 percent in value; 
imports increased by 17.2 percent in tonnage and 45.6 percent in value. 

Although the export tonnage represents only 43 percent of the total ton- 
nage, its value is nearly 57 percent of the total value. This fact is due to 
the more sophisticated nature of the manufactured devices primarily in export 
as opposed to the bulk commodities and raw materials being imported. 

In terms of import tonnage, the principal countries of lading on foreign 
commerce are Canada, Venezuela, Brazil and Algeria, but in value, Japan, West 
Germany, the United Kingdom and Venezuela lead, in that order. Broken into 
trade areas, Europe has a lead in value and tonnage of exports, and is our 
principal trader. 

The use of containerization has grown markedly and continues to contribute 
substantially to Baltimore's tonnage figures, with increases reported at two 
of Baltimore's major terminals. At Dundalk Marine Terminal, the largest faci- 
lity in the Port, container cargo increased 29 percent in 1978, from 2.3 million 
tons in 1977 to 2.9 million tons in 1978. Container tonnage at North Locust 
Point Marine Terminal, the oldest facility in Baltimore, and a much smaller one 
than Dundalk, nearly doubled, from 97,000 tons in 1977 to 186,000 tons in 1978, 
an increase of 91 percent. 





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-240- 





NO. 174 






IMPORT TRADE OF 


IHE PORT OF BALTIMORE ARRANGED BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES 




AND BY TRADE 


AREAS: 1978 






COUNTRY OF ORIGIN 




COUNTRY OF ORIGIN 






IN ORDER OF TONNAGE 


SHORT TONS 


IN ORDER OF VALUE 




VALUE 


Canada 


4,925,760 


Japan 


$1 


,143,533,900 


Venezuela 


4,084,191 


West Germany 




750,980,167 


Brazil 


979,532 


United Kingdom 




334,163,258 


Algeria 


778,262 


Venezuela 




243,852,984 


Liberia 


746,520 


France 




224,933,214 


West Germar^- 


742,625 


Italy 




205,614,749 


Japan 


579,145 


Canada 




153,284,917 


Netherlands Antilles 


564,756 


Brazil 




149,221,048 


Trinidad and Tobago 


454,329 


Sweden 




149,027,901 


Australia 


393,478 


Norway 




141,071,925 


Norway 


385,389 


Taiwan 




108,328,752 


Italy 


273,378 


Spain 




79,344,233 


Spain 


266,351 


Belgium and Luxembourg 




71,168,478 


Philippines 


259,897 


Philippines 




64,812,318 


Republic of South Africa 


244,227 


Republic of Korea 




63,815,670 


Sweden 


233,974 


Hong Kong 




60,942,428 


Mexico 


228,738 


Republic of South Africa 


55,997,952 


United Kingdom 


221,645 


Australia 




55,895,811 


France 


207,815 


Finland 




53,251,438 


Bahamas 


200,209 


Netherlands 




50,087,811 


I Netherlands 


194,895 


Dominican Republic 




44,274,185 


Rumania 


161,626 


Netherlands Antilles 




43,375,208 


Dominican Republic 


143,769 


Iceland 




43,152,694 


| Colombia 


114,256 


Trinidad and Tobago 




34,671,705 


Costa Rica 


111,476 


French Pacific Islands 




32,316,035 


i Chile 


110,457 


Switzerland 




27,768,473 


Finland 


102,354 


Chili 




26,424,317 


Guiana 


101,197 


Liberia 




23,796,860 


Taiwan 


100,764 


Rumania 




23,741,456 


Libya 


94,989 


Russia 




22,309,797 


IMPORTS BY TRADE AREA 




SHORT TONS 






VALUE 


North America 


6,752,836 






$325,096,256 


South America 


5,603,775 






502,663,037 


Europe 


3,132,131 




2 


,294,445,884 


Africa 


2,012,075 






115,347,692 


Asia 


1,253,049 




1 


,572,647,622 


Australia and Oceania 


430,830 






88,214,454 


1 TOTAL 


19,184,696 




4 


,898,414,945 


i Source : Maryland Department 
Statistical Report, 


of Transportation, 
1978. 


Maryland Port Administration 


. Foreign Commerce 






-241- 









EXPORT TRADE OF THE PORT OF BALTIMORE ARRANGED BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES 
AND BY TRADE AREAS: 1978 



COUNTRY OF UNLADING 
IN ORDER OF TONNAGE 



COUNTRY OF UNLADING 
IN ORDER OF VALUE 



Japan 

Russia 

Spain 

Belgium and Luxembourg 

Rumania 

United Kingdom 

Italy 

France 

Republic of Korea 

Poland 

Taiwan 

Portugal 

West Germany 

Egypt 

Netherlands 

Greece 

Sweden 

Iran 

Saudi Arabia 

Pakistan 

Turkey 

Argentina 

Norway 

Venezuela 

Brazil 

China 

Israel 

Canary Islands 

Yugoslavia 

Finland 



,812,804 

,276,453 

985,911 

780,850 

696,772 

625,855 

598,944 

588,606 

565,614 

471,764 

417,864 

399,556 

373,266 

339,700 

320,834 

319,234 

275,545 

193,950 

175,561 

155,795 

149,709 

140,181 

125,798 

121,219 

116,732 

92,440 

90,847 

76,551 

63,832 

59,775 



Saudi Arabia 




$539 


West Germany 




493 


France 




409 


Belgium and 


Luxembourg 


393 


United Kingd 


om 


333 


Japan 




319 


Iran 




272 


Venezuela 




209 


Brazil 




209 


Russia 




197 


Spain 




188 


Netherlands 




188 


Italy 




187 


Republic of 


Korea 


145 


Republic of 


South Africa 


139 


Taiwan 




134 


Nigeria 




134 


Sweden 




126 


Colombia 




119 


Kuwait 




98 


Switzerland 




95 


Argentina 




82 


Hong Kong 




82 


Egypt 




81 


Israel 




75 


Portugal 




67 


Poland 




66 


Australia 




66 


United Arab 


Emirates 


48 


Greece 




47 



EXPORTS BY TRADE AREA 



Europe 

Asia 

Africa 

South America 

North America 

Australia and Oceania 

Unidentified Trade Areas 

TOTAL 



8,264,768 

4,821,992 

590,968 

475,230 

133,316 

23,648 

29,256 

14,339,178 



$3,072,924,709 

2,039,197,548 

507,470,249 

706,509,980 

48,044,658 

70,357,723 

6,444,504,867 



Source: 



Maryland Department of Transportation, Maryland Port Administration, Foreign Commerc 
Statistical Report, 1978 . 



NO. 176 

RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 

FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, IMPORT TONNAGE: 1978, 1977 and 1976 

( IN THOUSANDS OF SHORT TONS ) 



PERCENT CHANGES 
1978/77 1978/76 



NITED STATES 


601,653 


626,264 


538,172 


ew York, N.Y. 


60,818 


64,996 


56,430 


Houston, Tex. 


42,440 


35,514 


26,934 


'hiladelphia, Pa. 


31,329 


32,182 


32,542 


lorpus Christi, Tex. 


26,067 


27,318 


19,236 


,'ew Orleans, La. 


21,100 


24,123 


15,740 


iaton Rouge, La. 


20,838 


29,942 


47,926 


IALTIMORE, MD. 


19,185 


16,369 


19,651 


[obile, Ala. 


18,260 


12,023 


16,981 


larcus Hook, Pa. 


15,348 


14,960 


14,626 


,os Angeles, Ca. 


12,671 


13,662 


11,346 


'aulsboro, N.J. 


12,270 


12,828 


12,060 


,ong Beach, Ca . 


9,286 


17,544 


14,950 


'ortland, Me. 


8,905 


13,288 


20,002 


Boston, Mass. 


7,504 


7,548 


7,134 


lorfolk, Va. 


6,106 


6,394 


6,516 



-3.9 



11.8 



-6.4 


7.8 


19.5 


57.6 


-2.7 


-3.7 


-4.6 


35.5 


12.5 


34.1 


30.4 


-56.5 


17.2 


-2.4 


51.9 


7.5 


2.6 


4.9 


-7.3 


11.7 


-4.3 


1.7 


47.1 


-37.9 


33.0 


-55.5 


-0.6 


5.2 


-4.5 


-6.3 



NO. 177 
RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 
FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, IMPORT VALUE: 1978, 1977 and 1976 
( IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS ) 



1978 



1977 



1976 



PERCENT CHANGES 
1978/77 1978/76 



JNITED STATES 

Sew York, N.Y. 
Los Angeles, Ca. 
Houston, Tex. 
Long Beach, Ca . 
Seattle, Wash. 
BALTIMORE, MD. 
Sew Orleans, La. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Norfolk, Va. 
Oakland. Ca. 

orpus Christi, Tex, 
Jacksonville, Fla. 
Baton Rouge, La. 
Boston, Mass. 
Savannah, Ga. 



$118,865 


$105,782 


$85,602 


24,087 


20,336 


17,995 


7,747 


6,183 


4,709 


6,863 


5,274 


4,058 


6,294 


6,194 


4,792 


5,640 


4,456 


3,382 


4,898 


3,364 


3,075 


4,881 


4,802 


3,472 


4,458 


4,165 


3,482 


3,011 


2,489 


2,196 


2,842 


2,385 


1,736 


2,180 


2,280 


1,416 


2,078 


1,518 


1,150 


1,743 


2,567 


4,059 


1,607 


1,275 


1,148 


1,462 


1,005 


872 



18.4 


33.9 


25.3 


64.5 


30.1 


69.1 


1.6 


31.3 


26.6 


66.8 


45.6 


59.3 


1.6 


40.6 


7.0 


28.0 


21.0 


37.1 


19.2 


63.7 


-4.4 


54.0 


36.9 


80.7 


32.1 


-57.1 


26.0 


40.0 


45.5 


67.7 



Maryland Department of Transportation, Maryland Port Administration, Foreign Commerce 
Statistical Report, 1978 and 1977 . 



NO. 178 

RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 
FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, EXPORT TONNAGE: 1978, 1977 and 1976 
(IN THOUSANDS OF SHORT TONS) 



PERCENT CHANGES 
1978/77 1978/76 



UNITED STATES 


301,573 


275,811 


Houston, Tex. 


20,050 


15,527 


Norfolk, Va. 


17,310 


26,114 


Tampa, Fla. 


17,058 


16,472 


New Orleans, La. 


17,020 


19,638 


BALTIMORE, MD. 


14,339 


14,040 


Baton Rouge, La. 


11,374 


8,679 


Portland, Ore. 


9,596 


6,811 


Long Beach, Ca. 


6,983 


4,988 


New York, N.Y. 


6,220 


5,758 


Corpus Chris ti, Tex. 


5,863 


4,289 


Tacoma, Wash. 


5,762 


4,685 


Newport News, Va. 


5,262 


5,662 


Mobile, Ala. 


4,852 


5,571 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


4,378 


3,430 


Galveston, Tex. 


3,776 


5,923 



284,686 



14,968 


29.1 


34.0 


31,021 


-33.7 


-44.2 


12,120 


3.6 


40.7 


21,230 


-13.3 


-19.8 


14,945 


2.1 


-4.1 


9,590 


31.1 


18.6 


7,440 


40.9 


29.0 


5,576 


40.0 


25.2 


6,249 


8.0 


-0.5 


4,306 


36.7 


36.2 


5,492 


23.0 


4.9 


8,960 


-7.1 


-41.3 


5,762 


-12.9 


-15.8 


4,874 


27.6 


-10.2 


4,268 


-36.3 


-11.5 



RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 

FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, EXPORT VALUE: 1978, 1977 and 1976 

(IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS) 



PERCENT CHANGES 
1978/77 1978/76 



UNITED STATES 



$79,055 



$67,057 



$66,410 



New York, N.Y. 
Houston, Tex. 
BALTIMORE, MD . 
New Orleans, La. 
Norfolk, Va. 
Oakland, Ca . 
Los Angeles, Ca. 
Long Beach, Ca. 
Baton Rouge, La. 
Charleston, S.C. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Seattle, Wash. 
Portland, Ore. 
Galveston, Tex. 
Savannah , Ga . 

Source: Maryland 



11,877 
7,222 
6,444 
5,127 
4,540 
3,135 
2,221 
2,173 
1,917 
1,685 
1,595 
1,397 
1,298 
1,125 
1,011 



10,933 

5,619 

5,018 

5,092 

4,277 

2,520 

1,853 

1,888 

1,443 

1,415 

1,431 

925 

857 

1,292 

875 



11,714 


8.6 


1.4 


5,505 


28.5 


31.2 


5,174 


28.4 


24.5 


5,179 


0.7 


-1.0 


4,551 


6.1 


-0.2 


2,031 


24.4 


54.4 


1,733 


19.9 


28.2 


1,792 


15.1 


21.3 


1,330 


32.8 


44.1 


1,321 


19.1 


27.6 


1,727 


11.5 


-7.6 


871 


51.0 


60.4 


1,051 


51.5 


23.5 


1,104 


-12.9 


1.9 


821 


15.5 


23.1 


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WATERBORNE COMMERCE OF THE PRINCIPAL WATERWAYS IN MARYLAND, 
IN SHORT TONS: 1977 and 1972 









PERCENT CHANGE 


1977 




1972 


1977/1972 


47,045,758 


48 


,211,840 


-2.4 


44,756,359 


45 


,798,776 


-2.3 


2,289,399 


2 


,413,064 


-5.1 


60,361 




62,024 


-2.7 


123,604 




148,919 


-17.0 


300,325 




307,114 


-2.2 


109,406 




124,757 


-12.3 


501,014 




594,890 


-15.8 


837,137 




804,331 


4.1 


6,320 




12,024 


-47.4 


284,472 




308,200 


-7.7 


28,219 




3,604 


683.0 



Total Principal Waterways 

Baltimore Harbor and Channels 

Total Other Principal Waterways 

Chester River, Maryland 
Tred Avon River, Maryland 
Choptank River, Maryland 
Cambridge Harbor, Maryland 
Nanticoke River, Delaware 

and Maryland 
Wicomico River, Maryland 

(Eastern Shore) 
Crisfield Harbor, Maryland 
Pocomoke River, Maryland 
Chincoteague Bay, Maryland 

and Virginia 
On the Coast of Virginia 38,541 47,201 -18.3 

from Chesapeake Bay to 

Chincoteague Bay, Virginia 

Source: U.S. Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the 

United States: Part I, Waterways and Harbors, Atlantic Coast , 1977 and 1972. 



NO. 183 

WATERBORNE COMMERCE OF THE BALTIMORE HARBOR AND CHANNELS^ 1 ) 
IN SHORT TONS: 1968-1977 



YEAR TONNAGE PASSENGERS 

1977 44,756,359 163,134 

1976 52,437,192 169,946 

1975 52,661,448 156,882 

1974 59,891,068 176,944 

1973 53,786,715 182,579 

1972 45,798,776 128,410 

1971 44,002,785 98,347 

1970 51,084,394 175,753 

1969 43,917,369 203,365 

1968 42,459,113 201,210 

^ ^Section included is the mouth of the Patapsco River to Baltimore, Md . 

Source: U.S. Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce 
of the United States: Part I, Waterways and Harbors, Atlantic 
Coast, 1977. 



-248- 



AIR TRAVEL 

Baltimore-Washington International Airport serves as the major commercial 
air facility in the State. This operation is owned by the State of Maryland, 
and it is operated by the Maryland Department of Transportation. 

During 1978, over 3.5 million passengers were handled on more than 
222,100 air traffic operations. Freight traffic totalled more than 148.6 
million pounds, and a significant volume of mail was unloaded at the facility. 
Total freight operations showed a healthy increase of over 13.5 percent from 
1977 to 1978, while total mail operations decreased by almost 10 percent. 

Worthy of mention are the facts that an expansion program is currently 
underway for both passenger and freight operations at the facility. Also, 
plans are underway as of this writing for the construction of a train station 
along the Amtrak mainline just one and one-half miles from BWI, with the 
station to be used for boarding and disembarking passengers to and from 
Baltimore, Washington and other points in the corridor. Completion of this 
project is forecasted for the mid 1980' s. 

In addition to BWI, a listing of airports and heliports in Maryland shows 
39 other facilities, spread out among 22 of the State's 24 political subdivi- 
sions. Scheduled operations serve several of these locations. 



-249- 



NO. 184 
BALTIMORE-WASHINGTON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT OPERATIONS: 1978 and 1977 



TYPE OF OPERATION 



Total Passengers 
Deplaning 
Enplaning 
Chartered 

Total Mail (Lbs.) 
Deplaning 
Enplaning 

Total Freight (Lbs.) 
Deplaning 
Enplaning 



Itinerant 

Commercial Carrier 
General Aviation 
Armed. Forces 



Local 

Armed Forces 
General Aviation 



(3) 



1978 


1977 


PERCENT 
CHANGE 
1978/77 


3,557,139 


3,160,074 


12.6 


1,753,084 


1,529,454 


14.6 


1,710,188 


1,511,436 


13.1 


93,867 


119,184 


-21.2 


40,381,604 


44,749,232 


- 9.8 


19,897,462 


21,134,975 


- 5.9 


20,484,142 


23,614,257 


-13.3 


148,638,100 


130,886,205 


13.6 


100,483,049 


85,040,491 


18.2 


48,155,051 


45,845,714 


5.0 


222,108 


240,658 


- 7.7 


207,975 


222,640 


- 6.6 


118,585 


125,994 


- 5.9 


87,276 


93,951 


- 7.1 


2,114 


2,695 


-21.6 


14,133 


18,018 


-21.6 


2,292 


3,419 


-33.0 


11,841 


14,599 


-18.9 



Remaining under control of the local tower. 

Includes airline personnel familiarization operations. 



Source: Maryland Department of Transportation, State Aviation Administration, Comparative 
Summary of Activity for Calendar Year 1978 . 











NO. 


185 








COMMERCIAL 


AIRPORTS 
BY 


AND HELIPORTS IN THE STATE OF MARYLAND, 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 


POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 












AIRPORTS AND HELIPORTS 


Allegany 














Cumberland, Mexico Farms 


Anne Arundel 














Deep Creek, Baltimore-Washington Int'nl 
Lee (Annapolis) , Suburban 


Baltimore City 














Pier 4, Pratt St. (Heliport) 


Baltimore 














Baltimore Airpark, Essex Skypark, 
Glen L. Martin 


Caroline 














Ridgely-Pelican 


Carroll 














Clearview, Carroll County 


Cecil 














Cecil County 


Charles 














Aqualand/Clif ton, Maryland 


Dorchester 














Cambridge Municipal 


Frederick 














Frederick 


Garrett 














Garrett County 


Harford 














Aldino-Churchville, Conowingo, Fallston 
Forest Hill Industrial 


Kent 














Gill 


Montgomery 














Davis, Montgomery County 


Prince George's 














College Park, Freeway, Hyde Field, 
Prince George's Airpark, Inc. 


Queen Anne' s 














Bay Bridge, Kentmorr 


St. Mary's 














Park Hill, St. Mary's County Airport 


Somerset 














Crisfield 


Talbot 














Easton 


Washington 














Hagerstown 


Wicomico 














Bennett, Salisbury-Wicomico County 


Worcester 














Ocean City 


Source : Marylar 


d Department of Tran 


sportation 


State 


Aviation Administration, 1979. 










-251- 







MOTOR VEHICLES 

Motor vehicles play a major role in the Maryland economy. In addition to 
traffic volume and highway utilization rates, the manufacture, distribution, 
maintenance and commercial use of motor vehicles in the State represent a major 
economic force. Employment in the motor vehicle industry and related indus- 
tries accounts for 17.5 percent of total employment in the State. 

There were 2,856,781 motor vehicles registered in our State during the 
1979 registration year. Some 2,783,500 persons held licenses to operate vehi- 
cles as of January 9, 1979. 

There are 25,823 miles of highway in the State, half of which is in the 
metropolitan Baltimore and the metropolitan Washington areas. Interstate 
highways comprise more than 367 miles of these totals. Traffic recorders 
located at 41 points in the State for 1978 reflect the increase in travel 
since the easing of the gasoline crisis in 1974. The total of all toll faci- 
lities showed an increase of 13.7 percent from 1977 to 1978; traffic on J.F. 
Kennedy Highway (1-95) in 1978 was 3.4 percent higher than the total for 
1977, while volume on the Chesapeake Bay Bridge rose 4.8 percent. 

Motor vehicle user taxes, licenses, fines and costs amounted to over 
$415,000,000 in fiscal 1978, up by nearly $70,000,000 from the fiscal 1976 
figure. The 1978 amount represents 10 percent of the total State receipts 
for the fiscal year. 



MOTOR VEHICLE-RELATED EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND AND 
THE UNITED STATES 



TOTAL 



MOTOR 


PETROLEUM 


VEHICLE 


REFINING 


& PARTS 


AND 


MFRS . 


WHOLESALING 


1974 


1974 



AUTOMOTIVE ROAD TRUCK PASSENGER 

SALES & CONSTRUCTION DRIVERS & TRANSPORTA- 

SERVICING & MAINTENANCE OTHER TION* 
EMPLOYEES 

1972 1974 1975 1974 



U.S. 14,082,038 787,241 275,343 2,858,425 
MARYLAND 194,376 (D) 2,109 54,148 



783,968 9,059,800 317,261 
9,312 123,000 5,807 



Percent 
of U.S. 



1.4 (D) 0.8 1.9 1.2 1.4 1. 

Employment in Motor Vehicle-Related Industries as a percent of Total State Employment: 

U.S. 22.0 

MARYLAND 17.5 

(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 

* Includes some local rail and subway employees. 

Source: MVMA Motor Vehicle Facts and Figures, 1978 . Compiled by the Motor Vehicle Manufac- 
turers' Association of the U.S., Inc., from U.S. Bureau of the Census and American 
Trucking Associations data. 

NO. 187 

NEW MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION AND NUMBER OF LICENSED 
DRIVERS IN MARYLAND : 1978 and 1977 



Passenger Cars 

Commercial 

TOTAL 

Number of Licensed Drivers 

(as of Jan. 9, 1979 and Jan. 1, 1978) 



270,287 

56,473 

326,760 

2,783,572 



248,708 

48,658 

297,366 

2,529,740 



Source: Maryland Department of Transportation, Motor Vehicle Administration, registration 
based on data obtained from Dealer Report, Monthly, 1978 and 1977. 



MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION IN MARYLAND, BY TYPE AND POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1979 AND 1978 









1979(1) 






1978 








PLEASURE 






PLEASURE 




SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


(CLASS A) 


ALL OTHER* 


TOTAL 


(CLASS A) 


ALL OTHER 


MARYLAND 


2,856,781 


2,220,913 


635,868 


2,755,542 


2,152,483 


603,059 


Allegany 


56,878 


40,798 


16,080 


55,172 


39,778 


15,394 


Anne Arundel 


270,098 


205,012 


65,086 


254,439 


194,068 


60,371 


Baltimore City 


342,187 


274,660 


67,527 


331,545 


271,773 


59,772 


Baltimore 


489,023 


399,409 


89,614 


472,018 


386,069 


85,949 


Calvert 


25,030 


16,857 


8,173 


22,224 


14,852 


7,372 


Caroline 


21,739 


11,371 


10,368 


20,612 


10,827 


9,785 


Carroll 


77,500 


52,902 


24,598 


71,703 


48,711 


22,922 


Cecil 


41,835 


28,228 


13,607 


39,769 


26,648 


13,121 


Charles 


51,079 


35,446 


15,633 


46,701 


32,244 


14,457 


Dorchester 


23,172 


15,013 


8,159 


22,791 


14,788 


8,003 


Frederick 


86,116 


59,654 


26,462 


79,017 


54,974 


24,043 


Garrett 


17,790 


10,483 


7,307 


17,136 


10,181 


6,955 


Harford 


104,081 


77,754 


26,327 


97,939 


74,153 


23,786 


Howard 


89,385 


70,847 


18,538 


83,120 


65,844 


17,276 


Kent 


13,789 


8,839 


4,950 


13,561 


8,610 


4,951 


Montgomery 


438,856 


377,533 


61,323 


431,653 


371,239 


60,414 


Prince George's 


456,055 


366,939 


89,116 


455,115 


366,482 


88,633 


Queen Anne's 


20,153 


12,637 


7,516 


18,604 


11,494 


7,110 


St. Mary's 


37,443 


25,341 


12,102 


34,884 


23,268 


11,616 


Somerset 


13,454 


8,750 


4,704 


13,166 


8,524 


4,642 


Talbot 


22,329 


14,814 


7,515 


21,854 


14,422 


7,432 


Washington 


83,756 


58,366 


25,390 


79,521 


55,921 


23,600 


Wicomico 


49,435 


32,781 


16,654 


47,853 


31,426 


16,427 


Worcester 


24,627 


15,746 


8,881 


23,415 


14,852 


8,563 


Miscellaneous 


971 


733 


238 


1,730 


1,335 


395 



^Includes Motorcycles, Motorbikes, Motor Scooters (Class D) , Trailers (Class C) , and all 
other Classes. 

(1) 



(2) 



For the period March 1, 1978 through April 30, 1979. 
For the period March 1, 1977 through April 30, 1978. 



Source: Maryland Department of Transportation, Motor Vehicle Administration, Segregation 
of Classifications by Political Subdivision , for years stated. 



NO. 189 
AVERAGE DAILY VEHICLE MILES, STATE MAINTAINED ROADS: 1978 AND 1977 



PERCENT CHANGE 
SUBDIVISION 1978 1977 1978/1977 



MARYLAND 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore 
Calvert 
Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George' s 
Queen Anne's 
Somerset 
St. Mary's 
Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Toll Facilities 



State Highway Administration of Maryland, Bureau of Highway Statistics, based 
on data obtained from Mileage, Annual Vehicle Miles of Travel and Square 
Yards of Surfacing , as of January 1, 1979 and January 1, 1978. 



53,649,364 


50,819,500 


5.6 


1,130,360 


1,130,360 


NC 


5,083,550 


4,885,704 


4.0 


8,349,810 


8,389,183 


-0.5 


487,731 


403,543 


20.9 


420,501 


405,433 


3.7 


1,472,189 


1,161,892 


26.7 


942,380 


884,403 


6.6 


1,172,756 


1,227,679 


-4.5 


464,195 


446,185 


4.0 


2,348,825 


2,281,544 


2.9 


562,444 


541,689 


3.8 


1,698,292 


1,625,581 


4.5 


2,416,699 


2,311,264 


4.6 


342,756 


311,899 


9.9 


8,317,136 


7,465,248 


11.4 


8,873,082 


8,535,997 


3.9 


891,103 


527,345 


69.0 


447,658 


417,110 


7.3 


719,495 


689,867 


4.3 


773,450 


751,693 


2.9 


1,979,417 


1,948,465 


1.6 


992,323 


933,268 


6.3 


815,373 


675,955 


20.6 


2,947,839 


2,868,193 


2.8 



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HIGHWAY MILEAGES BETWEEN SELECTED LOCATIONS IN MARYLAND 



Annapolis 

Baltimore 

Cambridge 

Chestertown 

Crisfield 

Cumberland 

Elkton 

Frederick 

Hagerstown 

Oakland 

Ocean City 

Point Lookout 

Salisbury 

Solomon' s 

Washington, D. C. 





26 


53 


44 


117 


170 


77 


78 


103 


220 


114 


91 


85 


59 


26 




72 


63 


136 


140 


51 


47 


72 


189 


133 


122 


104 


85 


53 


72 




51 


64 


223 


87 


131 


156 


273 


61 


149 


32 


112 


44 


63 


51 




115 


214 


36 


122 


147 


264 


112 


140 


83 


103 


117 


136 


64 


115 




287 


139 


195 


220 


337 


60 


213 


32 


176 


170 


140 


223 


214 


287 




191 


93 


68 


49 


284 


217 


255 


205 


77 


51 


87 


36 


139 


191 




98 


123 


240 


136 


173 


107 


136 


78 


47 


131 


122 


195 


93 


98 




25 


142 


192 


124 


163 


112 


103 


72 


156 


147 


220 


68 


123 


25 




117 


217 


149 


188 


137 


220 


189 


273 


264 


337 


49 


240 


142 


117 




334 


266 


305 


254 


114 


133 


61 


112 


60 


284 


136 


192 


217 


334 




210 


29 


173 


91 


122 


149 


140 


213 


217 


173 


124 


149 


266 


210 




181 


81 


85 


104 


32 


83 


32 


255 


107 


163 


188 


305 


29 


181 




140 


59 


85 


112 


103 


176 


205 


136 


112 


137 


254 


173 


81 


140 




33 


38 


86 


77 


150 


138 


89 


45 


70 


187 


147 


79 


118 


67 



Source: State Highway Administration, Official State Highway Map . 



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AGRICULTURE 

Maryland, like most other states of the United States, and especially the 
"megalopolitan" states, has been undergoing a shift from rural agricultural 
living and employment to urban manufacturing and service employment. 

Accordingly, the land devoted to farming and the number of farms has 
been steadily declining. In the period from 1970 to 1979, the land in farms 
has declined from 3,080,000 acres to 2,805,000 acres, while the number of farms 
in the State has declined from 18,800 to 16,000. A natural corollary here has 
been the decline in farm workers to an annual average of 34,000 in 1974, in- 
cluding family and hired workers. This trend had continued in recent years. 
The 1978 number of farm workers declined to an annual average of 29,000. 

The largest sources of farm income are livestock and livestock products, 
which in 1977 accounted for 64.8 percent of all agricultural receipts in 
Maryland. The dominance of this category is due primarily to dairy products 
and poultry. Cattle and calves, eggs and hogs are important, but they rep- 
resent substantially smaller elements. In the same year, field crops accounted 
for approximately 25 percent of the receipts for all commodities, led by corn, 
soy beans and tobacco. At the same time, vegetables and melons as well as 
greenhouse and nursery products were important sources of farm income in the 
State. 

Prices received by farmers have improved quite substantially in the period 
from 1971 to 1978. Using a base period of 1967 to equal 100, the index number 
for all commodities rose from 106.0 in 1971 to 193.0 in 1978. Likewise, the 
all crops index rose over the same time period from 118.0 to 196.0, while an 
index based on livestock and livestock products went from 100.0 to 191.0. 







NO. 


193 








CASH 


RECEIPTS FROM FARMING, 


MARYLAND: 1977, 


1976 and 1975 








1977 


1976 


1975 


PERCENT OF 


TOTAL 


RECEIPTS 


COMMODITY 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


1977 


1976 


1975 


ALL CROPS 


$229,185 


$248,603 


$265,562 


34.7 


36.9 


39.3 


Corn 


68,856 


96,250 


94,280 


10.4 


14.3 


13.9 


Soybeans 


41,089 


41,315 


52,318 


6.2 


6.1 


7.7 


Tobacco 


30,200 


22,202 


28,880 


4.6 


3.3 


4.3 


Wheat 


10,733 


12,865 


12,794 


1.6 


1.9 


1.9 


Apples 


6,628 


6,289 


5,373 


1.0 


0.9 


0.8 


Tomatoes 


5,732 


5,839 


6,408 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


Hay 


4,844 


4,133 


3,638 


0.7 


0.6 


0.5 


Cucumbers 


3,723 


3,942 


4,613 


0.6 


0.6 


0.7 


Snap Beans 


2,939 


2,204 


3,868 


0.4 


0.3 


0.6 


Sweet Corn 


2,885 


2,914 


4,351 


0.4 


0.4 


0.6 


Barley 


2,814 


4,551 


3,582 


0.4 


0.7 


0.5 


Peaches 


2,808 


2,367 


2,850 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


Mushrooms 


2,227 


1,608 


1,088 


0.3 


0.2 


0.2 


Sweet Potatoes 


2,214 


2,144 


2,117 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


Green Peas 


1,760 


1,774 


1,766 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


Spinach 


1,514 


299 


470 


0.2 


■k 


0.1 


Watermelons 


1,504 


1,552 


1,555 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


Potatoes 


980 


1,440 


1,711 


0.1 


0.2 


0.3 


Strawberries 


864 


756 


662 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 


Asparagus 


858 


900 


891 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 


Lima Beans 


554 


718 


794 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 


Cantaloups 


416 


400 


370 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 


Commercial Sod . . 
Other Vegetables ^^ 
Other Field Crops { } 
Other Fruits ; 


** 


5,720 


4,159 


** 


0.9 


0.6 


3,881 


3,373 


4,2 72 


0.6 


0.5 


0.6 


1,241 


1,403 


1,343 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


421 


345 


309 


0.1 


0.1 


* 


TOTAL FIELD CROPS (4) 


165,198 


193,631 


205,910 


25.0 


28.7 


30.4 


Total Vegetables 
and Melons 














25,766 


23,915 


29,358 


3.9 


3.6 


4.3 


Total Fruit ^ 


10,721 


9,757 


9,194 


1.6 


1.4 


1.4 


Forest Products^ ' 


2,500 


2,500 


2,500 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


Greenhouse and Nursery 


25,000 


18,800 


18,600 


3.8 


2.8 


2.8 


LIVESTOCK AND LIVE- 














STOCK PRODUCTS 


428,282 


423,697 


409,262 


64.8 


62.9 


60.5 


Broilers 


185,566 


181,193 


187,256 


28.1 


26.9 


27.7 


Dairy Products 


162,168 


157,347 


140,746 


24.6 


23.4 


20.8 








(Continued on Following 


Page) 








-260- 











NO. 193 
CASH RECEIPTS FROM FARMING, MARYLAND: 1977, 1976 and 1975 (Cont'd.) 







1977 


1976 


1975 


PERCENT 


OF TOTAL 


RECEIPTS 


COMMODITY 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


1977 


1976 


1975 


Cattle and Calves 


$37,243 


$37,672 


$34,809 


5.6 


5.6 


5.2 


Hogs 


17,677 


19,972 


20,339 


2.7 


3.0 


3.0 


Eggs 


17,198 


19,210 


18,716 


2.6 


2.9 


2.8 


Farm Chickens 


1,081 


990 


723 


0.2 


0.1 


0.1 


Turkeys 


646 


587 


302 


0.1 


0.1 


N/A 


Sheep and Lambs 


308 


366 


325 


N/A 


N/A 


N/A 


Honey 


224 


250 


175 


N/A 


N/A 


N/A 


Wool 
Other (8) 


88 


74 


43 


N/A 


N/A 


N/A 


6,083 


6,036 


5,828 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


ALL COMMODITIES 


657,467 


672,300 


674,824 


99.5 


99.8 


99.8 


GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 


3,398 


1,514 


1,204 


0.5 


0.2 


0.2 


TOTAL RECEIPTS 


660,865 


673,814 


676,028 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 



N/A - Not Available. 

* - Less than 0.05. 

** - Included in Greenhouse and Nursery. 

(1) 

Broccoli, cabbage, kale, peppers & others. 

(2) 

Rye, oats, lespedeza seed, red clover and misc. crops. 

<Z) 

Misc. fruits, berries and nuts. 

(4) 

Includes potatoes, sweet potatoes, mushrooms and commercial sod in 1975 and 1976. 

Excludes potatoes and sweet potatoes. 



(6) 

Includes maple sugar and syrup . 



Includes strawberries 
(7) 



Misc. livestock and poultry, livestock and poultry products, beeswax, horses, mules 
and mink pelts . 

Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Maryland Agricultural Statistics , Publication 
No. 85, June, 1979. 



SELECTED COMMODITIES INDICES, PRICES RECEIVED BY FARMERS, 
1971-78 U; (1967 = 100) 



ALL COMMODITIES 



LIVESTOCK AND 
LIVESTOCK product: 



1978 
1977 
1976 
1975 
1974 
1973 
1972 
1971 



193 
174 
175 
175 
173 
149 
115 
106 



196 
188 
190 
185 
207 
167 
128 
118 



191 
168 
168 
170 
157 
140 
109 
100 



Annual average based on unrounded monthly indices . 
Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division of Marketing, Maryland Agricultural 
Statistics , Publication No . 85, June, 1979. 



NUMBER OF FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS, MARYLAND: 1970-79 



(1) 



NUMBER OF FARMS 



LAND IN FARMS (1,000 ACRES) 



1979 

1978 

1977 

1976 

1975* 

1974 

1973 

1972 

1971 

1970 



16,000 
16,100 
16,100 
16,300 
16,400 
17,800 
18,000 
18,200 
18,500 
18,800 



2,805 
2,815 
2,820 
2,840 
2,855 
2,955 
2,970 
3,010 
3,050 
3,080 



* Beginning in 1975, places with annual sales of agricultural products of $1,000 or more. 

Official estimate of Maryland-Delaware Crop Reporting Service. 
Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division of Marketing, Maryland Agricultural 
Statistics , Publication No. 85, June, 1979. 



WORKERS ON FARMS IN MARYLAND: 1978, 1977, 1976 and 1974 



(1) 





TYPE 


1978 


1977 


1976 


1974 


Family Workers 
Hired Workers 

TOTAL 


17,000 
12,000 
29,000 


20,000 
12,000 
32,000 


21,000 
13,000 
34,000 


24,000 
10,000 
34,000 



Annual average of persons employed during the last full calendar week ending at least one 
day before the end of the month. 
Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Maryland Agricultural Statistics , Publication No. 85, 
June, 1979, and Publication No. 69, June, 1978. 

-262- 



-263- 



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HOUSING AND CONSTRUCTION 

Traditionally, home ownership has been a goal for most Marylanders . Virtually 
59 percent of the housing units in the State were owner occupied at the time of 
taking the most recent Census of Housing. The variations in percentages of owner 
occupancy ranged from 71.8 percent in Howard County to 42.2 percent in Baltimore 
City. 

Overall, the quality of housing is rather good when one looks at the generally 
cited characteristics. Again, there is considerable variance among the political 
subdivisions . 

The total construction contract values ratio of Maryland to the Nation stood 
at 1.8 in 1978. Speaking in absolute dollars, almost $3.0 billion of construction 
contract awards were made in the State during that year, an increase of nearly 29.9 
percent over 1977. More than $1,036.5 million of the value was for residential 
construction contracts, while slightly over $778 million represented awards for 
non-residential buildings. Non-building construction accounted for the remaining 
$1,021 million. 

There were 28,169 new building permits issued in Maryland for residential 
dwelling units of all types, a decrease of 7.4 percent over 1977. 

Although Maryland is not a major mobile home market, there is a small but 
steady demand for this type of housing. From 1960 through 1978, 35,431 new mobile 
homes were shipped into the State. 



SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS OF HOUSING IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1970 





QUALITY OF 


DENSITY OF 


HOME 


RECENTLY 




HOUSING 


OCCUPANCY 


OWNERSHIP 


BUILT 




1970 


1970 


1970 


HOUSING 




PERCENTAGE 


PERCENTAGE 








LACKING 


WITH MORE 




PERCENTAGE 




SOME OR ALL 


THAN 1.00 


PERCENTAGE 


BUILT 




PLUMBING 


PERSONS 


OWNER 


1960- 


SUBDIVISION 


FACILITIES 


PER ROOM 


OCCUPIED 


1970 


Allegany 


8.2 


4.5 


63.7 


15.6 


Anne Arundel 


4.2 


6.7 


66.5 


38.0 


Baltimore City 


1.8 


8.3 


42.2 


10.2 


Baltimore 


2.1 


4.5 


68.2 


30.2 


Calvert 


22.0 


12.5 


60.5 


33.0 


Caroline 


19.5 


6.3 


63.8 


17.5 


Carroll 


8.6 


5.7 


68.3 


28.0 


Cecil 


10.0 


8.8 


62.7 


21.0 


Charles 


16.7 


12.8 


65.9 


41.2 


Dorchester 


20.4 


6.5 


57.6 


17.1 


Frederick 


11.8 


6.1 


62.4 


22.9 


Garrett 


21.7 


8.6 


62.3 


25.4 


Harford 


5.7 


7.2 


62.9 


40.0 


Howard 


6.7 


5.2 


71.8 


53.7 


Kent 


20.4 


5.6 


59.5 


22.5 


Montgomery 


1.1 


3.2 


59.7 


43.7 


Prince George's 


1.7 


6.1 


48.2 


52.6 


Queen Anne's 


22.5 


6.9 


62.5 


24.4 


St. Mary's 


11.8 


11.9 


51.0 


33.0 


Somerset 


34.2 


8.3 


65.5 


16.1 


Talbot 


13.6 


5.6 


59.0 


18.8 


Washington 


11.0 


5.6 


58.6 


20.5 


Wicomico 


11.8 


6.0 


63.8 


24.3 


Worcester 


22.1 


8.0 


58.4 


17.5 



Note: All data concern year round homes. 

Sources: U. S. Census of Population and Housing, Final Report , HC1-A22, Table 29. 
U. S. Census of Population and Housing, Final Report , HC1-B22, Table 62. 



-267- 



VALUE OF CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT^ 1 ) AWARDS, UNITED STATES AND MARYLAND 
1976-1978 and 1968 



United States^ 2 ) 


158,438 


139,723 


Maryland 


2,836 


2,183 


Maryland as Percent of 


1.8 


1.7 


United Stats 







1978 1977 1976 1968 

JURISDICTION ($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) ($1,000,000 

110,061 62,494 

2,027 1,394 
1.8 2.2 

^''Represents the sum of the value of residential building contracts, non-residen- 
tial building contracts, and non-building construction contracts. 

(2)Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. 

Source: McGraw Hill Information Systems Company, Dodge Construction Potentials , 
Region II Bulletin , various December issues. (Maryland data). 
U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Survey of Current Business , April issue, 
1979, 1978, 1977, 1969. (United States data). 

NO. 201 

NEW BUILDING PERMITS FOR PRIVATE AND PUBLIC RESIDENTIAL DWELLING UNITS 
AUTHORIZED IN MARYLAND: 1969-1978 



PRIVATE AND PUBLIC RESIDENTIAL PERCENT CHANGE 

DWELLING UNITS OVER PREVIOUS YEAR 



1978 28,169 -7.4 

1977 30,431 12.7 

1976 26,994 37.3 

1975 19,661 -15.6 

1974 23,299 -51.8 

1973 48,307 -11.5 

1972 54,566 22.2 

1971 44,659 27.1 

1970 35,138 4.9 

1969 33,489 3.0 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Construction Review March 1979, April/May 1977, 
May 1976, May 1972. 



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-269- 



MOBILE HOME SHIPMENTS INTO AND WITHIN MARYLAND: 1962-1978 



INDEX (1967=100) 



CUMULATIVE 



1978 


1,153 


1977 


1,183 


1976 


1,545 


1975 


1,502 


1974 


2,282 


1973 


3,014 


1972 


2,788 


1971 


2,425 


1970 


2,979 


1969 


1,900 


1968 


2,280 


1967 


2,100 


1966 


2,090 


1965 


1,810 


1964 


2,000 


1963 


1,350 


1962 


1,170 



54.9 

56.3 

73.6 

71.5 

108.7 

143.5 

132.8 

115.5 

141.9 

90.5 

108.6 

100.0 

99.5 

86.2 

95.2 

64.3 

55.7 



35,431 

34,278 

33,095 

31,550 

30,048 

27,766 

24,752 

21,964 

19,539 

16,560 

14,660 

12,380 

10,280 

8,190 

6,380 

4,380 

3,030 



Source: Manufactured Housing Institute. 



REAL ESTATE 

The total assessed value of real property in Maryland in 1979 stood at 
$30,338,025,000, representing an increase of 21 percent over the corresponding 
aggregate assessment in 1978. The greatest valuation occurs in Montgomery, 
Baltimore and Prince George's Counties, and in Baltimore City, in that descending 
rank. 

Strides have been made among the local jurisdictions to achieve uniformity 
in assessment level ratios, and all assessors in the State are employees of the 
Maryland Department of Assessments and Taxation. The Statewide average in 1979 
was 40 percent. 

The federal government owns and leases substantial acreage and buildings 
in the State. The size of the federal operation is due, at least in part, to 
the proximity of Maryland to the District of Columbia. 

As of September 30, 1977, the federal government owned more than 205,000 
acres of land and nearly 12,000 buildings on Maryland land. And, as of September 
30, 1977, just over 4,100 acres and more than 1,020 buildings were leased to 
the federal establishment. Increases in both ownership and leasehold interests 
have occurred substantially in recent years. 



NUMBER OF REAL PROPERTIES AND REAL PROPERTY ASSESSED 
VALUES, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS: FISCAL YEAR 1979 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF 
PROPERTIES 



ASSESSED VALUE 
REAL PROPERTY ($1,000) 



MARYLAND 



1,403,408 



30,338,025 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
- Calvert 



35,813 
125,646 
226,777 
197,917 

22,555 



320,073 
2,763,204 
2,780,798 
4,848,979 

293,015 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



11,034 
34,602 
25,134 
25,536 
16,227 



94,844 
710,529 
327,428 
509,455 
159,546 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



45,351 
17,300 
46,498 
40,562 
10,627 



842,527 
150,431 
961,123 
1,285,485 
125,042 



Montgomery 
Prince George 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



172,377 

177,735 

16,319 

22,745 

13,112 



6,939,214 
4,663,099 

224,421 

357,140 

89,794 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



12,610 
38,044 
33,138 
35,749 



310,346 
642,615 
406,925 
531,992 



Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation, 1979 Annual Survey 
Assessment Ratios. 



REAL PROPERTY ASSESSMENT LEVEL RATIOS, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1979, 1978 and 1977 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



1979 



1978 



1977 



MARYLAND AVERAGE 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City- 
Bait imore 
Calvert 



36 
41 
39 
41« 

40 



40 
40 
45 
43 
41 



44 
39 
44 
41 
42 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



35 
38 
37 
43 
38 



33 

41 
41 
44 
42 



34 
41 
42 
44 
33 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



38 
37 
39 
39 
38 



42 
39 
43 
44 
40 



41 
35 
43 
46 
40 



Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



39 

45 
40 
40 
41 



42 
47 
42 
43 
45 



41 
47 
40 
44 
42 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



36 
41 
40 
40 



42 
39 
41 
40 



40 
40 
41 
37 



Source: State of Maryland, State Department of Assessments and Taxation, 1979 Annual Survey 
Assessment Ratios. 



NO. 206 

REAL PROPERTY LEASED^ TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN MARYLAND: 
1977 and 1976 



REAL PROPERTY LEASED 

No. of Leases 1,109 1,031 

Land (Acres) 4,143 3,804.6 

No. of Locations 1,024 1,058 

Floor Area (Sq. Ft.) 11,891,699 11,681,453 

Annual Rental $46,186,933 $43,658,460 

NO. 207 
FEDERALLY OWNED REAL PROPERTY ( " 1) IN MARYLAND: 1977 and 1976 



1977 1976 

FEDERALLY OWNED REAL PROPERTY 

Total Cost ($1,000) $2,519,890 $2,394,205 

No. of Installations 366 348 

Land (Acres) 205,629 205,478 

No. of Buildings 11,962 11,914 



General Services Administration, Inventory Report of Real Property Leased to 
United States Throughout the World , Sept. 30, 1977 and Sept. 30, 1976. 
Inventory Report on Real Property Uwned by the United States throughout the 
World , Sept. 30, 1977 and Sept. 30, 1976. 



FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND 

While Maryland ranks forty-second among the states in area, and eighteenth 
in population, it ranks thirteenth in total federal funds received. 

Of the nearly $10 billion in 1977 outlays in Maryland, more than $2.5 
billion were in Baltimore City, $2.2 billion in Montgomery County, while Prince 
George's County received over $1.2 billion and Anne Arundel County, a little over 
one billion. 

From the myriad of federal programs, outlays in the retirement and disability 
programs were nearly $1.7 billion, defense outlays were over $2.7 billion, and 
it is thus seen that these many federal programs constitute a major impact on the 
Maryland economy . 



NO. 208 
RELATIVE POSITION OF THE STATE: 1977 and 1975 FISCAL YEARS 



13th In Total Federal Funds 13th 

18th In Resident Population of States in 1976 18th 

27th In Number of Low Income Individuals (1975) 26th 

42nd In Area in 1970 42nd 

RANK IN TERMS OF FUNDS RECEIVED FROM THE FEDERAL AGENCIES 

3rd For the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 3rd 

4th For the Department of Commerce 1st 

4th For the Department of State 5th 

9th For the General Services Administration 15th 

9th For the Department of Transportation 7th 

10th For the Department of Defense 10th 

10th For the Environmental Protection Agency 15th 

11th For the Energy Research and Development Administration 11th 

12th For the Department of Health, Education and Welfare 11th 

18th For the Treasury Department 23rd 

19th For the Department of Labor 25th 

22nd For the Department of Housing and Urban Development 20th 

24th For the Department of Justice 14th 

25th For the Veterans Administration 25th 

29th For the Department of the Interior 25th 

33rd For the Department of Agriculture 27th 

Source: Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, Geographic Distribution 
of Federal Funds in Maryland , 1977 and 1975. 



FUNCTIONAL SUMMARY OF FEDERAL OUTLAYS, MARYLAND: FY 1977 
(IN THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS) 



TOTAL 



$9,874,920 



Department of Defense - Military 

General Retirement and Disability Insurance 

Health Care Services 

Federal Employee Retirement and Disability 

Health Research and Education 

Ground Transportation 

General Science, Space and Technology 

Public Assistance and Other Income Supplements 

Pollution Control and Abatement 

Health 

Postal Service 

Training and Employment 

Energy 

Other Advancement and Regulation of Commerce 

Income Security for Veterans 

Other Natural Resources 

General Revenue Sharing 

General Property and Records Management 

Elementary, Secondary and Vocational Education 

Agricultural Research and Services 

Social Services 

Community Development 

Area and Regional Development 

Veterans Education, Training and Rehabilitation 

Hospital and Medical Care for Veterans 

Water Transportation 

Higher Education 

Education, Training, Employment and Social Services 

Unemployment Insurance 

Other General Purpose Fiscal Assistance 

Farm Income Stabilization 

Central Fiscal Operations 

Recreational Resources 

Prevention and Control of Health Problems 

General Science and Basic Research 

Federal Law Enforcement and Prosecution 

Research and General Education Aids 

Conservation and Land Management 



,767,183 

,692,778 

653,106 

516,005 

503,566 

388,995 

317,667 

294,570 

256,263 

249,095 

232,921 

196,813 

183,431 

177,878 

163,044 

152,285 

132,859 

93,722 

93,537 

83,563 

69,734 

68,656 

65,551 

57,174 

56,147 

48,699 

47,682 

30,106 

27,505 

25,244 

24,049 

23,688 

23,230 

21,834 

19,039 

18,155 

17,251 

14,532 



(Continued on Following Page) 



FUNCTIONAL SUMMARY OF FEDERAL OUTLAYS, MARYLAND: FY 1977 (Cont'd.) 
(In Thousands of Dollars) 



Law Enforcement Assistance 12,682 

Conduct of Foreign Affairs 8,762 

Other Interest 8,035 

Air Transportation 6,716 

Disaster Relief and Insurance 6,567 

Natural Resources, Environment and Energy 6,317 

Water Resources and Power 6,113 

Other Veterans Benefits and Services 4,120 

Other Labor Services 1,909 

Other General Government 1,622 

Health Planning and Construction 896 

Federal Correctional and Rehabilitative Activities 835 

Other Transportation 584 

Foreign Economic and Financial Assistance 726 

Foreign Information and Exchange Activities 578 

Central Personnel Management 365 

Mortgage Credit and Thrift Insurance 309 

Atomic Energy Defense Activities 223 

Veterans Housing 4 

Defense-Related Activities 

Federal Judicial Activities 

Executive Direction and Management 

Source: Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, Geographic Distribution 
of Federal Funds in Maryland, 1977 , issued March, 1978. 



-278- 



NO. 210 

FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 
(In Thousands of Dollars) 



1977 



MARYLAND TOTAL $9,874,920 

Baltimore City 2,572,212 

Montgomery 2,196,531 

Prince George's 1,242,474 

Anne Arundel 1,005,168 

Baltimore 987,736 

Harford 370,832 

Howard 273,129 

Washington 176,061 

St. Mary's 152,494 

Frederick 136,379 

Allegany 119,829 

Charles 111,923 

Cecil 93,797 

Carroll 78,356 

Wicomico 74,274 

Worcester 43,772 

Dorchester 42,084 

Garrett 35,545 

Talbot 34,489 

Somerset 31,072 

Calvert 26,525 

Caroline 25,568 

Kent 22,482 

Queen Anne's 22,188 



Figures may not add to total due to rounding. 

Source: Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, 

Geographic Distribution of Federal Funds in Maryland 1977, issued 
March, 1978. 



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FEDERAL EXPENDITURES BY FUNCTIONAL CATEGORY 
IN THE APPALACHIAN PORTION OF MARYLAND: FISCAL YEAR 1977 



FUNCTIONAL GROUPINGS 



APPALACHIA PORTION 
OF MARYLAND 



1976 Provisional Population Estimate 

Total Expenditures 

Child Development 
Total 
Per Capita 

Health 
Total 
Per Capita 

Vocational Education 
Total 
Per Capita 

Other Education 
Total 
Per Capita 

Community Development 
Total 
Per Capita 

Local Development District Planning & Administration 
Total 
Per Capita 

Research and Technical Assistance 
Total 
Per Capita 

Housing 
Total 
Per Capita 



217,400 

$20,621,676 



864,493 
3.98 



2,257,845 
10.39 



1,509,151 
6.94 



355,021 
1.63 



14,701,691 
67.63 



140,786 
0.65 



170,989 
0.79 



Source: Appalachian Regional Commission, 1977 Annual Report . 



ELECTIONS 

Maryland is often referred to as a barometer of national voting patterns. 
In 1976, the voters of the State cast their ballots for President, giving Jimmy 
Carter 53.0 percent of the popular vote, while nationally the Democratic candi- 
date polled 50.8 percent of the popular vote. In fact since 1932, Maryland has 
voted against the winning presidential nominee only twice, and these were ex- 
tremely close ballots. 

There were over 1,888,300 registered voters in Maryland for the 1978 
general election. Of these registrants, 70.3 percent were listed as Democrats, 
23.1 percent as Republicans, and 6.6 percent either declined to give a party 
preference or were registered with other than the Democratic or Republican Parties. 

Harry Hughes was elected Governor of Maryland 1978 as he polled 71.0 per- 
cent of the popular vote, carrying 22 of the 24 political subdivisions of the State. 
The rather independent pattern of voting in Maryland asserted itself in 1974 as 
Senator Charles McC . Mathias, Jr., a Republican, was reelected to the United States 
Senate, carrying a popular vote of 57.3 percent and 22 of the 24 political subdi- 
visions. Democrat Paul Sarbanes polled 56.6 percent of the popular vote to unseat 
Republican incumbent Senator J. Glenn Beall, Jr. in the 1976 election for United 
States Senate. 

Comptroller Louis L. Goldstein was reelected and Stephen H. Sachs was elected 
Attorney General as part of the Democratic Party ticket in 1978. The 1979 Session 
of the Maryland Legislature is composed of 165 Democrats and 23 Republicans. 

The Congressional delegation of Maryland is composed of one Republican and 
one Democratic Senator, and six Democratic and two Republican members of the House 
of Representatives. 



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MARYLAND GENERAL ELECTION RETURNS - NOVEMBER 2, 1976 
FOR PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES 



SUBDIVISION 



DEMOCRATIC PARTY 


REPUBLICAN PARTY 


JIMMY 


CARTER 


GERALD R. 


FORD 


AND 


AND 




WALTER 


MONDALE 


ROBERT J. 


DOLE 




% TOTAL 




% TOTAL 




SUBDIVISION 


SUBDIVISION 


759,216 


53.0 


672,661 


47.0 


15,967 


50.8 


15,435 


49.2 


54,351 


47.0 


61,353 


53.0 


178,593 


68.6 


81,762 


31.4 


118,505 


45.3 


143,293 


54.7 


4,626 


57.4 


3,439 


42.6 


3,017 


49.2 


3,114 


50.8 


9,940 


38.8 


15,661 


61.2 


8,950 


53.3 


7,833 


46.7 


9,525 


55.0 


7,792 


45.0 


4,528 


48.7 


4,768 


51.3 


14,452 


44.8 


17,941 


55.2 


3,332 


41.8 


4,640 


58.2 


19,890 


45.0 


24,309 


55.0 


20,533 


49.2 


21,200 


50.8 


3,211 


53.2 


2,821 


46.8 


131,098 


51.7 


122,674 


48.3 


111,743 


58.0 


81,027 


42.0 


3,457 


49.8 


3,479 


50.2 


7,227 


56.2 


5,640 


43.8 


3,472 


51.6 


3,254 


48.4 


3,715 


38.8 


5,848 


61.2 


15,902 


44.1 


20,194 


55.9 


9,412 


47.2 


10,537 


52.8 


4,076 


46.7 


4,647 


53.3 



MARYLAND 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



Note: All Write-in candidates received less than 1 per cent of the State-wide vote cast 
for President. 



Source: State Administrative Board of Election Laws, General Election Results: 
November 2, 1976 . 



-289- 



MARYLAND GENERAL ELECTION RETURNS - NOVEMBER 7, 1978 
FOR GOVERNOR OF MARYLAND 





DEMOCRA' 


"IC PARTY 


REPUBLICAN PARTY 




Harry 


Hughes 


J. Glenn 


Beall, Jr. 




Samuel W. Bogley 


Aris T. 


Allen 






% TOTAL 




% TOTAL 


SUBDIVISION 




SUBDIVISION 




SUBDIVISION 


MARYLAND 


718,328 


71.0 


293,635 


29.0 


Allegany 


10,534 


41.8 


14,651 


58.2 


Anne Arundel 


59,242 


68.6 


27,119 


31.4 


Baltimore City 


135,108 


80.4 


33,011 


19.6 


Baltimore 


147,404 


75.2 


48,553 


24.8 


Calvert 


5,097 


71.8 


2,003 


28.2 


Caroline 


4,135 


78.1 


1,158 


21.9 


Carroll 


13,254 


61.8 


8,200 


38.2 


Cecil 


8,290 


66.2 


4,231 


33.8 


Charles 


8,563 


71.3 


3,454 


28.7 


Dorchester 


5,980 


75.8 


1,904 


24.2 


Frederick 


14,368 


58.1 


10,373 


41.9 


Garrett 


2,043 


30.2 


4,714 


69.8 


Harford 


22,128 


68.5 


10,196 


31.5 


Howard 


22,287 


70.9 


9,138 


29.1 


Kent 


3,971 


75.4 


1,298 


24.6 


Montgomery 


115,286 


67.7 


54,986 


32.3 


Prince George's 


88,894 


75.1 


29,465 


24.9 


Queen Anne's 


5,167 


76.2 


1,613 


23.8 


St. Mary's 


7,590 


76.1 


2,389 


23.9 


Somerset 


3,967 


60.8 


2,554 


39.2 


Talbot 


5,333 


69.2 


2,374 


30.8 


Washington 


14,891 


52.7 


13,353 


47.3 


Wicomico 


10,350 


69.2 


4,598 


30.8 


Worcester 


4,446 


65.9 


2,300 


34.1 . 



Source: State Administrative Board of Election Laws. 



-290- 



MARYLAND GENERAL ELECTION RETURNS - NOVEMBER 5, 1974 
FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 



DEMOCRATIC PARTY 
BARBARA A. MIKULSKI 



REPUBLICAN PARTY 
CHARLES McC. MATHIAS, JR. 



SUBDIVISION 



MARYLAND 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 





% TOTAL 




% TOTAL 




SUBDIVISION 




SUBDIVISION 


374,563 


42.7 


503,223 


57.3 


4,962 


23.8 


15,893 


76.2 


28,404 


42.0 


39,180 


58.0 


85,525 


59.9 


57,331 


40.1 


89,866 


50.9 


86,651 


49.1 


1,948 


39.2 


3,023 


60.8 


1,260 


38.3 


2,034 


61.7 


4,865 


32.5 


10,102 


67.5 


4,090 


41.8 


5,685 


58.2 


4,088 


39.5 


6,270 


60.5 


2,131 


38.0 


3,472 


62.0 


4,397 


20.6 


16,938 


79.4 


1,286 


23.5 


4,197 


76.5 


13,077 


46.3 


15,182 


53.7 


9,938 


40.6 


14,561 


59.4 


1,559 


35.6 


2,824 


64.4 


49,239 


30.0 


114,850 


70.0 


45,961 


42.2 


64.443 


57.8 


1,847 


46.7 


2,111 


53.3 


3,176 


38.8 


5,012 


61.2 


1,962 


42.7 


2,631 


57.3 


2,110 


36.0 


3,744 


64.0 


5,837 


25.9 


16,690 


74.1 


4,206 


36.4 


7,353 


63.6 


1,829 


37.5 


3,046 


62.5 



Source: State Administrative Board of Election Laws. 



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NO. 218 



MARYLAND GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS - NOVEMBER 7, 1978 
FOR REPRESENTATIVE IN THE 96th CONGRESS 
OF THE UNITED STATES 
(*DENOTES WINNING CANDIDATE) 






CONGRESSIONAL 
DISTRICT 



DEMOCRATIC 
PARTY 



REPUBLICAN 
PARTY 



INDEPENDENT 



First District 



(1) 

(2) 



Second District 

(3) 



Third District 



Fourth District 



(4) 



Fifth District 



Sixth District 



(6) 



(7) 



Seventh District 

/ON 

Eighth District 



Quinn 46,093 

*Long 98,601 

*Mikulski 91,189 

Ward 43,663 

*Spellman 64,868 

*Byron 126,196 

^Mitchell 51,996 



*Bauman 80,202 
McKnight 49,886 

No Candidate 
*Holt 71,374 

Harris 19,160 

Perkins 14,545 

No Candidate 



81,851 Steers 



77,807 



No Candidate 
No Candidate 
No Candidate 
No Candidate 
No Candidate 
No Candidate 
Freeman 6,626 
No Candidate 



Districts include all or parts of 
(1) 



( 2)] 
(3) 



Calvert, Caroline, Cecil, Charles, Dorchester, Harford, Kent, Queen Anne's, St. Mary's, 
Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, Worcester. 

altimore City, Baltimore County. 



(8) 



Baltimore City, Baltimore County. 

Anne Arundel, Prince George's. 

Montgomery, Prince George's. 

Allegany, Baltimore, Carroll, Frederick, Garrett, Howard, Montgomery, Washington. 

Baltimore City. 

Montgomery. 



Source: State Administrative Board of Election Laws, General Election Results : November 
7, 1978 . 



-294- 



RECREATION AREAS 

The use of recreational land in Maryland is rather substantial. More than 
five percent of the land area of the State is classifed as recreation or open 
space land. As might be expected, there is considerable variation among the poli- 
tical subdivisions, with Garrett (18.6 percent) and Allegany (16.1 percent) 
Counties having the greater figures. 

It was estimated, using data from the 1970 Census of Population and Housing, 
that 1.8 percent of the State's housing stock is comprised of recreation homes. 
Worcester County has the highest proportion in the State, followed by Calvert and 
Garrett Counties. Once again the variety of our natural resources is highlighted 
by this geographical dispersion of recreational activities from the ocean to the 
mountains . 



-295- 



NO. 219 
RECREATION HOMES, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



PER CENT OF RECREATION HOMES 
(ESTIMATED) 



MARYLAND 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Baltimore City 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



1.81 

1.00 
4.23 
0.70 
0.51 

17.49 
2.02 
0.36 
8.96 
3.08 
3.62 
1.66 

14.76 
0.46 
0.80 
7.57 
0.33 
0.21 
6.87 
5.88 
4.76 
3.88 
1.52 
1.33 

36.45 



The number of recreation homes is estimated as the sum of the enumerated 
seasonally vacant and migratory housing units and 30 per cent of year-round 
"other vacant" housing units. Thirty per cent is the percentage for the 
state that year-round housing units held for occasional use are as a 
proportion of all year-round other vacant housing units. The other portion 
of this total of vacant year-round housing consists of housing open for rental 
occupancy or for sale. 



Source: U. S. Census of Population and Housing, 1970. 



NO. 220 



OPEN SPACE LAND AND SELECTED 
RECREATION FACILITIES 



CAMPING FACILITIES IN 
FORESTS AND PARKS 





PERCENT 
OUTDDOR 










NATIONAL 






POLITICAL 


RECREATION 


AND 






SUBDIVISION 


AREA^ 1 ) 


REGIONAL 


STATE 


PRIVATE 


MARYLAND 


5.2 


6 


30 


79 


Allegany 


16.1 





1 


3 


Anne Arundel 


1.8 








3 


Baltimore 


4.0 





2 


1 


Baltimore City 


11.8 











Calvert 


0.6 








1 


Caroline 


1.0 





2 


2 


Carroll 


0.5 








2 


Cecil 


2.7 





2 


7 


Charles 


2.1 





1 


4 


Dorchester 


6.5 








3 


Frederick 


5.5 


2 


2 


5 


Garrett 


18.6 


1 


7 


8 


Harford 


6.3 





1 


2 


Howard 


3.5 





1 





Kent 


2.1 








1 


Montgomery 


3.7 








1 


Prince George's 


3.9 


2 


1 


1 


Queen Anne ' s 


0.1 








2 


St. Mary's 


0.5 





1 


5 


Somerset 


10.7 





1 


3 


Talbot 


0.1 











Washington 


3.0 





3 


11 


Wicomico 


1.4 





1 


4 


Worcester 


7.4 


1 


4 


9 



^'Land classified as recreation or open space land as propor- 
tion of all land (does not include water areas). 

Source: Department of Economic and Community Development, Division 
of Research, 1974 Statistical Supplement to an Economic 
and Social Atlas of Maryland ; Division of Tourist Devel- 
opment, Directory of Maryland Campgrounds , 1978. 



NOTES TO STATISTICAL APPENDIX 

This Appendix to the 1979 Maryland Statistical Abstract is divided 
into four parts. First is a series of tables which we anticipate to be 
of great utility to many users. Historical time series of many important 
economic indicators are shown by month, both unadjusted, and, then adjusted 
for seasonal variations. Many requests for such data are received, and it 
is hoped that this ready reference will format the material so that maximum 
benefit may be derived. 

Next, as a result of increased concern over energy matters, a historical 
series showing consumption by fuel type has been included. 

Following is a series on prime contracts awarded by the Department of 
Defense. Again, this is a series which has been added because of increased 
interest in the topic by the citizenry of our State. The reader is cautioned 
that the data here reflect prime contracts only and not subcontracts as well. 

The final set of tables depicts federal outlays in Maryland coupled 
with demographic characteristics of Marylanders. 



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2CE.367 

57,637 
27,250 
1,190 
61,987 

50,707 
82,054 
31,327 
19,539 
2,966 

16,257 
458,904 
582,877 
31,619 
13,791 

48,847 
3,578 
3,547 
16,133 
10.051 

118,309 
42,156 

127,719 
65,255 

a, i5i 

139,517 
21,124 
3,4(4 

205,163 
1.309 

12,102 
1,350 
71,979 
372,007 
23,631 

21.779 
141.317 
45,406 
1,223 
45.220 
297 


13,272 

2E.I99 

34,255 

1,375 

2,214,523 

It, 354 

1,041.202 

305.656 
155.775 

25,574 

38,190 

109 

30,256 

It, 771 
20,554 
2.525 
15,565 
37,557 

331,348 

551,339 
54,22» 
230,014 
302,835 

685,316 

66 

824. 

45.327 

180.339 

1,819 

1,525, 6 4* 

140,917 

242,251 

7,456 

7.860 

354.401 

77,651 

35.115 

371 

t.,663 

214,482 

24,772 

3.517 

1,321,939 

15!, 214 

2.527 

52.678 

25 


51,686 

6,436 
1, £02,217 

127, 221 
994,787 

22,24,1 
405,408 

188,078 

14,974 

2,719 

147,011 

17,153 
136,688 
3,633 
9,965 
■.,256 

220,675 

61,806 
103,469 
14,696 

638,545 
5,250 
33,333 
16,460 
11.535 

115,459 
53,465 

733,715 
20,535 
12,651 

220,561 

60,534 

9,165 

163,575 

1,527 

7,497 

3,641 

131,256 

1,407,159 
36,602 

3-4,324 

5 6,443 

426,433 

5,886 

2)48! 


6-, 538 
53,768 
15,497 

752,564 

12,70c 
32,511 

57, C9? 

6 1,4-< a 

3 8,442 

105,501 

7,131 

125,022 

1-J.E33 
31.314 

43,702 

106,256 

4,593 

43,061 
7C.255 
be, 133 
27,254 
38,7*1 

23,173 

11,496 
8, 12c 
2,052 
3,32 5 

63,316 
62.41E 

237,190 
39,8.5 

48,58: 
89,615 

2t0,362 

5, 180 

4,2,519 

2,794 
3 8,22 6 
51o,745 
23,263 

1,39c 
65.624 
50.t«3 
17,645 
3c, 671 
21,827 



1 /INCLUDES "OTHER DEFENSE A6ENCY' AWARDS HOT INCLUDED ELSEWHERE IN THIS TABLE. 
T LESS THAU 0.05 PERCENT. 
FOR. FOOTNOTES, SEE PA4I i. 



TABLE J - MET VALUE OF MILITARY PROCUREMENT ACTICNS BY FISCAL YEAR ±f 

FISCAL YEARS 1576, 1977 ANO 1918 

f AMOUNTS IK THOUSANDS* 





FISCAL YEAR 


1976 


FISCAL YEA 


R 1W7 
PERCENT 


FISC8.1 YEAR 


1978 


STATE 


AMOUNT 


PERCENT 


Imount* '- 


AMCUNT 


PERCENT 


TCTAL. U.S. _£/ 


844, 678.667 




052,751,721 




S61.174.09C 




KCT C'STCieuTEC BY STATE _C/ 


5,729,5*2 




7,212.184 




7,580.818 




STATE TOTALS _C/ 


38,949,275 


100.0 


45,539,537 


100." 


53.593.27J 


If CO 


Al»9AH» 


418. 2*9 


1.1 


421,217 


0.9 


479,836 


' 9 


ALASKA 


ini.. 7-;* 


0.4 


123,086 


0.3 


194,623 


c!«. 


ARIZONA 

ARKANSAS 


614,288 
77,176 


1.6 
0.2 


548,2)2 
70,505 


1.2 
0.2 


634,773 

85,106 


1.2 


CALIFCRMA 


8,949,118 


23.0 


10,078,188 


22.1 


1C. 516. 735 


19.6 


CCLORACO 
CONNECTICUT 


311,331, 

1,913,089 
36.565 


0.6 
4.9 
0.1 


375,169 

1,974,323 

51.662 


0.8 
4.3 
0.1 


434,983 

3,489,195 

70,115 


C.8 
6.5 
0.1 


CISTKICT CF CCLLMeiA 


••11,541 




697,543 


1.5 


537,194 


1.0 
















GEORGIA 

ICAMO 


476,917 
363.358 
16,528 


1.2 

0.9 


517,688 
223, ets 


0^5 


793,47? 
292,947 
19.117 


1.5 

C.5 


ILLINOIS 


474,328 


1.2 


559.914 


1.2 


712, 48f 




INDIANA 


785.231 


2.0 


834,832 


1.8 


908.808 
361,512 


1.7 

0.7 


K3NSAS 


307,338 
186,286 


0.8 
0.5 


221,461 


0.5 


431.321 
176.577 


1.6 
6.! 


LOUISIANA 

M£!NE 


3C2.719 
283.750 


0.8 
0.7 


390, EU 
323.276 


0.9 
9.7 


504.562 
340,868 


0.9 

0.6 


MifiYLANC 


961.623 


2.5 


1,092.273 


2.4 


1,316.574 


2.5 


MASSACHUSETTS 


1,956,11.5 
965,168 


5.0 
2.5 


2,395,451 
1.244.458 


5.3 

2.7 


2.787,069 
1.362,180 


5.2 
2.6 


MINNESOTA 


690.533 


1.8 


656,230 




731,094 




MISSISSIPPI 


934,615 


2.4 


493,211 


1.1 


1.405.492 


2.6 


MISSCLRI 


2,294,789 
22,839 


5.9 
0.1 


2,361,070 
173,731 


5.2 


2,999.992 
24,229 


5.6 


NEBRASKA 
NEVACA 


43,664 
19,027 


0.1 


79,915 
27,875 


0.2 
0.1 


71,62! 
42,234 


C.l 
0.1 


NEW HAMPSHIRE 

NEK JERSEY 
NEW MEXICO 


147, iilil 

975,325 
124,941 


0.4 

2.5 

0.3 


153,329 

1,216,613 

159,999 


0.3 

2.7 
0.4 


227,41? 
'200*890 


2.7 


NEM YORK 


3,30A>,122 


6.5 


4,310,271 




4.590.357 


8.6 


NORTH CAROLINA 


346,968 


0.9 


373.506 


0.8 


436,611 


C6 


NORTH OAKOTA 

OHIO 


154, 566 
921,058 


0.4 
2.4 


43,533 

1,164,100 


0.1 
2.6 


55,467 
1,275,173 


2.4 


OKLAHOMA 
OREGON 


254,878 
51.733 


0.7 
0.1 


292,796 
77,945 


0.6 
0.2 


314,56! 
91,752 


0.6 
0.2 


PENNSYLVANIA 


1,252,406 


3.2 


1,654,099 


3.6 


1.632,4n 


3.0 


Rt-OOE ISLANC 


94,4) A) 2 


0.2 


125,0=1 


0.3 


155,966 


t-.l 


SCUTH CAROLINA 


156,715 


0.4 


175,418 


0.4 


195.924 


F.4 


Si-UTH CAKOTA 


14,110 




13,289 




20.065 




TENNESSEE 


341,758 


0.9 


709,718 


1.6 


521,799 


1.8 


TEXAS 


2,095,430 


5.4 


2,778.375 


6.1 


4.943,830 


9.2 


UTAH 


145,205 


0.4 


226,754 


0.5 


214,685 


r.4 


VERMONT 


129,234 
1.607,656 


0.3 
4.1 


119,108 
2,038.451 


0.3 


189,217 
1.700.148 


r.2 

3.2 


WASHINGTON 


1,269,258 


3.3 


1,738,452 


3.8 


1,«07.883 


3.4 


NEST VIRGINIA 


85,339 


• .2 


91,755 


0.2 


76,015 


C.l 


WISCONSIN 


25g,922 


0.6 


416,354 


0.9 


389,263 


C.7 


WYOMING 


20.912 


t.l 


19.429 




26,088 





F 


R I H E C t N 1 


R A C 1 ANA 


» C S BY S 1 A 


T E 




t»ELE 


4 - NET VALLE OF 
EARS 1976, l«77 A 


CIVIL FLNCUONS 


•SOCUREMENT ACTICNS £1 J/ 
1L YEARS 1576 ANC 1979 TC OATE 




FISCAL 1 


NC 1976, ANC FISC 








MMCUfcl! I> TNCUSANCS> 








FISCAL YEAR 


FISCAL YEAR 


FISCAL YEAR 


FISCAL YtAR TC CATE 


STATE 


1976 
OCT 7S-SEF 76 


1577 
OCT 76-SEP 77 


1970 
OCT 77-SEF 70 


1970 


1979 




OCT 77-HAR 78 


OCT 78-NAfc 79 


TfTAL, U.S. tj 


11,459.0(1 


31. 555, 500 


SI. 636, 703 


t 934,595 


1 713,6(5 


N<"T DISTRIBUTEE Ev STATE JJ 


105,467 


117,166 


154,266 


65,311 


55,608 


*TATE TOTALS _C_/ 


1,353,554 


1,462,740 


1,612,437 


669,268 


656,077 


ALABAMA 


1M, Hi 


*2,005 


27.379 


20,710 


14,535 


ALASKA 


It, 027 


15,557 










ARIZCNA 


2,72c 


2,244 


11,749 


7,095 


6,096 


ARKANSAS 


41,236 


27,563 


39,422 


21,469 


9,644 












03,494 


COlOMOC 


IS, 1(4 


16,644 


14,077 


10,167 


2,336 


CCNNECTICLT 


7,i:3 


1,606 


14,731 


5,500 


8,134 


CELAhARE 


532 


537 


3,126 







CISTRICT CF CCLLC814 


1,131 


4.653 


6,753 


4,242 


3,914 


FLORIOA 


37, SEE 


53,427 


35,236 


20,250 


883 


GEORGIA 


24,305 


22,605 


31,703 


0,906 


5,182 


HAWAII 


2.C77 


10,709 


5,041 


1,989 


8,626 


IOAHC 


21, = 77 


12,172 


180,103 


176,814 


6,568 


ILLINOIS 


49,7(7 


26,554 


57,027 


19,441 


24,763 










16,663 


19,926 


IONA 


26,217 


21,367 


10,9(9 


4,977 


15,072 


KANSAS 


23,937 


25,294 


21,168 


9,604 


17,374 


KENTUCKY 


52,525 


(1,559 


50,724 


23,148 


14,00s 


LOUISIANA 


li.l,2E 1 


124,296 


135,906 


61,683 


79,146 


►MNE 


2.322 


655 


051 


103 


124 


M4RYLANO 


15,518 


15,054 


29,734 


22,900 


9,313 


MASSACHUSETTS 


21.fi! 


22,231 


10,557 


9,696 


3,33( 


MICHIGAN 


13,653 


16,543 


34,111 


706 


13,374 


MINNESOTA 


7, -.CO 


10,722 


6,035 


1,967 


6,13d 


MISSISSIFF1 


39,66* 


63,374 


99,5 09 


57,534 


13,93c 


HISSCURI 
fCNTANA 


182,4 1.3 
26,651 


1(2,195 

7.277 


67,347 
12,572 


66,457 

9,639 


47,2(6 
1,713 


NEBRASKA 


7,57* 


15,021 


9,036 


1,217 


1,637 


Nth HAMFSM1RE 


5,552 


445 


1,641 


422 


b75 


NEN JERSEY 


12, 6CC 


21,519 


21,502 


15,601 


5,025 


NEk NE»ICC 


3, JE7 


11.455 


3,511 


803 


10,963 


Nt> VCRK 


31,7E5 


(1.636 


32,962 


14,879 


10,127 


NORTH CAROLINA 


22,655 


36,706 


21,537 


7,612 


436 


NORTH CAKC1A 


11,221 


6.072 


6,521 


2.860 


1,650 


GHIO 


39,072 


33,410 


30,610 


9.075 


14,855 


Oklahoma 


69,266 


36,676 


25,964 


3,333 


13,lt>2 




52. (56 


32,573 


69,221 


26,556 


28.197 


PENNSYLVANIA 


79.165 


110,565 


76,717 


42,693 


39,426 


RHCOE ISLANO 


336 


225 


2,266 





296 


SOUTH CARGLINA 


9,515 


5.305 


10,707 


1.313 


471 


SOUTH CAKCTA 


2,626 


1,713 


4,622 


1.526 


2.292 


TENNESSEE 


12,341 


10,290 


11,204 


2,796 


7,150 




47,411 


56.422 


20,173 


14,005 


46,095 


UTAH 


173 


260 


506 


115 


31 


VERMONT 


641 


379 


1,600 


409 


336 


VIRGINIA 


12,421 


16.510 


23,775 


21,272 


7,150 


NASHINGTON 


115,375 


114.130 


117,833 


64,809 


13,114 


WEST VIRGINIA 


22,053 


16,614 


9,172 


5,642 


31,569 


hISCCNSIN 


9.221 


2.793 


9,738 


602 


7,517 


NYCNING 


42 


154 


171 





ic 



FOR FOOTNOTES. SEE PA6E 5. 



a/ NOTES ON COVERAGE: It is emphasized that data on prime contracts by State do not provide any 
direct indication as to the State in which the actual production work is done. For the major- 
ity of contracts with manufacturers, the data reflect the location of the plant where the 
product will be finally processed and assembled. If processing or assembly is to be performed 
in more than one plant of a prime contractor, the location shown is the plant where the largest 
dollar amount of work will take place. Construction contracts are shown for the State where 
the construction is to be performed. For purchases from wholesale or other distribution firms, 
the location is the address of the contractor's place of business. For service contracts, the 
location is generally the place where the service is performed, but for transportation and 
communications services the home office address is frequently used. 

More important is the fact that the reports refer to prime contracts only, and cannot in any 
way reflect the distribution of the very substantial amount of material and component fabri- 
cation and other subcontract work that may be done outside the State where final assembly or 
delivery takes place. 

The report includes definitive contracts and funded portions of letter contracts and letters of 
intent, job orders, task orders, and purchase orders on industrial firms, and also includes 
interdepartmental purchases made from or through other governmental agencies such as those made 
through the General Services Administration. The State data include upward or downward re- 
visions and adjustments over $10,000, such as cancellations, price changes, supplemental 
agreements, amendments, etc. 

The estimated amounts of indefinite delivery, open-end, or call-type contracts for petroleum 
are included in the report. Except for petroleum contracts, the report does not include 
indefinite delivery, open-end, or call-type contracts as such, but does include specific pur- 
chases or delivery orders over $10,000 which are placed against these contracts. Also excluded 
from the report are project orders, that is production orders issued to government-owned-and- 
operated facilities such as Navy shipyards. However, the report includes the contracts placed 
with industry by the government-operated facility to complete the production order. 

b_/ Includes all contracts awarded for work performed in the United States. The United States 

includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, U.S. possessions, the Canal Zone, the Common- 
wealth of Puerto Rico, the Trust Territories of the Pacific, and other areas subject to the 
complete sovereignty of the U.S. 

c/ Includes contracts of $10,000 and less, all contracts awarded for work performance in the U.S. 
possessions, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Trust Territories of the Pacific, and other 
areas subject to the complete sovereignty of the U.S., contracts which are in a classified 
location, that portion of intragovernmental contracts and directed procurements for foreign 
governments under the Foreign Military Sales Act entered into overseas, and contracts for the 
Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS) . 

d/ Net value of contracts over $10,000 for work in each State and the District of Columbia. 

e/ Civil Functions of the Army Corps of Engineers for flood control and rivers and harbors work. 
Civil Functions data are shown separately and are not Included in military functions tabula- 
tions. 

NOTE: Percentages may not add due to rounding. 

This pamphlet may be reproduced without permission. 

Issued Semiannually by 

Department of Defense 

Washington Headquarters Services 

Directorate for Information 

Operations and Reports 

June 5, 1979 



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Maryland Department of 

Economic and Community Development 

2525 Riva Road, Annapolis, Maryland 21401 



Harry Hughes. Governor • James O. Roberson, Secretary 
Price $15.00 



3 1M30 D2IM*3n a I 



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